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The Evolving ISS Lab: Improvements to Enable New Research & Utilization


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Presented at the 2015 International Space Station Research and Development Conference.

Published in: Science
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The Evolving ISS Lab: Improvements to Enable New Research & Utilization

  1. 1. The Evolving ISS Lab: Improvements to Enable New Research & Utilization MARYBETH EDEEN RYAN PROUTY DANA WEIGEL MIKE READ
  2. 2. THE EVOLVING ISS LAB • Introduction  Marybeth Edeen – Manager, ISS Research Integration Office • ISS Integration Process Improvements  Ryan Prouty – Lead, Revolutionize ISS for Science and Exploration (RISE) • ISS Enhanced Capabilities  Dana Weigel – Manager, ISS Vehicle Office • Fostering Commerce in Space  Mike Read – Manager, ISS National Lab Office The Evolving ISS Lab: Improvements to Enable New Research & Utilization
  4. 4. REVOLUTIONIZE ISS FOR SCIENCE AND EXPLORATION “Make the right thing to do the easiest thing to do” VALUES NORMS Vision: A world renowned laboratory in space enabling discoveries in science and technology that benefit life on Earth and exploration of the universe. Mission: To advance science and technology research, expand human knowledge, inspire and educate the next generation, foster the commercial development of space and demonstrate capabilities to enable future exploration missions beyond low Earth orbit. Principles:  Design and maintain a customer facing culture driven by core values of the ISS vision and mission.  Fly science and technology experiments to the space station as fast as they can be ready, ensuring crew and vehicle safety.  Utilize the space station as a proving ground and destination for building viable commerce in space.  Build strategic partnerships through peaceful cooperation for the continued advancement of humankind.  Energize the public psyche about science, technology, and exploration by focusing on life off the earth, for the earth. ISS CORE PROCESSES KEY ENABLING PROCESSES
  5. 5. REVOLUTIONIZE ISS FOR SCIENCE AND EXPLORATION  Are the reason for ISS existence.  Align with the Vision and Mission  Deliver product to the customer.  Everything else exists to support the Cores. ISS Core Processes • Definition:
  6. 6. REVOLUTIONIZE ISS FOR SCIENCE AND EXPLORATION • Align integration to customer development  Improve collaboration between integration teams: ops, safety, requirements, etc •Tailor operations integration support  Designed around provider experience and operational complexity •Improve data collection and dissemination  Eliminate duplication and improve usability in information gathering from the customer •Improve recognition and outreach to customers  Celebrate successes together! •Implement customer communication forum  Forum for open exchange of information, ideas, and feedback. Steward Discovery H/W Identified for Flight Science Data We care about human life, the health of our planet, and the evolution of our species. We provide the ultimate user experience by understanding the science, technology, and exploration communities needs and working with them in flexible, simple ways, to enable successful experiments in low earth orbit. VALUES: Efficient Flexible Consistent
  7. 7. REVOLUTIONIZE ISS FOR SCIENCE AND EXPLORATION • Change from the bottom  Focusing on HOW each process supports the core processes and thus the customer, will shift the culture  Each enabler redesigned with a specific value system in mind to change the culture of that particular process.  Highlights:  Ensure Safety  Manage Science, Technology and Exploration Interfaces Enabling Process Focus
  8. 8. REVOLUTIONIZE ISS FOR SCIENCE AND EXPLORATION • Tailor process flows  Designed around provider experience and hardware complexity  Support and expertise provided for less experienced providers •Update Hazard Definitions  Definition of catastrophic and critical hazards for payloads will be the same definition as for systems adding consistency in application • Improve data handling and delivery  Reduced data delivery times  Eliminate duplicate data requirements between safety and requirements Ensure Safety IDENTIFIED HARDWARE SAFE OPERATIONS We care about human life and protecting our national asset. A major mishap impacting the vehicle, or injuring the crew, would stop progress of the program and impact our mission to foster science and discovery. VALUES: Diligence Flexibility Excellence Discernment
  9. 9. REVOLUTIONIZE ISS FOR SCIENCE AND EXPLORATION • Reduce Payload Interface Requirements  Transition mission success to the provider/sponsor  Maintain safety of crew and safety of vehicle • Eliminate duplicative processes  Eliminate duplicative documentation – paper for paper purposes • Transition to electronic requirements  Transition to electronic requirement application matrices, eliminate hardcopy documents • Improve IT interface  Update tool capability and feel for improved customer support and use Manage Interfaces H/W Identified for Flight Verified Interface Our goal is to ensure that our customers have the opportunity to be successful and meet their objectives. We do this by ensuring that interfaces are accurately defined and satisfied by executing efficient and flexible processes to ensure successful launch vehicle and on-orbit integration. VALUES: Efficient Flexible Consistent
  10. 10. REVOLUTIONIZE ISS FOR SCIENCE AND EXPLORATION Time to Rise “The secret of change is to focus all of your energy, not on fighting the old, but on building the new.” ~ Socrates • Change the Mindset  Goal is to completely transition ISS culture and processes from “assembly” mode to “science discovery/commercialization” mode.  Changing in our collective mindset “who” is the customer. •Design from Values  Align the values and norms associated with our processes to those of the customers we aim to serve. •Critical Timing  Crucial time for the ISS program to be making this shift in order to position ourselves for the future of ISS operations.
  12. 12. ISS FEATURES & CAPABILITIES Unique Platform for Science  Suitable for long term studies; Long duration microgravity exposure, Exposure to space environment Supports a Broad Range of Research from Various Sources  Internal & external research accommodations  Provides nearly continuous data and comm links to anywhere in the world Crew-Tended: Continuous Human Presence in Space  Automated and robotic research and operations also supported Modular, Maintainable and Reconfigurable  Ensures mission life, allows life extension, vehicle evolution and technology upgrades – Orbital Replacement Unit (ORU) design – Internal architecture based on modular, multi- use racks and subrack payload equipment Evolving ISS Operations Concept  More flexibility in operations allowing for more trial & error experimentation  Crew as a collaborator working with the researcher in real time
  13. 13. MULTIPURPOSE FACILITIES/ENHANCEMENTS • Expedite Processing of Experiments to Space Station (EXPRESS) • Microgravity Science Glovebox (MSG) • European Drawer Rack • Multi-Purpose Small Payload Rack • Multi-Use Subrack Research Platforms Multi-Use Lab Facilities • New Basic EXPRESS Racks to accommodate growing compliment of ISS pressurized payloads • New Life Science Glovebox (LSG) dedicated to life science research • MSG upgrades for quicker access to glovebox payloads, enhanced video and rodent research support Capability Enhancements ExPRESS Rack On-Orbit Microgravity Science Glovebox Life Science Glovebox Sub Rack size payload capability with standard utilities such as power, data, cooling and gases 8/2 Payload Configuration 8 Middeck Lockers 2 Powered ISIS Drawers Secondary Structure & Subsystems International Standard Payload Rack Middeck Locker Features • 4 rear captive fastener attachments • Friction hinge • Dual door locks • Installation tool guides on 4 corners • Weight – 12 lbs International Sub Rack Interface Standard Drawer Features • 4 Panel Unit (PU) • Blind Connectors • Locking Handles • Weight – 27 lbs • Rated to at least 37 Glovebox provides two levels of containment and a safe environment for research MSG upgraded (video, aux power, front access, LSAH) Second ISS Glovebox (LSG) will be dedicated to life science research
  14. 14. EXTERNAL ACCOMMODATIONS • Allow for viewing in any direction desired – Earth, sun, space • Capabilities exist on each partners platforms • Japanese airlock for small satellite orbital deployers • Alpha-Magnetic Spectrometer Attached Payload Platforms • External Payload Site Expansion for additional ISS attached payloads • Expansion of Capabilities for Satellite Deployments from ISS • Use of remaining ports for payloads Capability EnhancementsExpandable Module Technology (BEAM) Columbus External Payload Facility (4 Payload Sites) JEM External Facility (10 Payload Sites) EXPRESS Logistics Carriers (8 Payload Sites Across 4 ELCs) CYCLOPS Small Satellite Kinetic Launch
  15. 15. VEHICLE ENHANCEMENTS THAT BENEFIT UTILIZATION Galley Consolidation  Crew Galley consolidation into Node 1 Galley Rack frees space in Lab for payload operations Water Storage and Handling  Consolidating ISS iodinated water storage will provide more flexible water mgt., increase water storage capacity and reduce crew time for water handling On-Orbit Stowage and Spares  Stowage reductions and improved on-orbit inventory, spares, disposal management maximizes effectiveness and efficiency of ISS modules Consolidated Logistics Wireless Ethernet  Expansion of wireless Ethernet coverage for external payloads Telemetry and Video  Increased bandwidth for payload telemetry and video Communication Coverage  Increased Ku-Band Coverage per orbit Networking  Implementation of Disruption Tolerant Networking Data Communications ISS Payload Data Communications Capabilities Today Tomorrow Galley Rack for Node 1 (HTV-5) ISS Water Storage System (WSS)
  16. 16. PHYSICAL SCIENCE RESEARCH CAPABILITIES • Combustion Rack allows for research without the affects of gravity  Currently can do liquid combustion  New capabilities include gas and solid combustion with enhanced image processing Combustion • Fluid physics research facilities accommodate a wide variety of fluid physics experiments  Fluids Rack with Light Microscopy  2 Phase flow, Capillary flow and Colloids experiments Fluid Physics Materials Science • Material Science Research Rack  Melting and solidification of metal alloys  New capability levitates sample through use of electromagnetic field
  17. 17. BIOLOGICAL RESEARCH CAPABILITIES APH Multi-Purpose Variable-g Platform (MVP) • Two independently-controlled centrifuges • Heating, cooling, humidity control, CO2 & ethylene scrubbing, video observation • Can remove one or more experiment module without stopping other experiments • Supports cell culture, fruit flies, aquatics, plants, algae, invertebrate organisms and protein crystal growth Fruit Fly Provides environmental and behavioral monitoring for long duration studies Bioculture System for Cell Science • Environment monitoring, hardware commanding, and manual crew ops, including biochamber & fluid bag change outs, sampling and injections • Biological safety level 2 containment & toxicological hazard level 2 Red Romaine in VEGGIE Space Automated Bioproduct Lab • Incubator/Refrigerator/Freezer • Can be used with multiple inserts including standard Bio-Cell/Multi-Well Plates and Tissue Culture systems Model Organism Research Facilities Plant/Seedling Growth and Research • Vegetable Production System currently supports multiple plant experiments for crew consumption • Advanced Plant Habitat will have large, environmentally controlled growth chambers
  18. 18. BIOLOGICAL RESEARCH CAPABILITIES Rodent Research Habitats and Transporters • Expanded fleet of Rodent Research Habitats and Transporters to accommodate rodent research for 2 flights per year at 40 mice per flight; • Up to 90 day missions • Future capabilities being developed include male mice and live animal return Rodent Research Habitat Rodent Research Bone Density Scanner for Rodent Research • Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry (DEXA) scanner calculates absolute bone mineral density. It can also determine soft-tissue density, and lean/fat ratio. Provides results from total body imaging in less than 5 minutes of small animals weighing 10-50 g. Cold Stowage MELFI • 3 Units On-Orbit • Provides thermal conditioning at • +4oC, -26oC and -80oC for sample preservation of blood, urine, and tissue POLAR • Next generation transportation freezer that doubles capability Refrigeration, Freezing, Incubation • MELFI • GLACIER • POLAR • MERLIN Capability Enhancements in work • Rapid Freeze Capability
  19. 19. BIOLOGICAL RESEARCH CAPABILITIES Water Monitoring Suite (WMS) Suite of water quality monitoring instrumentation • Silica Analyzer System • Microbial Monitoring System • Organic Water Monitor Wetlab-2 • Future Capability to obtain real-time genomic data from samples processed and analyzed aboard the space station • Allows for researchers to use real time data to determine timing of treatments or when to change experimental conditions • Quantitative PCR Nanoracks Microscope-3 • Variable optical magnification up to 240x • Versatile working distance from sample • 5 megapixels worth of viewing power • Polarization On-Board Analysis Capability
  20. 20. EARTH AND SPACE SCIENCE RESEARCH CAPABILITIES Space and Earth Surface Views • External & Internal Payload/Viewing Sites  Window Observation Research Facility supports visual and multispectral remote sensing using Lab optical window  Cupola bay window viewing Platform for Earth Science • All Geographic locations between 51.6 North and South latitude can be observed NADIR pointing • ISS Provides coverage of 75% of the Earth’s surface and 95% of the world’s populated landmass every 1-3 days ISS coverage in 24 hrs for a 70°-swath optical payload. (Courtesy of ESA) WORF Rack US Lab Window • 50-cm diameter • Telescope- quality optical glass • NADIR viewCupola • Bay window in space • 80-cm diameter top window • 6 side windows • Situational awareness, inspection and robotic work station
  21. 21. NEW COMMERCIAL EXTERNAL SCIENCE PLATFORMS NREP Experiment packages base plate Commercial Materials Platforms • Applications: sensor target testing, biological testing, materials testing, powered and unpowered electrical component testing Commercial Earth Observation Platform • Applications: high definition video and still cameras, infra red, multispectral and hyperspectral instruments, radar, lidar Multi-User System for Earth Sensing • Hosts 2 large and 2 small payloads • High accuracy pointing capabilityMUSES MISSE Materials on International Space Station NanoRacks External Payloads Platform
  23. 23. FOSTERING COMMERCE IN SPACE • Goal of National Lab is to increase non-traditional use  Leveraging ISS’s infrastructure greatly reduces access cost • Commercial participation helps evolve ideas, processes, and technologies, leading to a more business-friendly climate • Stimulates new markets, technology development, and ultimately benefits the economy • Lays the foundation for commercial participation in endeavors beyond LEO Using the ISS as a stepping stone toward a new market in LEO
  24. 24. FOSTERING COMMERCE IN SPACE • New model for updating capabilities  Moving toward “Government as a customer”, where commercial partner retains ownership of the hardware  Traditional contractors/new participants are becoming partners and service providers  Commercial partners market services to close business model  Stimulates demand in LEO while broadening stakeholder base  Incentivizes development of new capabilities that are most likely to stimulate new demand (rather than “build to government spec”)  Market-driven terrestrial lab approach to updating capabilities •Exploring options for contractors to utilize “best practices” to supply ISS with goods and services  As opposed to Government prescribed integration processes Evolving Acquisition Strategies
  25. 25. FOSTERING COMMERCE IN SPACE • UTC : Sabatier • NanoRacks: Internal & External research platforms; sat deployers • SpaceX, Orbital ATK: Cargo • Teledyne Brown Engineering: External precision pointing platform • Bigelow Aerospace: Bigelow Expandable Activity Module • Boeing, SpaceX; Crew • HNu nanoPoint: Microfluidics cell culture platform • MEI Technologies: External materials exposure platform • Urthecast/NanoRacks: Synthetic Aperture Radar Earth imaging • BioServe: Space Biology platforms and services • Kentucky Space: Multilab space biology platform • Red: Ultra High Def digital cinema camera • Techshot: Bone densitometer and centrifuge platform Commercial Service Providers on ISS
  26. 26. FOSTERING COMMERCE IN SPACE • Space Act Agreements  Grants commercial partner the on-orbit “real estate”  Documents formal relationship with NASA to attract funding/customers  Does not provide any NASA funding •Cooperative Agreements  Enable new capabilities by “pre-buying” services  Can front load portion of funding to buy down financial risk during development  Services of equivalent value provided to NASA on back end  Requires <50% NASA contribution • Indefinite Delivery/Indefinite Quantity Contracts  Fixed Price “Menu of Services”  Serves as a “mini-GSA” schedule so other government agencies can buy services Multiple agreements being utilized
  27. 27. FOSTERING COMMERCE IN SPACE Commercial Research on the ISS
  28. 28. FOSTERING COMMERCE IN SPACE • NASA is developing a strategic vision for commercial participation in ISS ops and LEO ops in general  December 2014 industry workshop, follow-on meeting later in 2015  NASA can only lay out broad guidance, it will be up to industry to determine what role to play • NASA must continue to be willing to be a customer and not a hardware owner  When services become commercially available, NASA must not compete • Continue attacking barriers to broader commercial participation  Process improvements, IP protection, cross-waiver umbrella, etc. What Comes Next?