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STEM on the ISS: How the ISS National Lab is Influencing Students and Teachers in the Area of STEM Education

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Presented at the 2015 International Space Station Research and Development Conference.

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STEM on the ISS: How the ISS National Lab is Influencing Students and Teachers in the Area of STEM Education

  1. 1. STEM on the ISS: How the ISS National Lab is Influencing Students and Teachers in the Area of STEM Education MODERATOR: JEFF BENNETT, BIG KID SCIENCE / STORY TIME FROM SPACE JEFF@BIGKIDSCIENCE.COM STUDENT SPACEFLIGHT EXPERIMENTS PROGRAM KELLYE VOIGT (TEACHER), JOSEPH GARVEY, RACHEL LINDBERGH CASIS NATIONAL DESIGN CHALLENGE KATHY DUQUESNAY (TEACHER), JULIA POWELL, EMMA RHODE NASA HUNCH EXTREME SCIENCE MATTHEW BROWN (TEACHER), TREVOR LUCERO, RYAN SPARKS STEM = Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics
  2. 2. STEM AND THE ISS • VISION: Use the ISS to inspire, excite, and engage students and educators • MISSION: Create STEM programs that capitalize on the unique environment of the ISS • GOALS:  Increase STEM literacy for all students  Support teachers in improving STEM education  Advocate the ISS as a STEM learning platform  Excite K-12 students about STEM careers CASIS Education — VISION
  3. 3. STEM AND THE ISS • Build programs to promote ISS as a STEM learning platform • Partner with education entities and associations • Reach out to underrepresented/nontraditional demographics CASIS Education — PLAN
  4. 4. STEM AND THE ISS • Education: Teach real science. • Perspective: On ourselves, our planet, and our place in the universe. • Inspiration: For all of us to work together in building a better future. Education, Perspective, Inspiration
  5. 5. STEM AND THE ISS IMAGINE astronauts reading stories from the ISS to children and families around the world, in an exciting new program that combines literature with science education...
  6. 6. STEM AND THE ISS www.storytimefromspace.com
  7. 7. STEM AND THE ISS SOFIA
  8. 8. STEM AND THE ISS Please Join Us • Students and teachers would love to talk to you! • Public Talk: What is Relativity? (In honor of general relativity’s 100th anniversary) Tonight, 7:30pm, Hayden Planetarium, Boston Museum of Science.
  9. 9. STEM on the ISS DUCHESNE ACADEMY OF THE SACRED HEART, HOUSTON TX, CLASS OF 2018 MRS. KATHY DUQUESNAY, MIDDLE SCHOOL SCIENCE TEACHER/PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR JULIA POWELL, STUDENT EMMA RHODE, STUDENT Effects of Microgravity and Light Wavelength on Plant Growth
  10. 10. DUCHESNE ACADEMY PLANT GROWTH EXPERIMENT • CASIS-funded student research competition • Duchesne Academy was one of three Houston-area schools selected • Teams challenged to develop, design, and implement an ISS research experiment within specified design parameters  Experiment must fit within small box-shaped container (10 cm3)  Minimal energy requirements  Experiment must have a beneficial, real-life application Overview of the NDC Pilot Program
  11. 11. DUCHESNE ACADEMY PLANT GROWTH EXPERIMENT • Team agreed upon growing pea shoots using combinations of red and blue light • Used 1U Ardulab designed by Infinity Aerospace  Students programmed the Ardulab  Used tiny Adafruit cameras with limited field of view  Started with a lucite box then later changed to an anodized aluminum Original Experiment Design
  12. 12. DUCHESNE ACADEMY PLANT GROWTH EXPERIMENT Antares Rocket Explosion (10/28/14)
  13. 13. DUCHESNE ACADEMY PLANT GROWTH EXPERIMENT • Experiment design modifications:  Switched to a 1 ½ U NanoLab with Nesi+  Used one 3D printed piece for the inset instead of separate pieces  Larger cameras and lights placed at the corners (red and blue lights)  Modified design was custom built by Texas A&M students The Second Attempt
  14. 14. DUCHESNE ACADEMY PLANT GROWTH EXPERIMENT Ready to Launch
  15. 15. DUCHESNE ACADEMY PLANT GROWTH EXPERIMENT Our Mission Patch
  16. 16. DUCHESNE ACADEMY PLANT GROWTH EXPERIMENT • 56 eighth-grade students • Students worked in teams on different areas of the project including programming, lights, cameras, growth media, plants, patch design, communication, and purchasing • Technical assistance provided by computer teacher Livia Santos • Technical assistance provided by Dr. Joe Morgan and Texas A&M University students • Mentored by Alli Westover, CASIS Project Manager • Scientific expertise provided by Dr. Brian Stephens, plant physiologist, at Univ. of Houston Clear Lake Our Team
  17. 17. DUCHESNE ACADEMY PLANT GROWTH EXPERIMENT • Great opportunity for our 8th grade students • Our team welcomed the opportunity to benefit the future of mankind • We hope to supply food for future space colonies in our lifetime Moving Forward
  18. 18. DUCHESNE ACADEMY PLANT GROWTH EXPERIMENT Emma Rhode Julia Powell STUDENT CLASS OF 2018
  19. 19. DUCHESNE ACADEMY PLANT GROWTH EXPERIMENT • Became more interested in STEM • Really enjoyed programming • Would like to continue studying science/engineering • Eventually want to be a pediatrician Impact of Research Opportunity
  20. 20. DUCHESNE ACADEMY PLANT GROWTH EXPERIMENT • This has opened my eyes to new level of understanding on how countries can interact together to further the development of the entire world • Would like to study international relations and then work in the foreign service Impact of Research Opportunity
  21. 21. DUCHESNE ACADEMY PLANT GROWTH EXPERIMENT
  22. 22. DUCHESNE ACADEMY PLANT GROWTH EXPERIMENT • Kathy Duquesnay (Kathy.Duquesnay@duchesne.org) • www.ndcpilot.weebly.com Additional Information
  23. 23. The Hydrofuge Project MATTHEW BROWN, INSTRUCTOR, WARREN TECH/LAKEWOOD HIGH SCHOOL TREVOR LUCERO, STUDENT RYAN SPARKS, STUDENT NASA HUNCH Hydrofuge Project LAKEWOOD HIGH SCHOOL
  24. 24. Matthew Brown HUNCH ENGINEERING INSTRUCTOR NASA HUNCH Hydrofuge Project
  25. 25. •The Hydrofuge Project ▪How did this start? ▪Passing the project on from year to year ▪Different iterations for each program year •Collaboration ▪The opportunity to collaborate with other students and professionals •Business Partnerships ▪Stratasys, Colorado Aquaponics, NanoRacks Impacts on the Program NASA HUNCH Hydrofuge Project
  26. 26. •Problem Based Learning/Buy In ▪ Every day brings a whole new set of problems ▪ It’s all on them, consequences are real ▪ Students use knowledge gained in academics daily •Demystifies STEM Fields ▪ Am I smart enough to be an engineer? ▪ Confidence builder •Students switching to Engineering ▪ As students build confidence, more of them opt to switch Advancing STEM Education NASA HUNCH Hydrofuge Project
  27. 27. NASA HUNCH Hydrofuge Project Trevor Lucero & Ryan Sparks LAKEWOOD HIGH SCHOOL HUNCH STUDENTS
  28. 28. • How did we get here? ▪ HUNCH Extreme Science ▪ Five years of development • What does it do? ▪ Small, automated microgravity plant growth chamber ▪ One basil seedling, two basil seeds • How does it work? ▪ A combination hydroponic and centrifuge system ▪ Removing water from the roots The Hydrofuge Project NASA HUNCH Hydrofuge Project
  29. 29. • Design ▪3D Printed ▪SolidWorks ▪Student designed ▪“Tear Drop” shape ▪80 degree angle • Electronics ▪ Automated, timed system ▪ NanoRacks Embedded System Integration Board and Arduino ▪ Custom microcontroller boards • Results ▪ Successful plant growth for 12 days ▪ Bearing failure The Hydrofuge Project NASA HUNCH Hydrofuge Project
  30. 30. pictures of electronics here? NASA HUNCH Hydrofuge Project
  31. 31. NASA HUNCH Hydrofuge Project
  32. 32. NASA HUNCH Hydrofuge Project
  33. 33. • CASIS • NASA HUNCH • NanoRacks • Jefferson County Schools • Stratasys Corp. A Special Thank You! NASA HUNCH Hydrofuge Project
  34. 34. Student Spaceflight Experiments Program Joseph Garvey, Rising High School Junior, Palmetto Scholars Academy Rachel Lindbergh, Rising College Freshman, University of Chicago Kellye Voigt, SSEP Community Program Director for North Charleston, Palmetto Scholars Academy • SSEP Community Team Reporting Today: Dr. Jeff Goldstein National Program Director, Student Spaceflight Experiments Program Center Director, National Center for Earth and Space Science Education
  35. 35. The Tin Whisker Team
  36. 36. What is SSEP? National Partners International Partners
  37. 37. What is SSEP?
  38. 38. What is the process of SSEP?
  39. 39. Impressive Student Engagement with SSEP ● 49,260 students from grades 5-16 ● 11,151 scientific proposals ● 153 proposals selected for spaceflight ● 113 experiments successfully flown to the ISS and returned to Earth ● 25 M7 experiments lost on the SpaceX CRS- 7 launch failure in June 2015
  40. 40. Our Experiment The Development and Detachment of Tin Whiskers in Spaceflight Conditions Joseph Garvey, Rising High School Junior, Palmetto Scholars Academy Rachel Lindbergh, Rising Freshman, University of Chicago
  41. 41. Development and Detachment of Tin Whiskers • Small, crystalline, electrically conductive structure ▪ Grow from the base and not the tip ▪ Tin, cadmium, zinc, gold, silver, nickel, lead, magnesium, palladium, platinum, indium, aluminum, antimony, and iron can whisker • Four types of failures associated with whiskers ▪ Permanent short circuits; transient short circuits; vapor arcing; detachment •There is no confirmed growth mechanism theory ▪ No one is sure and has proven what causes the growth of whiskers What are tin whiskers?
  42. 42. Development and Detachment of Tin Whiskers
  43. 43. Catastrophic Anomaly Orb-3 28 October 2014
  44. 44. Development and Detachment of Tin Whiskers ▪Lyudmyla Panashchenko ▪Jay Brusse ▪Dr. Henning Leidecker Our Partners- NASA GSFC
  45. 45. Development and Detachment of Tin Whiskers •Copper-beryllium card guide from the Endeavour •Cut in half by metal shears •Bewhiskered sample Our Current Experiment Courtesy of NASA.gov Courtesy of L. Panashchenko
  46. 46. Development and Detachment of Tin Whiskers •We expect to find similar growth rates among flight and ground samples •Our goal is to determine if the development rates differed between ground and flight samples •Our goal is to calculate a detachment for tin whiskers under spaceflight conditions Our Current Hypothesis
  47. 47. Impact of SSEP on our Community
  48. 48. Gabriel Briefing at NASA Wallops 26 October 2014, Gabe, Joe, and Rachel
  49. 49. Joseph
  50. 50. Rachel

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