Paraphrasing FMHS  Semester 2 Session 2
Overview <ul><li>FMHS blog </li></ul><ul><li>Paraphrasing </li></ul><ul><li>Nominalisation </li></ul><ul><li>Review of nou...
Paraphrasing <ul><li>Since traditional medicine was incorporated in the World Health Organisation's programmes in 1976, th...
Your FMHS blog <ul><li>http://www.mhs.manchester.ac.uk/trainingteam/ </li></ul>
Paraphrasing <ul><li>was incorporated </li></ul><ul><li>the gulf </li></ul><ul><li>appears  </li></ul><ul><li>to have narr...
Techniques: changing vocabulary <ul><li>conduct  an experiment  </li></ul><ul><li>perform   an experiment </li></ul>
Techniques: changing verb form <ul><li>The questionnaire  asked  (active) students how they felt about ...  </li></ul><ul>...
Techniques: changing word class <ul><li>The machines are designed to serve  a number of functions  (noun phrase)  </li></u...
Practice <ul><li>In 1976 traditional medicine was incorporated into the World Health Organisations programmes, and this ha...
<ul><li>Nominalisation </li></ul>
<ul><li>The course  was introduced  last year </li></ul><ul><li>The introduction of  the course last year resulted in a si...
<ul><li>Manchester  was transformed  from a market town to a city after 1761. </li></ul><ul><li>The transformation  of Man...
<ul><li>The Liverpool and Manchester railway  opened  in 1830. </li></ul><ul><li>The opening of  the Liverpool and Manches...
<ul><li>In 1846, John Owens, a successful Manchester cotton merchant,  died  and  bequeathed  his wealth to the establishm...
Noun phrase structure into the causes of heart disease funded by the Medical Council investigating the causes of heart dis...
to primary care trusts in disease risk over time in air pollution over the last 160 years in daily activity  in cardiovasc...
to heighten awareness of celiac disease   to promote more appropriate use of antibiotics about heart  disease  in women sp...
for people with Alzheimer's for thyroid patients on this important issue about potential bleeding problems  concern over r...
model statistics for Heart disease  of sexually transmitted diseases in the United States  of infectious diseases in poor ...
of sexually transmitted diseases in the United States  of infectious diseases in poor areas  of about 50 per cent in cases...
for administering smallpox vaccine  for the diagnosis of sexually transmitted diseases  for assessing regional brain atrop...
of emerging infectious diseases   issue the previous  the current  health global
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Week 2 2010 Paraphrasing

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Week 2 2010 Paraphrasing

  1. 1. Paraphrasing FMHS Semester 2 Session 2
  2. 2. Overview <ul><li>FMHS blog </li></ul><ul><li>Paraphrasing </li></ul><ul><li>Nominalisation </li></ul><ul><li>Review of noun phrase structure </li></ul><ul><li>Paraphrase practice </li></ul>
  3. 3. Paraphrasing <ul><li>Since traditional medicine was incorporated in the World Health Organisation's programmes in 1976, the gulf between traditional and modern systems appears to have narrowed to some extent. </li></ul><ul><li>The incorporation of traditional medicine into the World Health Organisation's programmes in 1976 seems to have gone some way towards reducing the gap between the traditional and modern systems . </li></ul>
  4. 4. Your FMHS blog <ul><li>http://www.mhs.manchester.ac.uk/trainingteam/ </li></ul>
  5. 5. Paraphrasing <ul><li>was incorporated </li></ul><ul><li>the gulf </li></ul><ul><li>appears </li></ul><ul><li>to have narrowed </li></ul><ul><li>to some extent </li></ul><ul><li>The incorporation </li></ul><ul><li>The gap </li></ul><ul><li>seems </li></ul><ul><li>reducing </li></ul><ul><li>to have gone some way </li></ul>
  6. 6. Techniques: changing vocabulary <ul><li>conduct an experiment </li></ul><ul><li>perform an experiment </li></ul>
  7. 7. Techniques: changing verb form <ul><li>The questionnaire asked (active) students how they felt about ... </li></ul><ul><li>Students were asked (passive) how they felt about ... </li></ul>
  8. 8. Techniques: changing word class <ul><li>The machines are designed to serve a number of functions (noun phrase) </li></ul><ul><li>The machines are designed to be multi-functional (adjective) </li></ul><ul><li>The course was introduced (verb) last year. </li></ul><ul><li>The introduction of the course (noun phrase) last year </li></ul>
  9. 9. Practice <ul><li>In 1976 traditional medicine was incorporated into the World Health Organisations programmes, and this has gone some way towards narrowing ….. </li></ul><ul><li>Following the incorporation of traditional medicine into the World Health Organisations programmes, the gulf between ……. </li></ul><ul><li>The incorporation of traditional medicine into the World Health Organisations programmes has brought about a …… </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Nominalisation </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>The course was introduced last year </li></ul><ul><li>The introduction of the course last year resulted in a significant increase in the number of postgraduate students in the department. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Manchester was transformed from a market town to a city after 1761. </li></ul><ul><li>The transformation of Manchester from a market town to a city after 1761 was remarkable in the history of urbanisation. </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>The Liverpool and Manchester railway opened in 1830. </li></ul><ul><li>The opening of the Liverpool and Manchester railway in 1830 brought increased prosperity to both cities. </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>In 1846, John Owens, a successful Manchester cotton merchant, died and bequeathed his wealth to the establishment of a College that bore his name. </li></ul><ul><li>In1846, the death of John Owens, a successful Manchester cotton merchant, and the bequest of his wealth to the establishment of a College that bore his name, marked the beginnings of Manchester University. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Noun phrase structure into the causes of heart disease funded by the Medical Council investigating the causes of heart disease which investigates the causes of heart disease of this group research Medical University Professor Healey's
  16. 16. to primary care trusts in disease risk over time in air pollution over the last 160 years in daily activity in cardiovascular disease changes Important lifestyle regional the early appearance of personality
  17. 17. to heighten awareness of celiac disease to promote more appropriate use of antibiotics about heart disease in women sponsored by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute campaign Prostate Research regional Vaccination national kidney disease prevention campaign The objective of the campaign
  18. 18. for people with Alzheimer's for thyroid patients on this important issue about potential bleeding problems concern over rapid rise of chronic kidney disease concern recent a significant public health concern lack of
  19. 19. model statistics for Heart disease of sexually transmitted diseases in the United States of infectious diseases in poor areas incidence low estimates of the the peak changes in the
  20. 20. of sexually transmitted diseases in the United States of infectious diseases in poor areas of about 50 per cent in cases for both in the number of diagnosed cases of rise a sharp an unexpected an alarming rise
  21. 21. for administering smallpox vaccine for the diagnosis of sexually transmitted diseases for assessing regional brain atrophy based on minute shifts in the ….. method the recommended a quick and effective a computer-based
  22. 22. of emerging infectious diseases issue the previous the current health global

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