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WASTE  MANAGEMENT  IN THE  MEDICAL  CENTER OFUNIVERSITY OF SRI JAYEWARDENEPURA<br />© Group 01<br />
GROUP MEMBERS<br />R.A.S.Pushpakumara	-As 2010131<br />S.N.Weerathunga	-As 2010177<br />G.C.D.R.Fernando	-As 2010045<br />...
MEDICAL CENTER OF USJP<br /><ul><li>Medical center is governed by the UGC of Sri Lanka.
This provides health care facilities to registered students, academic staff as well as the non-academic staff.
Services provided are:
 Diagnosis and treatment of acute illnesses and minor   injuries
  Accident related procedures
  Referral to Specialists
  Immunizations
  Dental care & Pharmacy</li></li></ul><li>MEDICAL CENTER STAFF<br /><ul><li>Chief medical officer
  Two medical officers
  One dental doctor
  Three nurses
  One dental nurse
  One PHI
  Three assistants
  Two pharmacists
  Ten health laborers
  Two sanitary laborers</li></li></ul><li>MATERIALS  USED IN THE MEDICAL CENTER<br /><ul><li> Syringes
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WASTE MANAGEMENT IN THE MEDICAL CENTER

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WASTE MANAGEMENT IN THE MEDICAL CENTER OF UNIVERSITY OF SRI JAYEWARDENEPURA

A presentation Done by the 1st Year Students (Group 1) of the Department of Forestry and Environmental Sciences, University of Sri Jayewardenepura for the Environmental Chemistry Assignment..

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WASTE MANAGEMENT IN THE MEDICAL CENTER

  1. 1. WASTE MANAGEMENT IN THE MEDICAL CENTER OFUNIVERSITY OF SRI JAYEWARDENEPURA<br />© Group 01<br />
  2. 2. GROUP MEMBERS<br />R.A.S.Pushpakumara -As 2010131<br />S.N.Weerathunga -As 2010177<br />G.C.D.R.Fernando -As 2010045<br />H.R.T.Senadeera -As 2010149<br />Shalika Medan<br />
  3. 3. MEDICAL CENTER OF USJP<br /><ul><li>Medical center is governed by the UGC of Sri Lanka.
  4. 4. This provides health care facilities to registered students, academic staff as well as the non-academic staff.
  5. 5. Services provided are:
  6. 6. Diagnosis and treatment of acute illnesses and minor injuries
  7. 7. Accident related procedures
  8. 8. Referral to Specialists
  9. 9. Immunizations
  10. 10. Dental care & Pharmacy</li></li></ul><li>MEDICAL CENTER STAFF<br /><ul><li>Chief medical officer
  11. 11. Two medical officers
  12. 12. One dental doctor
  13. 13. Three nurses
  14. 14. One dental nurse
  15. 15. One PHI
  16. 16. Three assistants
  17. 17. Two pharmacists
  18. 18. Ten health laborers
  19. 19. Two sanitary laborers</li></li></ul><li>MATERIALS USED IN THE MEDICAL CENTER<br /><ul><li> Syringes
  20. 20. Needles
  21. 21. Scalpels & other blades
  22. 22. Gauze – 100 yards per month
  23. 23. Cotton – 10 rolls per month
  24. 24. Plasters
  25. 25. Tablets & Capsules
  26. 26. Vaccines & sera
  27. 27. Gloves & masks
  28. 28. Chemicals</li></li></ul><li>CATEGORIZATION OF WASTE <br />
  29. 29.
  30. 30.
  31. 31. Current waste management practices<br /><ul><li>Non hazardous wastes - removed by the contractor.
  32. 32. Expired tablets - Keep records and deep buried within the premises.
  33. 33. Sharps & infectious waste - open burn within the premises.
  34. 34. Sputum waste from the dental - treated just after generation by adding an infecting agent and send to a sealed pit within the premises.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Human waste - water sealed latrine system.
  35. 35. Sink water
  36. 36. Sink water generated from the dressing room - dispose in to a water sealed toilet pit.
  37. 37. Other sink water connected to normal waste water collection system.</li></li></ul><li>Environmental Impact<br /><ul><li>Direct health harm:
  38. 38. Community
  39. 39. Environment
  40. 40. People working in health center
  41. 41. Patients attending the health center
  42. 42. Indirect health harm:
  43. 43. community </li></li></ul><li>Modifications To Improve Current Situation …<br /><ul><li> University health center can go for a drum incinerator instead of open burning.
  44. 44. When burning waste in a pit, use fuel to accelerate the burning and ensure that all waste is completely destroyed.
  45. 45. To reduce the generation of pharmaceutical waste, stocks of pharmaceuticals should be inspected periodically and checked for their durability.
  46. 46. Pharmaceuticals Should be returned to the regional officers of the Medical Supplies Division for proper disposal.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li> A process to inert the Pharmaceuticals should be carried out as mix with cement and lime before buried.
  47. 47. Blood samples can give to the medical college to use as culture media.
  48. 48. All the health workers put on heavy duty gloves while dealing with infectious waste specially sharps.
  49. 49. Design a safer disposal box for infectious waste.
  50. 50. Design a spill kit to manage spilt waste.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Segregation of waste according to the color code used in health care waste management.</li></li></ul><li>Recommendations<br /><ul><li> Get help of the ministry to train the staff & for the Provision of health care treatment facilities.
  51. 51. Should change the attitude of students and the staff.
  52. 52. Fill waste bags ¾ full only & when they are to be tie up, should keep an air space on the top of the garbage.
  53. 53. Never overfill sharps containers before safe disposal.
  54. 54. Hazardous waste symbol should display on the yellow bag.
  55. 55. Recycling procedures should be implemented to minimize the quantity of waste generated.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Further studies are needed to have a more accurate description of the waste composition.
  56. 56. Standards for treatment and disposal of biomedical wastes yet to be developed.
  57. 57. Possibilities for returning old pharmaceuticals to the producer or handling them to a special collection system for possible subsequent use could be explored.
  58. 58. Select staff to supervise waste disposal and burning.
  59. 59. Different types of hazardous HW should be treated appropriately.</li></li></ul><li>References<br /><ul><li>Mr. D. M. Yothirathne,</li></ul> PHI, USJP.<br /><ul><li> Dr. Hettiarachchi,</li></ul> Chief Medical Officer,<br /> Health Center,<br /> USJP.<br /><ul><li>Mr. JanakaPerera,</li></ul> Pharmacist,<br /> Health Center,<br /> USJP.<br /><ul><li> Mr. O. B. Amarathunge,</li></ul> Staff Nurse,Health Center,<br /> USJP.<br />
  60. 60. <ul><li>Health Care Waste Management National Policy – Sri Lanka Ministry of Health and Indigenous Medicine Draft Version – October 2001.
  61. 61. www.who.int
  62. 62. Technical guidelines on solid waste management in Sri Lanka - Hazardous Waste Management Unit, Pollution Control Division, CEA. </li></li></ul><li>THANK YOU !<br />

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