EDEN’s OnGuard: Protecting America’s Gıda System Haydi gıda hakkında konuşmaya başlayalım. Yaşamın sürdürülebilmesi ve sağlığın korunması için yeterli ve dengeli beslenme gereklidir. Bu gereksinimin besinlerle karşılanması açısından güvenli besin tüketimi bir zorunluluktur. Oysaki; yaşamımızın temel maddesi olan besinler, satın almadan tüketime kadar geçen aşamalarda hijyenik koşulların yeterince sağlanamaması nedeniyle zararlı hale gelebilmekte ve sağlığımız için gizli bir tehlike oluşturabilmektedir. Bir tüketici olarak besin güvenliğini sağlamada bize de bazı görevler düşmektedir. Her şeyden önce besin güvenliği konusunda tüketici bilincine sahip olmamız gerekmektedir.
Crops and Hayvanlar may be exposed to Toksik substances due to envionmental bulaşma ofSu ,Hava and soil. In addition, agroKimyasal s, such as pesticides, are widely used in most countries. Gıda can also be contaminated during processing, handling, Depolama, and preparation. Long-term, Düşük -level exposure to some Kimyasal bulaşanlar is associated with serious Hastalık , including neurological damage, birth defects and kanser . Although rare, Akut exposures to Kimyasal s through Gıda have resulted in large-scale outbreaks, in some cases with irreversible sağlık damage and enormous economic costs. Regular, accurate information on Gıda bulaşma is essential to reduce its occurrence and protect halk sağlığı .
Tarımda son yıllarda yaşanan yaşanan olaylar artık tarımın lokal değil, global olarak ele alınması gerektiği gerçeğini ortaya çıkarmaktadır. Bu bağlamda tarımda yukarıda belirtilen konular tarımın küresel sorunları olarak göze çarpmaktadır.
A great example of our success in dealing with animal health is that certain diseases which posed a great threat to animal and human health 10 years ago are now considered to be of much lower risk. Take BSE, for example. Since the 1990s, the EU has invested millions of euros in tackling this disease, and with good results. Through stringent prevention, monitoring and control measures, we have managed to reduce the incidence of BSE from 2167 vaka in the EU-15 in 2001, to 320 vaka in the EU-25 in 2006. What is more, this downward trend continues and the average age of pozitif vaka has increased to 110 months showing that the prevalence of BSE in young hayvan is decreasing. Other diseases still pose a great risk, but have been well contained through effective measures at EU-level. For example, the stringent monitoring and biosecurity measures which were implemented in response to the threat of H5N1 avian influenza in 2006 undoubtedly contributed to minimising the impact of this disease in the EU. These are just some examples of how successful harmonised EU measures have been in their field of animal health. We are now ready to go further – to make the improvements that need to be made, and to maximise our areas of strength.
In the EU, a great deal of progress has been made in recent years in the field of animal health. We have established harmonised surveillance and control measures to prevent disease outbreaks and to deal with them effectively when they do occur. We have also established better traceability of hayvan and their products, through tagging and the TRACES system. This is particularly important for public health and food safety. We use vaccination where it can bring about real improvements, such as in the fight against Bluetongue and rabies. Overall, these measures have produced very pozitif results.