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Lecture 1 introdication medical sociology for nursing

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Lecture 1 introdication medical sociology for nursing

  1. 1. University of Kufa College of Nursing Medical Sociology for Nurses 2th Year Students (Lecture.1.2) ………………………………………………………………………………. UNIT: I TIME: 2 Hrs Learning Objectives  State the importance of Sociology in Nursing. CONTENT  Introduction  Definition of Sociology  Nature and Scope of the discipline.  Identify three major sociological theories  Difference between sociology of nursing to sociology in nursing?  Uses of Sociology for Nurses.  Importance and application of Sociology in Nursing. ……………………………………………………………………………………………. Teaching Learning Activity Lecture Discussion Assessment Methods Essay type Short Answers …...…………………………………………………………………………… Introduction ciences. The wordis the youngest of the recognized social sSociology”“ sociology was coined by Auguste Comte – French Philosopher in 1839. He is consider as a father of Sociology. He believed that a science of sociology should be based on systematic observation and classification not on tion.authority and specula  The word Sociology is derived from the Latin Word ‘Socius’ which means ‘society’ and the Greek word ‘logos’ means ‘science or study or advanced study.  Sociology can be understood as the study of society as society itself has a huge influence on what we do, how we think and who we are. Sociology is essentially the study of people, by people how people form cultures, societies, organizations, laws, beliefs, families, religions, and all other aspects of human life.
  2. 2.  Wright Mills once said that sociologists need to develop a sociological imagination to study how society affects individuals. Seeing patterns means that a sociologist needs to be able to identify similarities in how social groups respond to social pressure DEFINITIONS:  Science is a well organized source of knowledge. There are 3 Factors which are given as under: 1. Explanation of Phenomena: Science explains different Phenomena which is present around us. E.g., In sociology living standard of families depends upon the standard of education and economic resources. 2. Classification of Phenomena : Different phenomena are classified into groups for understanding E.g., in sociology, social institution etc are different groups. 3. Prediction : It is concerted in changes in space and time rainfall may be predicted by scientific methods.( Prediction logical deduction from the hypothesis)  Method of Science: 1. Description : Science describes natural Phenomena. It consists of correct observation , collecting data and confirmation of results. 2. Co-relation : There could be a clear cut relationship between observation and description. 3. Experiments: It means observation under slandered conduction so that it produces a particular result.  Positive and Normative Science: 1. Positive Science : It is the study of facts as they- are E.g. Psychology is the study of facts of mind as they are. 2. Normative Science : It is the study of facts as they should be. Some examples are as under:  Ethics : It deals with goodness and rightness of our action  Logic : It deals with the correctness of our thought  Aesthetics: It deals with beauty of imagination, creation and perception.  Sociology: It is the study of origin, structure & function of human groups and behavior of individuals of their groups .
  3. 3.  L.F. Ward, “Sociology is the science of society or of social phenomena” (social isolation, social security, social skills, social class, social deprivation )  Ginsberg, “Sociology is the study of human interaction and interrelation of their conditions and consequences”  Emile Durkheim “ Sociology as a science of social institutions”  Ogburn and Nimkoff “Sociology as the study of social life”  Kimball Young, “Sociology deals with the behaviour of men in groups”.   Subject matter of Sociology  Sociology is….  Study of society .  The science of social life.  The study of social relationships.  The study of human behaviour in groups.  The study of forms of social relationships.  The study of social action.  The study of social groups and social systems  Psychology : It is the study of mind and behavior of humans.  Psychiatry : It is the study of diagnosis and treatment of mental disorder.  Economics : It is the study of social activities of humans by which they satisfy their needs from mental environment.  Political Science: It is the study of man and his activity as a member of the state or other political organization.  Jurisprudence : It is the study of human activities in terms of law and formal codes of behaviour.  Geography: It is the study of natural environments.  History : It is the study of past social activity and history of present FIELDS OF SOCIOLOGY: Important fields are as under: 1 . Social Work. 2. Community Health. 3. Law. 4. Health Education. 5. Family Planning. 6. Journalism. 7. Religions. Political
  4. 4.  Functionalism (Émile Durkheim) Views society as a system of highly interrelated structures or parts that function or operate together harmoniously.  Conflict theories (Karl Marx ) People are basic struggling battling over something. Karl Marx : Who believed that the history of society was one of class struggle  Symbolic interactionism(Herbert Blumer) A theoretical perspective through which scholars examine the relationship of individuals within their society by studying their communication (language and symbols). Which research technique would most likely be used by a symbolic interactionist Participant observation. The primary goals of sociology in nursing is promotion of health and prevention of illness and injury. Health promotion and illness prevention in the population may be achieved thought intervention direct at the total population or at the individuals, families and groups that compose of its member. .
  5. 5. Sociology plays, an important role in the area of health sciences. Medicine and nursing have the common goals of prevention and restoration of health, however , the primary role of medicine comprises diagnosis and treatment , that is the care process ,. The primary role of nursing lies in the care process. Consisting of caring. IMPORTANCE OF SOCIOLOGY IN Iraq: In Iraq , rapid social changes have produced many social problems like: 1. terrorism 2. Prejudice and discrimination. 2. Crimes. 3. Public unrest. 4. Un-employment. 5. Housing Problems. 6. Illiteracy. 7. Poverty. As we known that the Sociology is a source of knowledge along with its practical applications and also as a profession, therefore it will help by planning and solution of problems by sociological knowledge. What is the difference between sociology of nursing to sociology in nursing? Sociology of Nursing would address the study of nurses themselves and how social factors or forces affect the roles of the nurse and the evolution of the profession of nursing. focuses on the application of sociology tools and theories to nursing practice and research.( this approach focuses on theory and concepts) An example would be the famous book by Eliot Freidson called '' professional Dominance'' . Sociology in Nursing : would address sociological knowledge which would help the nurse do her or his job. The "big three" of sociology (gender, race and class) would be examples of how this might work- for example do women who are diabetic have a different way of dealing with their diabetes based on their social gender roles.(this approach focuses on applications and solving problems using sociological knowledge) . an example would be Divid Mechanics studies '' illness behavior'')
  6. 6.  Uses of Sociology for Nurses: 1. Knowledge of culture and social life patients. 2. Maintained of friendly relationships between different personnel's at different levels. 3. Knowledge of social system and social relationships . 4. Knowledge of community , resources, and facilities, available . 5. Knowledge of different sections of society( trial, health, military). 6. Knowledge of technology progress and complication . 7. The study of sociology helps nurses identify the psycho- social problems of patients , which helps important the quality of treatment. Importance and application of Sociology in Nursing: 1. Sociology helps understand those forces and pressures which affect patients adversely. 2. It helps the nurses understand the behavior, conflicts. Inter personal relationships, hierarchy , group, adaptation. Etc., of different people working in hospital or health institutions. 3. Through sociology, the nurse gets information about socio-cultural life of the patient is important for the planning and implementation of the treatment. 4. By the study of sociology , the nurses learn the technique of adjustment that can be used in nursing 5. A nurse who has knowledge about rituals and customs of different peoples can handle patients who are superstitious have to take medicines and they believe more in which doctors and quacks.
  7. 7. 6. As our country biggest drawbacks is illiteracy. A nurse can educate people about clean less, balance diet and also guide mother and child health and vaccination. 7. Sociology helps, in the understand and eradication of the social problems. 8. Without sociological knowledge a nurse cannot understand the community. 9. Studying Sociology helps nursing analyze data because they learn: interview techniques ;to apply statistics; to generate theories. Application of Sociology in Nursing  Sociology is a recent addition to the syllabus of medical education.  Sociology is needed in general to all the medical professions and especially nursing because social conditions are sometimes responsible for health problems.  Sociology helps to understand the relationship between disease and social condition.  Importance of social environment:  A patient with physical handicap should be understood in the context of his social milieu.  Psychological, social and vocational handicaps of the disabled person and patietns are often related with false attitudes of the people. –  The nurse should understand the social environment for develop the patient health condition. Importance of understanding the social factors.  Sociology helps Nurse to understand the social factors which from the barriers to treatment, rehabilitation and positive outcome.  Nurse to understand the importance of supportive social factors in treating and rehabilitating the patient..
  8. 8. Application of Sociology in Nursing Intervention measures:  In the absence of social worker the Nurse may have to deal with family and other problems such as housing, economics, social, isolation and psychological disturbances of the patient.  Intervention on finance and social security measures.  Social change and treatment.  Modification of attitudes. ………………………………………………………………………………….. References - Schaefer, R .: Sociology A Brief inroducation,6th edition 2006 ,American, New York, P.P.452. - Browne,K.: Introducation To sociology, 2011 ,2nd edition, printed and bouad by MPG Books group.UK,PP.4 -Kindersly,D.: Sociology for Nurses,2010, printed in India by sheel print pack, P.P. 1,2,17,20,22,23 Good luck Assist Lecturer Medical Sociology for Nursing : BY Hossam – M

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