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THE FEDERAL LAWMAKING PROCESS (or, How a bill  becomes a law) Article I, Section 7
 
<ul><li>A BILL is a draft or idea for a law </li></ul>
<ul><li>Both houses can also pass RESOLUTIONS, which are official statements (but not laws) </li></ul>
NOTE - The lawmaking process may begin in either the Senate or the House of Representatives!!   <ul><li>Except for REVENUE...
 
<ul><li>committees act as  filters  for bills of common subjects </li></ul>LIST
LIST subcommittees  investigate  the bill
<ul><li>report  the bill to the entire House favorably or unfavorably </li></ul><ul><ul><li>change  or  amend  the bill </...
 
On the House Floor, the Representatives can debate, amend, and vote on the bill D A V 3)  The Bill goes to the  House Floo...
<ul><li>Debate is limited in the House  </li></ul><ul><li>Votes are public - not secret </li></ul><ul><li>Votes are usuall...
 
 
<ul><li>committees act as  filters  for bills of common subjects </li></ul>LIST
LIST subcommittees  investigate  the bill
<ul><li>report  the bill to the entire House favorably or unfavorably </li></ul><ul><ul><li>change  or  amend  the bill </...
 
6)  The bill goes to the  Senate Floor  for action Senators can debate, amend, and vote on the bill If the bill receives a...
 
Some interesting tidbits of info about debating and voting in the Senate  <ul><li>Voting is done usually by roll call, pub...
Some interesting tidbits of info about debating and voting in the Senate  <ul><li>Senators can add different laws to the b...
LOBBYISTS <ul><li>Representatives of special interests groups who meet with members of both houses to try to persuade them...
 
 
<ul><li>They will meet and try to  iron out the differences  and  pass the bill through both houses again </li></ul>
 
Presidential Action – four options
 
 
<ul><li>the bill goes back to Congress, with a message from the President </li></ul>
Pocket Veto
2/3 2/3
What about the  Judicial Branch?
 
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The lawmaking process 11

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The lawmaking process 11

  1. 2. THE FEDERAL LAWMAKING PROCESS (or, How a bill becomes a law) Article I, Section 7
  2. 4. <ul><li>A BILL is a draft or idea for a law </li></ul>
  3. 5. <ul><li>Both houses can also pass RESOLUTIONS, which are official statements (but not laws) </li></ul>
  4. 6. NOTE - The lawmaking process may begin in either the Senate or the House of Representatives!! <ul><li>Except for REVENUE, or tax bills - they must begin in the House </li></ul><ul><li>(it’s in the Constitution) </li></ul>
  5. 8. <ul><li>committees act as filters for bills of common subjects </li></ul>LIST
  6. 9. LIST subcommittees investigate the bill
  7. 10. <ul><li>report the bill to the entire House favorably or unfavorably </li></ul><ul><ul><li>change or amend the bill </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>kill the bill - “pigeonhole” it </li></ul></ul>
  8. 12. On the House Floor, the Representatives can debate, amend, and vote on the bill D A V 3) The Bill goes to the House Floor for action A majority (50%+1) of the House must approve the bill for it to move on
  9. 13. <ul><li>Debate is limited in the House </li></ul><ul><li>Votes are public - not secret </li></ul><ul><li>Votes are usually taken electronically </li></ul>
  10. 16. <ul><li>committees act as filters for bills of common subjects </li></ul>LIST
  11. 17. LIST subcommittees investigate the bill
  12. 18. <ul><li>report the bill to the entire House favorably or unfavorably </li></ul><ul><ul><li>change or amend the bill </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>kill the bill - “pigeonhole” it </li></ul></ul>
  13. 20. 6) The bill goes to the Senate Floor for action Senators can debate, amend, and vote on the bill If the bill receives a majority (50%+1) vote, the bill will move on D A V
  14. 22. Some interesting tidbits of info about debating and voting in the Senate <ul><li>Voting is done usually by roll call, public </li></ul><ul><li>Debate in the Senate is UNLIMITED ! </li></ul><ul><li>Senators can talk for as long as they possibly can - this is called a filibuster </li></ul>What is the record? 24 hours and 18 minutes               
  15. 23. Some interesting tidbits of info about debating and voting in the Senate <ul><li>Senators can add different laws to the bills being discussed. </li></ul><ul><li>These additions are often called riders </li></ul><ul><li>Such bills are referred to as CHRISTMAS TREE BILLS </li></ul>Why? To help the bill get passed – of to make sure it doesn’t get passed               
  16. 24. LOBBYISTS <ul><li>Representatives of special interests groups who meet with members of both houses to try to persuade them to vote for specific programs </li></ul><ul><li>Some are full time, some are hired out </li></ul><ul><li>Registered Federal Lobbyist Database </li></ul>
  17. 27. <ul><li>They will meet and try to iron out the differences and pass the bill through both houses again </li></ul>
  18. 29. Presidential Action – four options
  19. 32. <ul><li>the bill goes back to Congress, with a message from the President </li></ul>
  20. 33. Pocket Veto
  21. 34. 2/3 2/3
  22. 35. What about the Judicial Branch?

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