Ancient Mesopotamian Religion
The ancient Mesopotamians believed in many gods. According to their
religion, human life began during a battle between gods. There was
only water, swirling for all eternity. From this water came Apsu and
Tiamat, fresh water and salt water. They created all the other gods.
However, the younger gods had a battle with the elder gods and
Ancient Egyptian Religion
The Ancient Egyptians based all religion and beliefs on multiple gods.
They believed the world began with only Nun, water. From the water
rose the first god, Atum. Atum then spat out Shu, the god of air, and
Tefnut, the god of moisture. Shu and Nut had two children; Geb of the
earth, and Nut of the sky. Nut and Geb had four children named Osiris,
Isis, Seth, and Nephthys. Osiris ruled the earth with Isis. Osiris was a
good king, but his brother, Seth, killed him in jealousy. Horus, Osiris’
son, killed Seth and became king. The Egyptians believed that their
rulers were the decedents of Horus himself.
Canada is a country that promotes ‘free religion’, meaning that you can
choose any religion you want. Most Canadians choose to be Christian,
but some people do not believe in any religion.
Ancient Greek Religion
The Ancient Greeks also had their own thoughts on how the world
began. The world began with Gaia and Uranus, the earth and the sky.
Their children were Coeus, Crius, Cronus, Hyperion, Iapetus, Oceanus,
Mnemosyne, Phoebe, Rhea, Theia, Themis, and Tethys. These were the
12 titans. Cronus killed his father and became the ruler of the titans.
Cronus then married Rhea, his sister. Afraid that his own children would
kill him, he ate all of his children. The last child, named Zeus, was hid
away by Rhea so that he could live. When Zeus grew up, he killed his
father and released his brothers and sisters.
These gods were the ‘reason’ all things existed. When there was
thunder, that meant that Zeus was mad. If a man wanted a wife, he
would pray to Aphrodite to help him with love. The god Ares would
help them in war. This is what the Greeks believed in.
In Ancient China, the largest forms of religion were Buddhism,
Confucianism and Taoism. Before the 20th century, almost everyone
was taught into these ‘three teachings’, hoping to create a world were
nothing bad existed.