Categories of Special Education
in Michigan
By: Sarah Wenson
T/TH 11:00-12:15
Cognitive Impairment (CI)
• IQ of 70 or lower
• Common terms
– Cognitive impairment
– Mental retardation
– Developmental d...
Emotional Impairment (EI)
• Disruptive or inappropriate behaviors that
may affect a child's learning, social life, and
eve...
Hearing Impairment (HI)
• Controversies
– Where child should be
educated
– Learning sign language
– Should child receive c...
Visual Impairment (VI)
• Visual efficiency
– How well sight is used
• Visual acuity
– Distance
• Residual vision
– Functio...
Physical Impairment (PI)
• Cerebral palsy
– Brain can not control functions
– Four types
• Spastic-70-80% of cases
• Athet...
Other Health Impairment (OHI)
• Due to health problems, either big or small.
• Affects child's learning ability mostly to ...
Speech and Language Impairment (SLI)
• Language
– Form
– Content
– use
• Speech
– Voice
– Articulation
– Fluency
Early Childhood Development Delay
(ECDD)
• A child with a disability related to learning
that does not take place because ...
Specific Learning Disability (SLD)
• Dyslexia
• Dyscalculia
• Dysgraphia
• Auditory & Visual processing disorders
• Nonver...
Severe Multiple Impairment (SXI)
• Impairments that are so sever that children
can not learn using the special learning to...
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)
• A developmental disorder.
• Typically appears within the first three years of life.
• Aff...
Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)
• An injury to the brain
not caused by birth.
Greatly affects the
childs performance at
schoo...
Deaf-Blind (DB)
Use special instruments in the
classroom to help their learning.
examples:
Close circuit TVs, talking
book...
Work Cited
Pictures
• http://www.elements4health.com/software-
developed-that-analyzes-mr-images-to-
diagnose-alzheimers.h...
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Categories of Special Education: Michigan

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Categories of Special Education: Michigan

  1. 1. Categories of Special Education in Michigan By: Sarah Wenson T/TH 11:00-12:15
  2. 2. Cognitive Impairment (CI) • IQ of 70 or lower • Common terms – Cognitive impairment – Mental retardation – Developmental disabilities – Intellectual disabilities • Difficult time doing adaptive skills. – Showering, eating, brushing teeth, getting dressed, and other daily things.
  3. 3. Emotional Impairment (EI) • Disruptive or inappropriate behaviors that may affect a child's learning, social life, and even personal life. • Random outbursts • Inner and outer types of behavior – Examples: • Anxiety disorder, mood disorder, schizophrenia, and many more.
  4. 4. Hearing Impairment (HI) • Controversies – Where child should be educated – Learning sign language – Should child receive cochlear implant? • Deaf • Hard of hearing • Prelingually deaf • Postlingually deaf
  5. 5. Visual Impairment (VI) • Visual efficiency – How well sight is used • Visual acuity – Distance • Residual vision – Functional use
  6. 6. Physical Impairment (PI) • Cerebral palsy – Brain can not control functions – Four types • Spastic-70-80% of cases • Athetoid • Ataxic • mixed • Muscular Dystrophy – Wasting away of the muscle/ muscle weakness • Spina Bifida – Spinal cord is not formed correctly • Orthopedic impairment – Affects child's educational performance
  7. 7. Other Health Impairment (OHI) • Due to health problems, either big or small. • Affects child's learning ability mostly to be able to pay attention in class. • ADHD/ADD is the most common • Asthma • Allergies
  8. 8. Speech and Language Impairment (SLI) • Language – Form – Content – use • Speech – Voice – Articulation – Fluency
  9. 9. Early Childhood Development Delay (ECDD) • A child with a disability related to learning that does not take place because of visual or hearing problems. – Basic reading – Basic math – Comprehension
  10. 10. Specific Learning Disability (SLD) • Dyslexia • Dyscalculia • Dysgraphia • Auditory & Visual processing disorders • Nonverbal disablities
  11. 11. Severe Multiple Impairment (SXI) • Impairments that are so sever that children can not learn using the special learning tools. • Child can not be placed in a “normal” class room. • The severity is determined by testing the child.
  12. 12. Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) • A developmental disorder. • Typically appears within the first three years of life. • Affects brain social skills • Characteristics – Communication – Social interaction – Behavior – Sensory and motor skills • Types of autism – Autistic disorder – Asperger's disorder – Pervasive development disorder – Rhett's Disorder – Childhood disintegrative disorder
  13. 13. Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) • An injury to the brain not caused by birth. Greatly affects the childs performance at school • Two types – Closed head injury – Open head injury
  14. 14. Deaf-Blind (DB) Use special instruments in the classroom to help their learning. examples: Close circuit TVs, talking books, Braille, personal readers..Etc.
  15. 15. Work Cited Pictures • http://www.elements4health.com/software- developed-that-analyzes-mr-images-to- diagnose-alzheimers.html • http://www.nei.nih.gov/canwesee/ • http://people.howstuffworks.com/sign- language2.htm • http://wiki.injuryboard.com/help- center/head-and-brain-injuries/default.aspx • http://www.maxiaids.com/categories/21/Ca nes.html Information • http://www.bridges4kids. org/Disabilities/MIlabels. html • http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih. gov/pubmedhealth/PMH 0002494/ • http://www.parentpals.co m/gossamer/pages/Detail ed/683.html • http://www.traumaticbrai ninjury.com/

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