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Educ. 306 (UAE Educational System)


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Educ. 306 (UAE Educational System)

  2. 2. UAE Formerly known as the Trucial States, the United Arab Emirates are a federation of seven individual states, all ruled by emirs.
  3. 3. The UAE is a federation of Seven Emirates, each governed by a hereditary EMIR, with a single national president.• ABU DHABI ‫إمارة أبو ظبي‬ ‫ي‬• AJMAN ‫عجمان‬• DUBAI ‫ي‬ ّ ‫دب‬• FUJAIRAH ‫الفجيرة‬• SHARJAH ‫الشارقة‬ ‫ة‬• RAS AL-KHAIMAH ‫رأس الخيمة‬• UMM AL-QUWAIN ‫أ ّ القيوين‬ ‫م‬
  4. 4. Brie f H is toryThe United Arab Emirates (UAE) consists of seven independent Emirates. On December 2, 1971 the late President, HisHighness (H.H.) Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, unified six Emirates into a federation (Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Sharjah, Ummal-Quwain, Fujairah and Ajman). The seventh Emirate, Ra’s Al-Khaimah, acceded to the new Federation the following year.In 2004, H.H. Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan became president and has since continued to strive towards an ambitiousvision for the UAE.In less than four decades, the nation has transformed from a tribal culture reliant on agriculture and fishing to anentrepreneurial success story with world-class infrastructure. The leadership has improved education (effectively eliminatingilliteracy), advanced health care and embraced change as the UAE modernizes, consistent with its history and cultural values.The UAE is also strengthening institutions of government to ensure a transparent legal system with full regard for the qualityof life of all citizens and residents. Four members of the Federal Cabinet are women.The UAE is a member and participates in many international organizations, e.g. the United Nations (UN), the World TradeOrganization (WTO), the Arab League, the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), the Arab Bank for Economic Development inAfrica (ABEDA), the Arab Fund for Economic and Social Development (AFESD), the Food and Agriculture Organization(FAO), the Group of 77 (G-77), the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), the International Bank for Reconstruction andDevelopment (IBRD), the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), the United Nations Educational,Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).Today the UAE is a strong, vibrant and modern nation that is open to the world.
  5. 5. C ou ntry P rofile Political  Each Emirate has its own governmental institution.QUICK GLANCE: Economic  Wealth is based on oil and gasOfficial Name : exports (Abu Dhabi)United Arab EmiratesCapital : Social  Women are seen as equals andAbu Dhabi are protected by rights and privilegesClimate : generally laid down by Islam hot and dry Technology  Telephones (land line and cell),Population : radio broadcast stations, television,8.26 million (as of March internet 2011)  Court proceedings in the UAE are LegalPolitical System: A time-consuming. federation with specific areas of authority Environmental  Arid/tropical, sandy desert, and constitutionally assigned coastal areas. to the UAE Federal Government and other powers reserved for Free Trade Zones member emirates  One needs a NETWORK OF PEOPLE  Large export market  Sandstorms and dust storms
  7. 7. GEOGRAPH Y• The total area of the UAE is approximately 83,600 square kilometers.• Maximum temperatures reach above 40 °C (104.0 °F) on the coastal plain during July and Aug.• Minimum temperatures in January and February are between 10 and 14 °C (50 and 57.2 °F).
  8. 8. ECONOMY• Highest per capita incomes in the world ($49,499).• More than 85% of the economy is based on the exports of natural resources.• $350 billion worth of active construction projects.• $360 billion in overseas investments & an estimated $900 billion in assets.
  9. 9. INFRASTRUCTUR E• Al Maktoum International Airport – Largest Airport in the world.• World Tallest Building – Burj Khalifa• Jebel Ali Port is the largest port in the Middle East, and the seventh busiest in the world.• The Dubai Metro is the first urban train network in the Arabian Peninsula.• Only 7 star hotel in world - Burj Al Arab.
  10. 10. TOURISM• Tourism capital on the middle east.• Most modern of malls, world’s most sought-after brands.• Elite and top classes seeking luxury and welfare.• Suit all people of ages, like cinema festivals, concerts, sports champions, shopping festivals, culinary events, family festivals.
  11. 11. HEALTH• The UAE Ministry of Health (MoH) provides special medical centers for school children, and health units in every school.• There are world-class hospitals and clinics in Dubai, Abu Dhabi, Sharjah and other major cities of the UAE.• Life expectancy at birth in the UAE, at 78.3 years, has reached levels similar to those in Europe and North America.
  12. 12. EDUCATION• The UAE has a strong interest in improving education and research.• Primary schools, Middle schools and High schools.• Basic Ed. Cycle is 14 years• Public schools in the country are free for citizens of the UAE.• Arabic medium with emphasis on English as a second language.• Illiteracy rate is of 7%• Adult Literacy Rate is 90%
  13. 13. “The greatest use that canbe made of wealth is toinvest it in creatinggenerations of educated andtrained people.” and "Thereal asset of any advancednation is its people,especially the educatedones, and the prosperity andsuccess of the people aremeasured by the standard oftheir education." His Highness (H.H.) Sheikh Zayed Bin Sultan Al Nahyan, founder of the UAE
  14. 14. Outline of Presentation
  15. 15. III. The Evolution of Education in UAEEducation in the UAE started with the first civilizations that cultivated thisregion. In those early days, education was a personal experience was peoplelearned by experimentation and imitation as well as interaction with theimmediate environment. Eventually, education developed to a teaching processon the hands of well versed scholars with knowledge in natural science.Accordingly, Education in the UAE developed from traditional simple style tosystematic education based on well studied curricula and subjects. Moreover,education went through four types of developments that characterized the UAEthroughout its long and rich history.
  16. 16. III. Evolution of Education in UAE Informal Scientific Circle Developed Modern Education Education Education Systematic Education the Holly Quran and the knowledge in religious enlightening schools were proper curriculum with profit’s Hadeeth (sayings), education ,history and established in cities testing standards and in addition to writing and grammar Scholars run, manage, certification for the students calligraphy, Islamic rituals and supervise education in Systematic education developed in the UAE in two and duties. these schools . stages; foundation of the c.handled by local Department of Knowledge. governments and knowledge departments d.Local Ministries were established, and the Federal Ministry of Education & Youth was in charge of all education related issues. Many public schools were built according to modern standards, and equipped by novel tools and instruments.  This era took the UAE to a brighter age with the increase of literacy and an ambition to eradicate illiteracy.   .
  17. 17. The Evolution of Education in UAE 1900s ∀ Pearl merchants established three schools ∀ Foreign teachers from other parts of the Arab world, who taught reading, writing, and Islamic studies, staffed the schools.1920s and1930s Decline in the pearl industry forced schools to close. 1953 The British government, controllers of the military and external affairs the Trucial States (the forerunner of the UAE), built the first school offering a comprehensive Western-type curriculum 1955 The British government established an agricultural school. 1958 ∀ A technical school was built. ∀ Kuwait started to build schools in the emirates and provided teacher-training programs in the UAE and funded teacher 1960s Abu Dhabi Emirate developed and funded its own educational system. 1970s The existing educational structure which is a four-tier system covering 14 years of education was established. The tiers include kindergarten (4-5 years old), primary (6-11 years), intermediate (12-14 years) and secondary (15-17 years) levels.
  18. 18. Education Level Kindergarten  Aged 4 and 5  Teachers are all women and UAE nationals  Teacher-Student ratios is 1:20  Subjects: English and Math along with Arabic, Art, Music, Religion and other activities.  School year extends over 32 weeks Primary (6)  Aged 6 – 12  Teacher-Student ratios is 1:20 Junior  One teacher has a single class throughout the day.  Core subjects include Islamic education, Arabic language, English language, mathematics, and science. Activity subjects include art, physical education, music, and family education for girls.  School year extends over 32 weeks Senior  Different teachers for the different school subjects.  The same subjects are taught but the number of periods for some of them is increased.  Social studies join the required subjects.
  19. 19. Education Level Preparatory (3)  Aged 12-15- Grades VII to IX  The same subjects are taught at the preparatory stage with an increase in content and the number of class periods.  Social studies: history, geography and civics.
  20. 20. Education Level Secondary  Aged 15-18 Education (3)  Certificate of General Secondary Education (CGSE). Year I  Follow a common syllabus  Subjects: Islamic education, Arabic language, English language, history, geography, mathematics, physics, chemistry, biology, geology, computer science, physical education, and family education (for girls).  They specialize in science or literature. Year II  Subjects: Islamic education, Arabic language, English Year III language, mathematics, physical education, and family education (for girls). These are the basic subjects. In addition, students can choose to join either the science section or the literary section, and have to study the following additional subjects: history, geography, sociology, and economics in the literary section; physics, chemistry, biology, and geology in the science section.
  21. 21. Education LevelTechnical  Aged 12-18Secondary (6)  Certificate/diploma awarded: Technical Secondary Diploma  It comprises three main streams: technical, agricultural, and commercial. It is divided into two levels, one for technical preparatory education, and the other for technical, commercial, and agricultural secondary education, each lasting three years. In technical education courses English is used for specialized subjects but all other subjects are taught in Arabic.
  22. 22. Education Level Higher  It is controlled by the Ministry of Education Higher Education and Scientific Research Post Secondary InstitutionsUnited Arab Emirates  Oldest institutions (1977)- arts, science, education,University political science and business administration  It has become a leading tertiary institution in education, research, and community service.  It is the most popular destination for students seeking higher education in the UAE.  Instruction in most courses is in Arabic with several programs being conducted in English.  Most courses are segregated on the basis of gender.Higher Colleges of Technology  Established in 1988  Provide three years of technical training in such areas as business administration, accounting, banking, information systems, computers, engineering, aviation technology, and health sciences.  There are separate HCT colleges for men and women.
  23. 23. Post Secondary InstitutionsZayed University  Established in 1988 with the aim of educating Emirati women in English, Arabic, and computer skills as well as in academic areas.  It provides four-year undergraduate studies in the arts and sciences, business, communication and media sciences, education, and family sciences.Zayed University  Established in 1988 with the aim of educating Emirati women in English, Arabic, and computer skills as well as in academic areas.  It provides four-year undergraduate studies in the arts and sciences, business, communication and media sciences, education, and family sciences.
  24. 24. There are also special federally supported training colleges with a practical, career-orientated focus: Etisalat College  the Police Colleges Dubai Aviation College Higher education is also available through : the Armed Forces with the Zayed Military Academy Means of Instruction & Infrastructure: The Curriculum andTextbooks Department of the MOEY carries out evaluation and developmentstudies concerning curricula, teaching methodology, audio-visual aids, andevaluation activities. It is the primary contact point for consulting educationalexperts, specialized educational bureaus in the Gulf, and other Arab andinternational organizations.
  25. 25. EDUCATIONMedium of Instruction i  Arabic  English ( Technical and Scientific Courses)School Calendar  September to June 172 days for students; 185 days for teachers
  26. 26. Term Primary SchoolAutumn September 8th to December 12thSpring January 5th to March 27thSummer April 7th to June 26th Term Secondary School Autumn/Spring September 12th to January 15thMid-Term Holiday January 16th to February 2nd Spring/Summer February 3rd to June 13thSummer Holidays June 14th to September 10th
  27. 27. Al Isra Wa Al Miraj Eid Al-AdhaNational Day Islamic New YearEid Al-Fitr and New Year Prophets Birthday School Uniform  Primary school – (boys) generally wear cotton shorts, cotton shirt and a cotton sweater. Quite often these are in colour combinations of blue, khaki or navy and are worn with white socks and black leather shoes. (girls) usually wear a cotton dress, cotton sweater and white socks with black shoes. Again navy, khaki and blue are popular colors. For sports children wear a polo style t-shirt with shorts, sports socks and white trainers. School Fees It varies greatly between schools, private schools being far more expensive than public ones. Generally fees are calculated on a sliding scale  Payable in two installments, the first upon registration and the second upon completion of the first term. There are additional costs which may include transport, exam fees, registration fees and book deposits etc.
  28. 28. Teaching Profession •The average salary of a UAE national teacher in the federal system was reportedlyabout US$1400 per month in 2000 • Teachers with a masters degree receive an additional allowance of US$170 permonth, while teachers with a Ph.D. receive an additional US$340. •Teachers working in distant areas receive a remote area increment in accordance withthe Civil Service Law. In addition to their salaries, teachers receive allowances foraccommodation, transport and cost of living, plus an annual supplement based onqualifications. •A special scale for teachers salaries has been in force since 1976 and that awarding aspecial allowance amounting to 30 percent of the basic salary to UAE national teachers asan incentive to continue their work as teachers or remain in the profession. •Any teacher with an "excellent" grade in his/her annual performance is eligible forpromotion to an administrative or technical job.
  30. 30. Administration, Finance, & Educational Research Budgeting and financial procedures are under the control of the variouscentral government councils composed of the leaders or designates of eachemirate. Budgets are routinely drawn up by ministry officials with the aid ofconsultants and reviewed at different levels. At the ministerial level, educational issues are the domain of a HighCommittee including the ministers of education, planning, finance andindustry, labor and social welfare, the chancellor of the UAE University, theundersecretary of education, and two MOEY appointees. It coordinates anddevelops national policies and implementation efforts. A MOEY committee onRegulations and Development drafts policy, budgets and implementationprocedures for the High Committee and is composed of the minister and histop five assistants.
  31. 31. PRIVATEEDUCATION Private schools follow the curricula of their homeland but they operate under the licensing and supervision of the Ministry of Education and Youth (MOEY).  The MOEY supplies textbooks to private schools that follow the national syllabus.NON- FORMAL EDUCATION Focusing on UAE women who are making their presence felt in society as civil servants, university professors, teachers, lawyers, engineers, doctors, business women, administrators, and as members of the police force and the army.
  32. 32. Unlike many countries, a lack of financial resources has not been a barrier tothe development of the educational system. Lacking teachers in the UAE, thegovernment has been able to recruit teachers from other countries to fill staffingneeds. Research has shown that teaching methods on the whole are traditional andbased on rote memorization. Innovation on the part of teachers is often viewed as very difficult because ofthe demands of complying with a centralized curriculum and evaluation systemenforced by administrators and school inspectors. The high turnover in expatriate staff prevents UAE schools from developinga cadre of experienced teachers upon which quality programs depend.
  33. 33. The UAE University is seeking to establish an internationallyprominent information technology college. The curriculum willencompass a total of nine degree programs, including softwareengineering, information systems, telecommunications, educationaltechnology, e-commerce, and information security. The ministry seeks to accomplish high quality teacher trainingfor both pre- and in-service, in addition to improvements in salaryscales and job descriptions for teachers. Having a teaching force that is 90 percent Emirati by 2020
  34. 34. The UAE Government gives special attention to the future generations. Hence, it will developteaching systems, methods and staff to ensure the reduction of student drop-out rates, andcontribute to the development of student skills. The Government will also develop student’sknowledge, instill learning and work values in them, and prepare them for college life. It will alsowork to improve the quality of higher education to ensure that it yields graduates who are equippedwith the skills required to fuel the growth of the country.The UAE Government’s strategic directions to achieve a first-rate education system aresummarized as follows:• Develop students’ skills, knowledge, and readiness for higher education by implementing propergovernance in the education system, improving preschool education, school curriculum andassessment, enhancing the productivity and efficiency of administrative and academic staff,improving the learning experience, pursuing the accreditation of private and public schools, andapplying standard international examinations• Promote student retention, educational attainment, and values by reducing student drop-outrates, promoting community and parental involvement in student education, encouraging extra-curricular activities, improving educational guidance and counselling in schools, promoting aculture of self-education, work values and educational values, and encouraging sport culture andcompetitions in schools and universities• Improve the quality of higher education and ensure accessibility by defining and coordinating theroles of public universities, enhancing higher education curricula and teaching methods focused onempirical research, accrediting and monitoring public and private universities to global standards,encouraging university outreach programs, diversifying sources of funding for public highereducation institutions, and enhancing the effectiveness of Emirati student scholarship programs
  35. 35. Very similar to American education system. Primary schools,middle schools, and secondary schools.Public schools paid for by government, but there is also privateschools.Higher education is dictated by Ministry of Higher Education.The UAE has a strong interest in improving education andresearch. Today, the UAE offers a comprehensive education to all male andfemale students from kindergarten to university.
  36. 36. ‫شكرا‬