Broadwater Powerpoint

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Broadwater Powerpoint

  1. 1. Broadwater
  2. 2. Natural Gas - Uses <ul><li>Supplies 24% of U.S. energy </li></ul><ul><li>consumption </li></ul><ul><li>Used to heat 55% of American homes </li></ul><ul><li>Burned to generate electricity at power plants </li></ul><ul><li>Used for transportation </li></ul>
  3. 3. How A Power Plant Works
  4. 4. Natural Gas <ul><li>Fossil fuel </li></ul><ul><li>Found in deep underground reservoirs formed by porous rock </li></ul><ul><li>Formed millions of years ago from buried phytoplankton and zooplankton </li></ul><ul><li>Mostly methane – CH 4 </li></ul><ul><li>85% produced domestically </li></ul>
  5. 5. LNG – l iquefied n atural g as <ul><li>Natural gas cooled to liquid state at -260 o F </li></ul><ul><li>Reduces volume </li></ul><ul><li>Can be economically shipped worldwide </li></ul><ul><li>Warmed to gas state and distributed to homes and businesses through pipes </li></ul><ul><li>Used in U.S. since 1912 </li></ul>
  6. 7. Broadwater <ul><li>Company owned by TransCanada Corp. and Shell Oil </li></ul><ul><li>Plans to build f loating s torage r egasification u nit (FSRU) in LIS </li></ul><ul><li>Would receive LNG shipments 2 – 3 times per week through the Race </li></ul><ul><li>LNG stored and warmed to gas state for distribution </li></ul><ul><li>Natural gas sent through </li></ul><ul><li>Iroquois Pipeline </li></ul>lng tanker
  7. 8. Floating Storage Regasification Unit FSRU <ul><li>Ship-like vessel </li></ul><ul><li>Moored in LIS </li></ul><ul><li>1,200 feet long </li></ul><ul><li>180 feet wide </li></ul><ul><li>75 to 80 feet </li></ul><ul><li>above water </li></ul>
  8. 9. Typical LNG import terminal. Broadwater would have all components on FSRU.
  9. 10. <ul><ul><li>In New York waters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>9 miles north of Shoreham, NY </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>10 miles south of CT shoreline </li></ul></ul>
  10. 11. Floating Storage Regasification Unit FSRU <ul><li>Moored to bottom of LIS </li></ul><ul><li>Can rotate depending on currents and winds </li></ul>
  11. 12. Benefits - ECONOMIC <ul><li>Additional natural gas supply </li></ul><ul><li>$300 per year energy savings for median household </li></ul><ul><li>$1.2 billion annual economic benefit on commercial sector </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Direct energy cost savings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Economic stimulus </li></ul></ul><ul><li>122 construction jobs, 95 permanent jobs in NYS </li></ul><ul><li>Tax benefits </li></ul>from www.broadwaterenergy.com
  12. 13. Benefits - ENVIRONMENTAL <ul><li>Fewer environmental impacts than other alternatives considered </li></ul><ul><li>Would not impact sensitive onshore or near shore resources </li></ul><ul><li>Natural gas is a “cleaner” fuel than oil and coal – fewer atmospheric pollutants </li></ul>from www.broadwaterenergy.com
  13. 14. Problems <ul><li>LIS declared by U.S. Congress an </li></ul><ul><li>“ Estuary of National Significance” – </li></ul><ul><li>part of National Estuary Program – to improve LIS </li></ul><ul><li>LIS is biologically, economically and recreationally important </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Commercial and recreational fishing - $1.2 billion/year </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other recreational uses - $5 billion/year </li></ul></ul><ul><li>NY and CT coastlines densely </li></ul><ul><li>populated </li></ul><ul><li>FSRU and mooring are </li></ul><ul><li>the first of </li></ul><ul><li>its kind worldwide </li></ul>
  14. 15. Problems – PUBLIC ACCESS <ul><li>“ No public access zone” around FSRU – 1.5 sq. miles </li></ul><ul><li>“ No public access zone” around tankers – 2 miles in front, 1 mile in back, 750 yds. on sides </li></ul><ul><li>These parts of LIS no longer available for public use – fishing, sailing, </li></ul><ul><li>boating, canoeing, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Armed escort and patrol </li></ul><ul><li>boats </li></ul>
  15. 16. Problems - ENVIRONMENTAL <ul><li>Excavation for pipeline and mooring will destroy benthic communities </li></ul><ul><li>Creates sediment plumes, </li></ul><ul><li>stir up toxic contaminants </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shade phytoplankton </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clog suspension feeders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disrupt local food webs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tankers may bring more </li></ul><ul><li>invasive species – in ballast </li></ul><ul><li>water, or boat hulls and </li></ul><ul><li>gear </li></ul>from The Nature Conservancy
  16. 17. Problems - ENVIRONMENTAL <ul><li>Tankers may collide with rare and endangered sea turtles and marine mammals </li></ul><ul><li>Potential leakage of fuel – toxic contaminants </li></ul><ul><li>FSRU and tankers will take in 28.2 million gallons of LIS water per day for vaporization process and cooling – entrainment of fish larvae and other meroplankton, phytoplankton and zooplankton </li></ul>harbor seals green turtle Winter flounder larvae from The Nature Conservancy
  17. 18. Problems - ENVIRONMENTAL <ul><li>Construction noise may be lethal or damaging to fish and marine mammals </li></ul><ul><li>Lighting may impact birds and other organisms </li></ul><ul><li>Other necessary infrastructure may destroy habitat or degrade air and water quality – including on land </li></ul>from The Nature Conservancy
  18. 19. Problems - AESTHETIC <ul><li>Will be permanently visible from land </li></ul><ul><li>Broadwater says this is minor </li></ul>FSRU view from Wading River before view from Wading River after
  19. 20. Problems - AESTHETIC view from Mt. Sinai before view from Mt. Sinai after FSRU
  20. 21. Problems - SAFETY <ul><li>99% probability of tropical storm or hurricane in next 50 years </li></ul><ul><li>26% probability of major (category 3 or >) hurricane in next 50 years </li></ul><ul><li>Insurance companies have </li></ul><ul><li>cancelled many LI home </li></ul><ul><li>owners insurance policies </li></ul><ul><li>What damage would major </li></ul><ul><li>storm do? </li></ul>
  21. 22. Problems – SAFETY Fires and Explosions <ul><li>LNG is flammable in gas form if mixed with O 2 </li></ul><ul><li>pool fires - vaporized gas ignites </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cannot be controlled </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Burns until all fuel used up </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tanker fire </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>– Melt steel from 1,300 ft., 2 nd degree burn from 1 mi. away </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Minimum safe distance from tanker = 7 miles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tankers through Race within 1 mile of N. Fork </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Would kill organisms and deprive water of D.O. </li></ul><ul><li>flammable vapor clouds – vapor travels and then ignites </li></ul>
  22. 23. Problems – SAFETY Spills and Terrorism <ul><li>From tankers or during offloading </li></ul><ul><li>Can ignite </li></ul><ul><li>Can kill organisms even if does not ignite </li></ul><ul><li>Potentially major terrorist target – major damage </li></ul>
  23. 24. Environmental Impact Statement <ul><li>Document prepared by Federal Energy Regulatory Commission to assess environmental damage caused by project </li></ul><ul><li>Required by Federal law </li></ul><ul><li>Basis for providing permits for project to be built </li></ul><ul><li>Envir. organizations say it is incomplete – does not address all issues </li></ul>
  24. 25. Public Hearings <ul><li>To get public opinion on project </li></ul><ul><li>Some people support project – bring jobs and economic benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Some people against project – environmental concerns </li></ul><ul><li>All of LI Congressional delegation (except one Congressman) against project </li></ul>
  25. 26. Current Status <ul><li>Approved by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission – early spring 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Rejected by NY Governor Paterson – early April 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Broadwater appealed to U.S. Department of Commerce to have LNG facility built in “U.S. national interest” – late April 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Appeal denied – early April 2009 </li></ul>
  26. 27. What do you think?

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