The British Conquest of North America• Fighting broke out between Britain and France to control the Ohio Valley in 1754 – This was along the western boundary of the Thirteen Colonies• This dispute turned into a fight for the whole continent• By 1756 the fight had gone global and nine European countries had chosen sides• In 1760 Britain seized control of Quebec• Britain also took control of the French colony of Guadeloupe in the Caribbean
Treaty of Paris• The war ended in 1763 with the signing of the Treaty of Paris• The treaty allowed France to keep the colony of Guadeloupe and a small base in North America – The islands of Saint-Pierre and Miquelon• In the treaty they also gave up its other claims in North America to Britain and Spain
History Happens• Read “It Only Lasted an Hour” on page 156• Read “The Battle of the Plains of Abraham” on page 157. – Answer questions 1 and 2
Britain’s Victory: Change and Challenge• The Treaty of Paris was signed in order to end the Seven Year War• France had to give up almost all of its claims to North America under the Treaty of Paris• In the negotiations for the Treaty of Paris, France made Britain guarantee that they wouldn’t retaliate against any of the French allies• They also made sure that the people of New France would still be able to practice their religion
The Visit from Pontiac• Pontiac was the leader of the Odawa• The Odawa were part of the Anishinabe nation and were a long time ally of the French• He spread word from village to village trying to get people of the First nations to join together and fight the British.• His reasoning was to try to maintain their claim to the land which they believed was left to them by their ancestors.
The Last Governor of New France• The last governor of New France was Pierre de Rigaud de Vaudreuil de Cavagnial• He was forced to give up New France in the negotiations in the Treaty of Paris• He was the one who surrendered to the British in 1760• He surrendered because he felt France couldn’t win, and that the population had already suffered enough• Vaudreuil was arrested for surrendering and spent several weeks in prison• France withdrew from New France, but the Canadiens remained because that was their home