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In the beginning


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In the beginning

  1. 1. IN THE BEGINNING…. CLASS ONE OF THREE Our Lady of the Presentation Parish Mary Pat Storms June 18, 2013
  2. 2. Today’s Overview 1 • What is the Torah? 2 • How Catholics read Scripture 3 • The Book of Genesis
  4. 4. The First Five Books of the Old Testament • • • • • Genesis Exodus Leviticus Numbers Deuteronomy Collectively known as: The Torah The Pentateuch
  5. 5. The Torah in the Jewish Tradition • The Torah or “teaching” is the foundation of the Jewish faith. • The rest of the Hebrew Scriptures flow from the Torah. • Without the Torah, without the laws, there would be no story to tell of God’s chosen people. • Jewish scholars and rabbis study the Torah wordby-word; their interpretations and insights are recorded in the Talmud.
  6. 6. Genesis Creation and stories of primeval times. Ancestors in faith.
  7. 7. Exodus Stories of Moses, deliverance of the Hebrew People and the Law (10 Commandments.)
  8. 8. Leviticus Be holy as God is holy. Laws related to sacrifice, priests and religious feasts.
  9. 9. Numbers More laws; wanderings in the desert on the way to Promised Land. Repeated unfaithfulness increases period of wandering.
  10. 10. Deuteronomy The “second law.” Moses farewell at the borders of the Promised Land.
  11. 11. The Torah/Pentateuch is the foundation for all of Scripture: these five books are meant to be read as a whole. They tell the story of God’s plan for all humans.
  13. 13. Studying Scripture  Historical Approach  Theological Approach  Inspirational Approach
  14. 14. Studying Scripture  Historical Approach The Scriptures were not intended to be an historical record, but do have historical value.
  15. 15. Studying Scripture Theological Approach: What does the Bible say about a specific issue of doctrine or theology? Importance of reading as a whole.
  16. 16. Studying Scripture Inspirational Approach: How can the Scriptures help me see the face of God and know his will for my life? Baptism empowers us to study Scripture in this way.
  17. 17. Dei Verbum How Catholics read and interpret Scripture: • For meaning • In context of entire Canon and Tradition of the Church • In view of the universe Exegesis: critical, scholarly examination of a passage of the Bible to explain meaning. Hermeneutics: using exegesis to ask what the text means for us today.
  18. 18. Catholics and Fundamentalists Catholic Interpretation • The Bible is God’s word written by humans. • Scripture and Tradition • Historical perspective is necessary for interpretation. • Accepts scientific-critical methods of interpretation • Read in context of Church and community of faith in all centuries Fundamentalist Interpretation • The Bible is God’s word. • Scripture alone (Sola Scriptura) • Historical perspective is unnecessary. • Rejects scientific-critical methods of interpretation • Read individually and personally.
  19. 19. GENESIS
  20. 20. Oral and written tradition J: Yahwist POET Storyteller E: Elohist PROPHET Challenger P: Priestly PRIEST Legislator D: Deuteronomist PARENTS Exhorter 10 or 9 century BC Love stories: God and his people Earthy language after 900 BC Stresses the role of the prophet Stress on morality Covenant is more important than kings 8 and 7 century BC Strong on ritual God is distant Permanence of God’s covenant Formal style of writing Arranged stories around 500 BC 8 and 7 century BC Role of family, very moralistic eloquent
  21. 21. 10 Themes of Genesis • • • • • • • • • • God created a world that is GOOD God has blessed humans; they are GOOD Humans tend to sin But, God loves them anyway and shows mercy God keeps his promises The covenant binds humans and God The Law is an expression of this covenant Worship is praise; praise is thanksgiving. We live in community because God wants us to do so. God directs all of history.
  22. 22. Lessons from Genesis • All of our lives are part of God’s plan; we can know and live this plan. • Prayer and daily life are guided by the same vision. • God is God; we are not. • Humans should try to be holy like God. • If we are holy, we must forgive and show compassion. • Life is a journey. • This journey requires trust in God. • We are from the earth. The Promised Land is our heritage. • Our faith begins in our homes. • Fill your life with prayer.
  23. 23. An Outline of Genesis • Preamble. The Creation of the World (1:1–2:3) • I. The Story of the Nations (2:4–11:26) – The Creation of the Man and the Woman, Their Offspring, and the Spread of Civilization (2:4–4:26) – The Pre-flood Generations (5:1–6:8) – The Flood and the Renewed Blessing (6:9–9:29) – The Populating of the World and Babel (10:1–11:9) – The Genealogy from Shem to Terah (11:10–26) • II. The Story of the Ancestors of Israel (11:27–50:26) – The Story of Abraham and Sarah (11:27–25:18) – The Story of Isaac and Jacob (25:19–36:43) – The Story of Joseph (37:1–50:26)
  24. 24. Genesis Part I: Primeval History • Creation • Sin • Evil overwhelms the world; God begins again
  25. 25. Genesis Part 2: Family History The Patriarchs – Abraham – Isaac – Jacob – Joseph The Matriarchs – Sarah – Rebekah – Rachel, Leah , Bilhah, Zilp ah
  26. 26. Creation And God saw it was good… • Heavens: light and darkness are separated • Waters above and below are separated • Land and water are separated; vegetation • Sun, moon and stars • Birds and fish • Animals and humans Adam and Eve • Garden is a place for humans to work • Man names animals • Woman is created as a helpmate, a partner • Cultivate and care for creation • Blessing of relationship between male and female that leads to creation of more humans.
  27. 27. Sin Adam and Eve • Tree of good and evil • Free will • Sin of disobedience • Cast out of “garden.” Cain and Abel • Farmer and herder • Nomads v. settlers • fratricide God continues to bless the people: Genesis 4 and 5 list the 10 patriarchs before Noah.
  28. 28. Sin and Blessing • Noah and the flood • Tower of Babel God continues to bless the people: Genesis 9 and 10 list all the nations of ancient Israel.
  29. 29. Abram • Nomad – Concubine Hagar – son Ishmael – Wife, Sarai – childless – After Sarah’s death, remarries and has six sons. Covenant Land of your own Descendants that number as the stars
  30. 30. Abraham’s Journeys
  31. 31. Abraham and Sarah Abraham is a descendant of Noah. Lot is his nephew. Hagar is banished with her son, Ishmael, after Sarah gives birth to Isaac Isaac is wed to Rebekah (at the well)
  32. 32. Isaac and Rebekah • Isaac is “red-headed.” – Twin sons: Esau (hunter) and Jacob (herder) – Jacob steals his brother’s birthright • Rebekah sends him to her brother, Laban.
  33. 33. Jacob/Israel • Jacob works for Laban – Seven years for bride • Leah • Rachel - Twelve sons, one daughter - Wrestles an angel – becomes Israel
  34. 34. Jacob’s Journeys
  35. 35. Children of Jacob
  36. 36. Some lessons from Genesis • God works through women, the lowly, the imperfect. • Because of their relationship with God, people become better people and are able to achieve great things in God’s name. • Working through ordinary people, God’s plan is revealed.
  37. 37. QUESTIONS?
  38. 38. Class Two Overview:Exodus 1 • Moses, Pharoah, Aaron and Miriam 2 • Liberation and Freedom 3 • The Law at Sinai