01-United States Utility Patents: Introductions and Orientation

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01-United States Utility Patents: Introductions and Orientation

  1. 1. United States Utility Patents: Introductions and Orientation Kristine H. Johnson MacMillan, Sobanski & Todd, LLC [email_address]
  2. 2. Welcome! <ul><li>Please always feel free to ask me </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To slow down </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To repeat information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To explain more about a subject </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To be louder (or quieter!) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To take a break </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To address your interests </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Topical Orientation <ul><li>This presentation covers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>United States patents - practical & legal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Utility patent law </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Obtaining utility patents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some enforcement of utility patents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No licensing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Brief comments on utility patent interface with other US and worldwide intellectual property </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Geographical Orientation  USPTO  Cornell  Kristi
  5. 5. Geographical Orientation United States Patent & Trademark Office in Alexandria, Virginia
  6. 6. Historical Orientation – US Patents <ul><li>1641 Mass. court grants patent for salt making </li></ul><ul><li>1776 US Constitution enacted </li></ul><ul><li>1790 first US Patent Act enacted </li></ul><ul><li>1836 Patent Office formed </li></ul><ul><li>1887 US joins Paris Convention </li></ul><ul><li>1968 US signs Patent Cooperation Treaty </li></ul><ul><li>1995 US signs Uruguay Round Agreements Act </li></ul>The US is a baby compared to Korea!
  7. 7. Patent-Related “Checks and Balances” <ul><li>Executive </li></ul><ul><li>Legislative </li></ul><ul><li>Judicial </li></ul>
  8. 8. Executive Branch 2010 <ul><li>President (Barack Obama) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Secretary of Commerce (Gary Locke) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Director of Patents (David Kappos) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Commiss’r of Patents (Robert Stoll) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Deputy Comm’r (Magaret Focarino) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>-- Examiners (hierarchy) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>David Kappos
  9. 9. Legislative Branch <ul><li>Founders ; Constitution (Article I, § 8, clause 8 ) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>House and Senate ; Statutes (35 USC) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Patent Office, with Public Comment ; Regulations (37 CFR, chapter 1) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Patent Office Only (Manual of Patent Examining Procedure “MPEP”) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Judicial Branch <ul><li>Supreme Court (D.C.) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit (D.C.) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. Federal District Courts (11 districts) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. US Federal Judicial Districts
  12. 12. Patent Service Industry <ul><li>Searchers </li></ul><ul><li>Artists (Draftsmen) </li></ul><ul><li>Sequence Listing Experts </li></ul><ul><li>Preparers (Patent Agents & Attorneys) </li></ul><ul><li>Maintenance Fee Docketers/Payers </li></ul><ul><li>Enforcers (Litigation Attorneys) </li></ul>
  13. 13. Patents <ul><li>A patent is issued by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office </li></ul><ul><li>A patent provides the patent owner with the exclusive right to exclude others from making , using , offering for sale , selling or importing an invention </li></ul><ul><li>A patent has a term of up to 20 years </li></ul>
  14. 14. Patent Types <ul><li>Utility : a process, machine, product or composition of matter (e.g., combination toaster and microwave) </li></ul><ul><li>Design : an ornamental design for a product (e.g., Apple iPod) </li></ul><ul><li>Plant : new varieties of plants (e.g., Hawaiian Volcano Plant) </li></ul>
  15. 15. Questions? Please Ask! Thank you to Ms. Jenna Cogswell at MST who helped prepare these slides Contact us at [email_address] or 419.255.5900 for permission to use these slides, or to ask questions. We are happy to let others use these slides, but we would like to know who they helped!

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