Temperance Movement


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Temperance Movement

  1. 1. The Temperance Movement was made up of people who wanted other people to reduce the amount of alcohol they drank. They also wanted the government to prohibit (not allow) the use of alcoholic beverages. They criticized too much alcohol being used, and wanted others to completely abstain from (not use) using alcohol. This was called being a teetotaler WHY did people support it???: People thought many poor men were would spend most or all of their pay in saloons on alcohol. The thought was this left nothing for their wife and family to live on for the rest of the week. People were also concerned about the sickliness brought on by drinking alcohol. There was also concern about violence committed by drunk men on their wives and children. Business owners supported the temperance movement because they didn't want their workers to be drunk while they were supposed to be working.
  2. 2. Carry Nation, A famous Temperance supporter who went into saloons and broke things up.
  3. 3. 1. Composed of groups opposed to the making and consuming of alcohol
  4. 4. People confiscating (taking ) illegally made alcohol, and the still used to make it. These are government police agents who will destroy all you see in the picture. Supported the 18th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution that would prohibit (NOT ALLOW) the manufacture, sale, and transport of alcoholic beverages
  5. 5. Text for 18th Amendment “ AMENDMENT XVIII Passed by Congress December 18, 1917. Ratified January 16, 1919. Repealed by amendment 21. Section 1. After one year from the ratification of this article the manufacture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors within, the importation thereof into, or the exportation thereof from the United States and all territory subject to the jurisdiction thereof for beverage purposes is hereby prohibited. Section 2. The Congress and the several States shall have concurrent power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation. (Change FBI) Section 3. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures of the several States, as provided in the Constitution, within seven years from the date of the submission hereof to the States by the Congress. ”
  6. 6. Reactions to the 18th Amendment were both expected and unexpected
  7. 7. Expected Legitimate businesses stopped selling alcoholic beverages to their customers…
  8. 8. Alcoholism declined during this time…
  9. 9. …Police and government agents were in charge of enforcing the new law Change in purpose of the FBI
  10. 10. Unexpected People made their own alcoholic beverages
  11. 11. …Gangsters, such as Al Capone, made a fortune by providing alcohol that was smuggled in from Canada and the Caribbean
  12. 12. …Illegal clubs called speakeasies were established to sneak alcohol to customers
  13. 13. Explain or describe this cartoon
  14. 14. Temperance Document
  15. 15. Resources For The Advanced Student (Pssst… You are ALL as advanced as you want to be.) Click on the pictures to get to the sites.