Assignment 4


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Assignment 4

  1. 1. The Death Penalty One of the major debates in Society today is whether or not the death penalty should be instilled. ハ The roots of this controversy date back to the code of King Hammurabi, (Eighteenth Century B.C) which codified the death penalty for 25 different crimes.
  2. 2. What is the death Penalty? <ul><li>The Death Penalty is a sentence carried out by the judicial process to serve as retribution for those convicted of the most heinous crimes. Treason, espionage, murder, and big time drug trafficking are reasons for this penalty to occur. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Is The Death Penalty Legal? <ul><li>In 1972 United States Supreme Court ruled the death penalty statues were unconstitutional because they allowed for arbitrary and capricious application. The federal death penalty was reenacted in 1988 because of murders committed in the course of drug trafficking affairs. The Federal Death Penalty act of 1994 states that every homicide occurring with federal jurisdiction is now death-eligible. This act also states that people will be penalized for 60 different offenses. These offenses fall into three different categories: homicide offenses, espionage and treason and non-homicidal narcotics offenses. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Arguments Against the Death Penalty <ul><li>America is such a diverse country with many different thoughts. W e as a society have to move away from the メ e ye for an eye モ revenge mentality if civilization is to advance. It sends the wrong message: ハ why kill people if we believe that killing is wrong. モ This argument is against death penalty. Allowing the government the power of life and death is wrong. This cruel punishment goes against the 8 th amendment in the constitution. ハ America is approving that violence is ok and two wrongs make a right. People can argue that America ユ s laws are contradicting because America is actually using a murder, to punish someone who convicted a murder.. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Arguments Continued <ul><li>Another argument against the death penalty is, ハ メ The possibility exists that innocent men and women may be put to death. モ Throughout American history there were some cases that DNA testing showed that innocent people were put to death by the government. It is said that 10 guilty people should not get the death penalty rather if one innocent person is wrongly put to death. There are risks that can lead to mistakes. The death Penalty should not be executing innocent people </li></ul>
  6. 6. Arguments for the Death Penalty <ul><li>The argument for the death penalty is better for society because executing murderers, saves innocent lives. If a person receives jail time for killing someone, what is going to prevent this person from killing someone else when this person gets out of jail? What if this person kills inmates and security guards? If this person is sentenced to life, he does not have a punishment because he knows that he is going to be put in jail for the murder of the inmates and security guard. The punishment is not harsh, if the punishment was death, people would be more scared to kill others. If every murderer who killed someone died instantly, the homicide rate would be much lower because no one likes to die. If people are given a second chance and tend to mess up its not only one innocent person its two innocent people. </li></ul>
  7. 7. States against death penalty <ul><li>Fifteen states are against the death penalty. Theses states have lower murder rates then the thirty- five states that allow the death penalty. In the past decade, the number of executions increased in the U.S while the murder rate has decreased. </li></ul>
  8. 8. An expensive process <ul><li>The death penalty is a very expensive process. ハ Nationally, since 1976 1 billion dollars was spent on the death penalty. States that have the death penalty spend about four times as much money per execution on it. as states that don ユ t have this penalty. The local governments of states that have the death penalty are getting crushed financially. It is the local governments responsiblilty for the costs of prosecution and criminal trials. I n Lincoln County, Georgia, citizens have had to face repeated tax increases just to fund one capital case モ . C alifornia, for example, was spending $10 million a year reimbursing counties for expert witnesses, investigators and other death-penalty defense costs, plus $2 million more to help pay for the overall cost of murder trials in smaller counties. モ メ I n Sierra County, California, authorities had to cut police services in 1988 to pick up the tab of pursuing death penalty prosecutions. モ I n some counties, necessities are not taken care of because the county has to pay for executions. T he sewage system at the courthouse is failing, a bridge collapsed, there's no county library, no county park, and we have volunteer fire and volunteer search and rescue.&quot; </li></ul>