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What have we learned?
He put down $10.00 at the window. The woman behind the
window gave him $4.00. The person next to him gave him $3.00,
but h...
He put down $10.00 at the window. The woman behind the window gave
$4.00. The person next to him gave him $3.00, but he ga...
Six years after the fact, Dr. Paul Edward Farmer reminded me, “We met
because of a beheading, of all things.” – lead in Mo...
Chapter 1: No One Noticed
Focus: Pre-reading & Summarizing (Understand)
Word Definition w/o
Context
Definition w/
Context
...
Chapter 2: All Was Not Right
Focus: Questioning the text
Word Definition w/o
Context
Definition w/
Context
bile
baffled
Ch...
In all respects it seemed as if August 3 was a very normal day, with
business and buying and pleasure as usual. Oh, there ...
In all respects it seemed as if August 3 was a very normal day, with
business and buying and pleasure as usual. Oh, there ...
Chapter 3: Church Bells Toiling
Focus: Reading for Evidence
Word Definition w/o
Context
Definition w/
Context
hearses
feti...
“I remember how many cords of firewood I carried and how the wash
water by my bed froze every night No, thank you, Madam, ...
“I remember how many cords of firewood I carried and how the wash
water by my bed froze every night No, thank you, Madam, ...
Chapter 4: Confusion, Distress, and Utter Desolation
Focus: Reading for main idea and details
Word Definition w/o
Context
...
Chapter 5: “It Was Our Duty”
Focus: Reading for main idea & supporting detail
Word Definition w/o
Context
Definition w/
Co...
Chapter 6: The Prince of Bleeders
Focus: Questioning as we read
Word Definition w/o
Context
Definition w/
Context
induce
r...
Chapter 7: “By Twelve Only”
Focus: Reading for evidence
Word Definition w/o
Context
Definition w/
Context
drastic
humid
Ch...
Chapter 8: “This Unmerciful Enemy”
Focus: Reading for main idea & supporting detail
(summative)
Word Definition w/o
Contex...
Chapter 9: “A Delicate Situation”
Focus: Outlining for Understanding
Word Definition w/o
Context
Definition w/
Context
sti...
Chapter 10: Improvements and the Public Gratitude
Focus: Questioning (Summative)
Word Definition w/o
Context
Definition w/...
Chapter 11: “A Modern –Day Time Bomb”
Focus: Reading for evidence (Summative)
Word Definition w/o
Context
Definition w/
Co...
Fevers, Plagues, and Mosquitoes
Fevers, Plagues, and Mosquitoes
Fevers, Plagues, and Mosquitoes
Fevers, Plagues, and Mosquitoes
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Fevers, Plagues, and Mosquitoes

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A powerpoint that focuses on the skill of inferring--both when reading individual words and whole sentences and paragraphs. It is based on a pairing of Fever 1793 and An American Plague.

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Fevers, Plagues, and Mosquitoes

  1. 1. What have we learned?
  2. 2. He put down $10.00 at the window. The woman behind the window gave him $4.00. The person next to him gave him $3.00, but he gave it back to her. So, when they went inside, she bought him a large bag of popcorn.
  3. 3. He put down $10.00 at the window. The woman behind the window gave $4.00. The person next to him gave him $3.00, but he gave it back to her. So, when they went inside, she bought him a large bag of popcorn. 1. This pronoun has no antecedent, but perhaps he’s a main character. 1. Recognize antecedents for pronouns. (1,4,7,8) 2. Figure out the meaning of unknown words from context clues. 3. Gave explanation for events (5,9) 4. Understand characters’ relationships to each other. (5,6) 5. Decide where this is taking place. (2,3,9) 6. Use my own knowledge of the world to provide details. (9, 10) 2. Hmmm, could she work at a bank or a theater? 3. So something cost $6. A ticket? 4. This has got to be the “he” that gave $10. 5. I think the person next to “him” is trying to pay their own way. 7. This must be “the person standing next to him.” 8. This is the “he” at the window and “the person next to him” who is a woman. 6. Maybe they’re on their first date if she’s trying to pay him back? Or they’re just friends? 9. Ah…they’re at the movies. I think she doesn’t want him to pay for everything 10. The tickets don’t cost much, so this must be a long time ago.
  4. 4. Six years after the fact, Dr. Paul Edward Farmer reminded me, “We met because of a beheading, of all things.” – lead in Mountains Beyond Mountains Something (the beheading) happened 6 years ago. What happened 6 years ago? What kind of doctor is Farmer? Me. The writer? The narrator? Both? Farmer and “me”What countries have beheadings? Is this in the past or the future? Things refers to ways one could meet. A beheading is not very likely.
  5. 5. Chapter 1: No One Noticed Focus: Pre-reading & Summarizing (Understand) Word Definition w/o Context Definition w/ Context unrelenting federal Challenge: Write this quote in your own words About this time, this destroying scourge, the malignant fever, crept in among us. Washington was then president of the United States, and Philadelphia was the temporary capital of the young nation and the center of its federal government. The sun came up, as it had every day since the end of May, bright, hot, and unrelenting.
  6. 6. Chapter 2: All Was Not Right Focus: Questioning the text Word Definition w/o Context Definition w/ Context bile baffled Challenge: Write this quote in your own words 8 or 10 persons buried out of Water St. between Race and Arch Sts.; many sick in our neighborhood and in ye City generally. Rush was forty-seven years old and so highly respected that he was often called in by colleagues when they were baffled by a case. Every ten minutes or so her moaning would stop abruptly and she would vomit a foul black bile
  7. 7. In all respects it seemed as if August 3 was a very normal day, with business and buying and pleasure as usual. Oh, there were those who felt a tingle of unease. For weeks an unusually large supply of wild pigeons had been for sale at the market. Popular folklore suggested that such an abundance of pigeons always brought with it unhealthy air and sickness. Dr. Rush had no time for such silly notions, but he, too, sensed that something odd was happening.
  8. 8. In all respects it seemed as if August 3 was a very normal day, with business and buying and pleasure as usual. Oh, there were those who felt a tingle of unease. For weeks an unusually large supply of wild pigeons had been for sale at the market. Popular folklore suggested that such an abundance of pigeons always brought with it unhealthy air and sickness. Dr. Rush had no time for such silly notions, but he, too, sensed that something odd was happening. 2. So most days were full of business, buying, and pleasure. 1. The fact that it “seemed” normal implies that it might not be a normal day. 3. Those refers to unnamed people. 4. Even though it seemed normal, some people thought something strange might be going on. 5. The text is linking this unease to the unusually large supply of wild pigeons for sale. 6. This explains why people would feel uneasy. 7. Perhaps they believed this because they saw an actual connection between more pigeons and sickness. Parasites? 8. He either was a busy man or just didn’t believe in such foolishness. 9. This makes me think that Dr. Rush just thought the folklore was foolish. 10. He is doctor Rush. 11. “Something odd” More sicknesses than usual? What?
  9. 9. Chapter 3: Church Bells Toiling Focus: Reading for Evidence Word Definition w/o Context Definition w/ Context hearses fetid Challenge: Write this quote in your own words From house to house the dread contagion flew, And on its way a num’rous train hath slew! When the list was published on Tuesday, the blazing sun had reappeared, and fetid, warm air once again choked the city. Judge William Lewis saw house after house in his neighborhood abandoned, saw the streets empty, saw the hearses constantly passing his home, and fled.
  10. 10. “I remember how many cords of firewood I carried and how the wash water by my bed froze every night No, thank you, Madam, I’d rather a warm day than a cold one. My bones ache at the thought of another frost. Have you seen my pipe?” From Fever
  11. 11. “I remember how many cords of firewood I carried and how the wash water by my bed froze every night No, thank you, Madam, I’d rather a warm day than a cold one. My bones ache at the thought of another frost. Have you seen my pipe?” From Fever Could be Grandpa, mom, or Matilda. Now I know it’s Grandpa. A cord must be a measurement of firewood. No heat in bedrooms. Person is talking to Mom or Matilda. Bones aching would usually refer to an older person. So Mom or Grandpa Changes the subject because he’s finished talking about the weather. Thinking back to the past. You, person “I” is talking to.
  12. 12. Chapter 4: Confusion, Distress, and Utter Desolation Focus: Reading for main idea and details Word Definition w/o Context Definition w/ Context consternation convene Challenge: Write this quote in your own words In fact, government of every kind was almost wholly vacated. Many people, Thomas Jefferson and future president James Madison included, felt that Washington could not legally convene Congress anywhere but in the city limits of Philadelphia. Nearly everyone, Washington observed with consternation and annoyance, had “matters of private concernment which required them to be absent.”
  13. 13. Chapter 5: “It Was Our Duty” Focus: Reading for main idea & supporting detail Word Definition w/o Context Definition w/ Context huddled understatement Challenge: Write this quote in your own words The Lord was pleased to strengthen us, and remove all fear from us, and disposed out hearts to be as useful as possible. To say that Clarkson was grateful for their aid is an understatement; everyone else the mayor had counted on to help battle the spreading fever—leaders in the business community, church groups, elected representatives, and civil servants—had fled in terror. Jones and Allen went together and immediately discovered a house in tiny Emsley’s Alley where the mother was already dead, the father was dying, and two small children huddled together, frightened and hungry.
  14. 14. Chapter 6: The Prince of Bleeders Focus: Questioning as we read Word Definition w/o Context Definition w/ Context induce recollect Challenge: Write this quote in your own words In this awful situation, the stoutest hearts began to fail. Hope flickered, and despair succeeded distress in almost every countenance. In a letter to his Julia, Rush’s anguish is clear: You can recollect how much the loss of a single patient in a month used to affect me. Judge then how I must feel, in hearing every morning of the death of three or four! If a doctor suspected a patient’s intestines were blocked, he might use a few drops of a poisonous substance to induce vomiting and diarrhea.
  15. 15. Chapter 7: “By Twelve Only” Focus: Reading for evidence Word Definition w/o Context Definition w/ Context drastic humid Challenge: Write this quote in your own words Ye unfeeling savages! Ye monsters in the shape of men! Remember that your judge will probably, one day, say to you, “I was a stranger and ye took me not in, depart from me ye workers of iniquity.” As a hot, humid September limped along, the death rate in the city leaped to over sixty a day, and more and more wretchedly ill people were shipped off to Bush Hill, often in the final stages of sickness. That is why the mayor and a small group of citizens had taken the drastic and illegal step of calling for the formation of a special committee to run Philadelphia.
  16. 16. Chapter 8: “This Unmerciful Enemy” Focus: Reading for main idea & supporting detail (summative) Word Definition w/o Context Definition w/ Context reigned stench Challenge: Write this quote in your own words Death, mounted on his pale horse, seemed to ride triumphant; there was but a step between the people in the city and the tomb. Occasionally the stench of death would fill Helmuth’s nose and demand his attention. “Such a deep silence reigned in the streets [after nine o’clock],“ Helmuth wrote.
  17. 17. Chapter 9: “A Delicate Situation” Focus: Outlining for Understanding Word Definition w/o Context Definition w/ Context stickler fledgling Challenge: Write this quote in your own words It gives great pleasure to the Editor to hear, from every quarter of our City, that universal health prevails in a degree equal to any former period. This was the most important way he kept himself informed about the hundreds of things happening in the fledgling nation. Washington was a stickler for orderly files that he could search at a moment’s notice.
  18. 18. Chapter 10: Improvements and the Public Gratitude Focus: Questioning (Summative) Word Definition w/o Context Definition w/ Context grave hazard Challenge: Write this quote in your own words An ill name is easier given than taken away. To avoid repeating such an awkward and embarrassing situation, Congress passed a law giving the president power to call it into session outside of the nation’s capital when ever a grave hazard to life and health existed.
  19. 19. Chapter 11: “A Modern –Day Time Bomb” Focus: Reading for evidence (Summative) Word Definition w/o Context Definition w/ Context receded swamps Challenge: Write this quote in your own words For all of history and all over the glove she has been a nuisance, a pain, and an angel of death. In 1848 Dr. Josiah Nott in Alabama noticed that yellow fever receded after swamps were drained off to kill mosquito infections.

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