New vistas in learning and government

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How E-Learning can help to better Governance

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New vistas in learning and government

  1. 1. 1
  2. 2. Definitions of Social Media Social media “includes web-based and mobile technologies used to turn communication into interactive dialogue between organizations, communities, and individuals”. "a group of Internet-based applications that build on the ideological and technological foundations of Web2.0 and that allow the creation and exchange of user generated content.”
  3. 3. Social Media May Include Facebook Twitter Youtube Linkedin Flickr or Picassa  Blogs  E-Learning  Wikipedia  Google+  Myspace
  4. 4. Social Media Revolution  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0eUeL3n7fDs
  5. 5. Social Media Influencing World Politics  Barak Obama Elections  Arab Spring Awakening  AKP increasing Role in Turkish Politics vis a vis Army  Brazilian n Argentinian integration into World Economy  David & Ed Miliband in UK  Yingluck Shinawatra of Thailand
  6. 6. Facebook Profile, Like, Group, Event, Place 1. Barak Obama 2. Recep Tayep Ordogan 3. Manmohan Singh 4. Sheikh Mohammad Bin Maktoum 5. David Miliband 6. Julia Gillard 7. Imran Khan 8. Mian Shahbaz Sharif 9. Muna Abu Sulyman
  7. 7. Facebook  Subaktageen Saba  Pranay Gupte  Muhammad Sadiq  Sheikh Waqas Akram  Javaid Laghari  Amitabah Panday  Khushnood Lashari  Rashed Hossain  Farooq Awan  Rehan Allahwala  Muhammad Waseem Siddiqui  Raza Rumi  Khalid Bilal  MSAR  Amitabh Kant  Dolia Mogahead
  8. 8. Sajjad Saleem Hotiana 8
  9. 9. Twitter  Use of twitter in Disasters or Catastrophes  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GcAxIrXmu5k &feature=relmfu  Twitter for Public Personalities  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ylGnXObU7xc &feature=relmfu
  10. 10. Linkedin  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IzT3JVUGUz M
  11. 11. Youtube  Entertainment  News  Education 1. Finding Content 2. Uploading Content 3. Channels 4. Making Money
  12. 12. Google+  Search Engine  Images  Videos  Documents  Translate  Books  News  Scholar  Media  Docs  Groups  Calendar  Contacts  Chat
  13. 13. Flickr & Picasa  Flickr 51 M Users 6 B images  Picasa upto I GB
  14. 14. Digital Events  Webinars  Webcasting and Web Televisions  Prodcasts  Pre and Post Event Hypes  Conclusions and Follow up  Live Streaming on  Facebook  Twitter  Youtube  Flickr
  15. 15. Media in Digital Form  Newspapers  Magazines  Books  Presentations
  16. 16. What we can do with Social Media  Virtual face to face Contact with People.  Dissemination of Information.  Grievance's Redressal.  Get support & motivation  Organise & promote events  Integrate with other websites  An alternative to a website
  17. 17. What we can do with Social Media  Build relationships  Network with like-minded people  Drive traffic to our website(s)  Sell our ideas/products/services  Show our expertise  Monitor your brand awareness
  18. 18. Some Issues  We don’t have time  Internet expensive is too expensive  Do we need to have laptops/ipads to go digital  IT is too complicated  Privacy issues  Use of mobile internet n GPRS  Rural Telephony  Android applications  Easy Paisa and Mobile banking
  19. 19. Advantages of E-Learning  At par with the best institutions of the world  The World is Flat now  Reading Books Newspapers and Magazines  PDF Versions  Public data and presentations  Lectures and Podcasts available
  20. 20. Future Schools  http://www.ele.beaconhouse.net
  21. 21. Introduction: Education Today  1.4 billion Students Globally  1.23 Billion from nursery to High Schools  170 Million in Colleges and Universities  65.2 Million teachers  56 Million in Schools  9.2 Million in Colleges and Universities 23 Source: http://www.slideshare.net/cgreen/sloan-the-obviousness-of-open-policy
  22. 22. Introduction: Education in 2025  1/3of the world’s population (29.3%) is under 15.  170 million people enrolled in tertiary education  Projections it will peak at 273 million in 2025 “Accommodating the additional 103 million students would require more than four major universities (30,000 students) to open every week for the next fifteen year” Sir John Daniel 24 Source: http://www.slideshare.net/cgreen/sloan-the-obviousness-of-open-policy
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  24. 24. Currency of topic  Circuit and Electronic Edx Course of MIT 155,000 students from 162 countries, More than the MIT Alumni of 150 years.*  Coursera has 6 Million students in less than 2 years  Punjab Government launches e-learning program  Punjab Government will set up E- Libraries 26 * Source: Anant Aggarwal Ted Global talk 2013
  25. 25. 27
  26. 26. Currency of Topic 28
  27. 27. Currency of Topic 29
  28. 28. Statement of the Problem  Education around the world is witnessing the biggest change in our life by going digital  Are we ready in Pakistan for such a change? 30
  29. 29. Open Education Resources (OER)  Material used to support education that may be freely accessed, reused, modified and shared by anyone. Stephen Downes  Types includes - Open Courseware (OCW) - Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) - Learning Repositories 31
  30. 30. Open Course Ware OCW  Course materials like videos, syllabi, calendar, presentation, textbooks, simulations etc. created by universities and shared freely with the world via the internet.  University of Tubingen Germany 1999  MIT Opencourseware 2002  260 Universities offering 13,000 plus courses 32 Source: www.ocwconsortium.org
  31. 31. 33
  32. 32. Massive Open Online Courses MOOCs  Online Courses  Unlimited access, as many as 200 K  Open participation, no attendance  Provides video and readings, interactive material  Also provides online for a and community of students, teachers and Teaching Assistants  Much more interactive than OCW  Lot of Social Media usage  Student Meet ups 34 Source: Lewin, Tamar (20 February 2013). "Universities Abroad Join Partnerships on the Web". New York Times. Retrieved 6 March 2013.
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  34. 34. Khan Academy  2006  Salman Khan, A Bangladeshi living in California  MIT and Harvard  100,000 Exercises and 4000 micro lectures  10 M students monthly. 300 M lessons  Five times bigger presence on YouTube  By donations 36 Source: www.khanacademy.org
  35. 35. 37
  36. 36. Coursera  Launched in April 2012  Two Stanford Professor Andrew Ng and Daphane Koller  Now 108 Universities with 600 plus courses  Six Million plus participants  Now introducing Specializations  A content platform, Partner with top universities. Not an educational institution itself 38 Source: www.coursera.org
  37. 37. 39
  38. 38. Edx  MIT and Harvard Joint Initiative  US$ 30 M each initial contribution  140 Courses  32 Partner Institution form 15 countries 40 Source: www.edx.org
  39. 39. 41
  40. 40. MITx  2000 plus courses  146 Million visitors  1 Million hits per month  500,000 plus on translations  Bigger Alumni than the MIT Alumni itself 42 Source: ocw.mit.edu
  41. 41. 43
  42. 42. E-Learning Quran and Hadith www.asanquran.com www.quranexplorer.com www.tanzil.net www.millat.com
  43. 43. E-Learning Digital Books  www.scribd.com  www.4shared.com  http://203.128.31.71/article_search.jsp  http://beta.hec.gov.pk/InsideHEC/Divisions/eReforms/Digi talLibrary/Pages/Mainpage.aspx
  44. 44. E-Learning Sources Basic, Secondary Education & TVET  www.rehanschool.com  www.rehantraining.com  www.teletaleem.com
  45. 45. Schools and Colleges  www.eurekaelearning.com  www.blossoms.mit.edu
  46. 46. E-Learning Sources College Level  www.khanacademy.org  http://ocw.vu.edu.pk/Default.aspx
  47. 47. Famous Universities E Learning Courses  www.coursera.org  www.edx.org
  48. 48. Some Other Important Courses  www.udemy.com  www.openculture.com  www.ocwconsortium.com  www.academicearth.org
  49. 49. Making Money from Social Media  www.youtube.com  www.elance.com  www.fiver.com  www.odesk.com
  50. 50. Economics of MOOCs  Awarding certificates  Job placement services  Licensing of the courses by institutions  Donations  Other internet methods (ads, product placement etc) 52
  51. 51. Advantages  Affordability  Democratization and Globalization of Education  Rewinding pausing and watching at ones own convenience  Free Education at ones door step  Sharing development costs among institutions  Accessibility of resources previously unavailable to specific groups of people 53
  52. 52. Advantages  Freedom of access.  Saves time and effort for content development.  Co-creation empowers more collaboration and creativity.  No cost or low cost to students 54
  53. 53. Issues and Challenges  Making it feasible  Accreditation and acceptability  Adaption in local languages  Retaining Interest  Very few students complete the course  No standard quality control  Varying degrees of time dedicated 55
  54. 54. Pakistanis On MOOCs  About 20,000 students from Pakistan! (source: Evaluating Geographic Data in MOOCs)  Pakistani students have been there from the start  Pakistani students are famous!  Launching of Qalandar Shahbaz University of Management Sciences Karachi (QSUMS) 56 Source: Farooq Alam Presentation Feb 2014
  55. 55. Pakistan Milieu  Virtual University  MIT Blossoms  Rehan School  City Smart Schools  www.sabaq.pk  www.teletaaleem  Beacon House Education Learning Environment (ELE)  Elearn Punjab 57 Source: Saleem Ranjha presentation Feb, 22, 2014
  56. 56. International Perspective  Mexico, digital content for all students (K-12).  In Canada, All Provinces offer K-12 online learning.  According to European Union e-Learning Action Plan, IB Diploma Program is available online in 125 countries.  Hong Kong, Blended Learning Approach used  South Korea, there are National Virtual Schools from textbooks to digital content.  China digitized curriculum is available for K-58
  57. 57. Conti …  In Singapore, 100% of Secondary schools use online learning & teachers are trained in Blended Learning.  Thailand plans to distribute about 1.7 million tablet computers to students  In Jamaica, Government plans to equip thousands of students with tablet computers.  India needs 200,000 more schools and has decided to promote online learning for K-12 in 10 years. 59 Source: Punjab Information Technology Board Presentation Jan 2014
  58. 58. Punjab Elearn Project  Total beneficiaries 10 million Students from Class 6 to 12  Phase 1, Rs. 60 Million Initially 2.5 million in Class 9 & 10  Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry and Biology  Creating official repository of free online digitized textbooks augmented with;  Videos 4000  Animations 476  Simulations 369  Assessments 60 Source: www.elearn.punjab.gov.pk
  59. 59. 61
  60. 60. School 1 School 2 School 3 Secure Intranet Virtual Teacher for Teacher Training Application for virtual Training WebEx or Big Blue Button Learning Management Portal Home Users Implementations of eLearn.Punjab 62
  61. 61. Conclusion  Great Opportunities for Asia and African Societies  From brick and mortar to providing educational content  Will definitely change the educational setup  Reduce Geographical but may increase digital divide  It is there to stay 63
  62. 62. Recommendations  Accreditation and acceptance of such programs by HEC  Better connectivity  Laptops/tablets for students should have in-built programmes  Training of teachers and developers  Replication in all other provinces AJK, FATA and GB  Transition from E-Learning to M-Learning  E-Entrepreneurship 64
  63. 63. E-Governance moving to M-Governance 65
  64. 64. E- Governance Implies technology driven governance. application of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) delivering government services, exchange of information communication transactions, integration of various stand-alone systems and services between Government-to-Citizens (G2C), Government-to-Business(G2B), Government-to-Government( G2G) as well as back office processes and interactions within the entire government frame work.[1]
  65. 65. E-Governance Success Stories  Malaysia Mahathir Muhammad  Egypt  Estonia  United States  UAE
  66. 66. Introduction The World is Flat by Thomas L. Friedman NYT 68
  67. 67. Introduction  Rise of IT and Social Media  Mobile Banking  Impact on World Politics, Economy and Governance  The Traditional Government  Governments also changing and becoming more responsive and proactive  Do or Die 69
  68. 68. Issues of the Governance  Lack of transparency  Lack of trust  Corruption  Lack of proper feedback mechanism  Unreliable data 70
  69. 69. Objectives  Transparency in governance  Reducing corruption  Authenticity of data  Monitoring and evaluation of 71
  70. 70. Information Communication Technology (ICT) in Pakistan  English Language 50 Million 8th  Mobile phones 125 million 8th  Internet connections 30 million 15th  Facebook 10 million 25th  Twitter 1.5 million 20th  Linkedin 1.5 million 12th 72 Source: Global Information Technology Report, 2013 by World Economic Forum www.Socialbakers.com
  71. 71. Landmark IT Projects  NADRA  Higher Education Commission (HEC)  Web based One Customs (WBOC)  Land Revenue Management Information System (LRMIS)  Benazir Income Support Programme (BISP)  Jhang Model Citizen Feedback Model (CFM) 73
  72. 72. M-Government  Strategic use of government services, and applications using cell phone, laptops, PDAs and wireless internets  Availability of Government information and services “anytime anywhere”  Professor I. Kushchu Japan Mobile Government Consortium International (mGCI)  M-Government examples in Turkey, Philippines, Czech Republic and India 74 Source: www.mgovernment.org
  73. 73. Punjab Information Technology Board 75 Source:
  74. 74. Forbes on Dr. Umar Saif Source: http://www.forbes.com/sites/peterhigh/2014/02/03/a-professor-with-a- western-past-remakes-pakistans-entrepreneurial-future/ 76
  75. 75. Motor Transport Management Information System (MVR- MTMIS II) 77
  76. 76. Motor Transport Management Information System (MVR- MTMIS II) 78
  77. 77. Motor Transport Management Information System (MVR-MTMIS II) - Salient Features  Customized application with outstanding process flow  Replication, deployment, training and maintenance along with connectivity in all Punjab districts  Registration of 3.6 million vehicle  Web-based tax calculator for registration transactions and token tax payment  Centralized data-based  Automated notices to tax deflators 79 Source: MTMIS.punjab.pk
  78. 78. Motor Transport Management Information System (MVR- MTMIS II) - Salient Features  Online connectivity with Customs authorities for verifications  Online data sharing with other provinces  Document scanning for registered vehicles  Ownership verification  Rs. 23 billion have been collected so far under this project 80 Source: MTMIS.punjab.pk
  79. 79. Crime Mapping 81
  80. 80. Crime Mapping - Salient Features  Solution to facilitate the police for reporting of the crime from the location of occurrence  Helps getting holistic and real time perspective of crime reported  Helps for better crime fighting measures and performance analysis 82
  81. 81. Livestock Data Collection 83
  82. 82. Livestock Data Collection 84
  83. 83. Livestock Data Collection – Salient Features  Linking 3500 service centres of livestock department like mobile dispensary  Aims to provide support services to farmer of animals, artificial fertilization, vaccination and information services  Provides farmer and farm profiles  Disease Out break analysis  Utilization of services rendered (vaccination and medication) 85
  84. 84. Livestock Data Collection – Salient Features  Operational in 36 districts of Punjab  More than 600,000 farmer registered  Available to 1300 veterinary officers and assistants 86 Source: www.pitb.gov.pk
  85. 85. Citrus Diseases 87
  86. 86. Citrus Diseases 88
  87. 87. Citrus Diseases – Salient Features  Developed by College of Agriculture and IT Department, University of Sargodha  First Pakistani android agricultural app in both Urdu and English  Helps in identifying the symptoms encompassing citrus diseases requiring immediate concerns  Helpful by Pakistani quarantine official for inspecting imports and exports of citrus  Many more agricultural android apps expected to follow 89
  88. 88. Analysis  Transition from brick and mortar to M-Government  IT is more than Word Processor and Power Point  Interactive Websites adjustable for M-Governance  Time to developing Mobile Apps  Information Communication Technology for Development ICT4D  E- Learning  E-Entrepreneurship 90
  89. 89. Recommendations  Replications in Federal and other provincial govts  Laptops & PDAs at CSA, SMC and NMC  Paperless Environment  Carbon Creditting  Head of Offices Periodic Meetings on ICT  24/7 Monitoring  Action based Periodic Evaluation 91
  90. 90. E-Governance in Pakistan  NADRA  HEC  Weboc  LRMIS  Zubair Bhatti Model  PBIT Initiatives

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