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Introduction to Social Studies


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Introduction to Social Studies

  1. 1. RAP - Review and Preview <ul><li>1) Have your covered textbook, signed syllabus, supplies, and “Why We Need to Save SS” questions on your desk. </li></ul><ul><li>2) Discuss your answers with the person to your right. Find out what you had similar and different. Be prepared to share with the class. </li></ul><ul><li>3) Fill in the first column of the “Name that Subject” worksheet. </li></ul>
  2. 2. “ Why We Need to Save (and Strengthen) Social Studies” <ul><li>#1 Notes Section - “Why We Need to Save SS” Homework Questions – 6 Points </li></ul><ul><li>Write three sentences for each question: </li></ul><ul><li>Why do students need Social Studies? </li></ul><ul><li>Should the quality of your education be determined by your social class or income level? </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>“ Citizens must have some depth of historical, political, and cultural understanding. Making good decisions requires that. It's one thing to have a nation of diverse opinions, which is crucial for democracy, but opinion before knowledge, or without tolerance, leads to demise.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Many argue that young people today are not educated to care about political matters, understand complex issues, make informed decisions, and contribute to a just society. Studies point to a glaring gap in civic knowledge based on test scores correlated with socioeconomic background and race or ethnicity.” </li></ul>
  4. 4. Definition of Social Studies <ul><li>From the National Council for the Social Studies’ website: </li></ul><ul><li>NCSS defines social studies as “ the integrated study of the social sciences and humanities to promote civic competence.” Within the school program, social studies provides coordinated, systematic study drawing upon such disciplines as anthropology, archaeology, economics, geography, history, law, philosophy, political science, psychology, religion, and sociology.” In essence, social studies promotes knowledge of and involvement in civic affairs.” </li></ul>
  5. 5. Step 1 <ul><li>10 minutes </li></ul><ul><li>With a partner, decide how each of the social sciences can help you (the WB Program Director), make decisions in the course of choosing a TV schedule for your network. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What sort of business decisions could they help you make? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What specific issues could they study to help you as a Program Director? </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Step 2 <ul><li>10 minutes </li></ul><ul><li>Each pair will read a different social science description (of 7) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All similar social scientists will join as a group and will identify ways that their social science field could contribute to creating a TV show for the WB. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  7. 7. Step 3 <ul><li>10-15 min </li></ul><ul><li>Each student assumes the role of WB program director again. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Each student will talk to one of each of the student social science experts and write what they suggest is the best issue or question they can help you as a Program Director for the CW TV Network. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Step 4 <ul><li>Go back to the “Name that Subject” chart, fill in the right column. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tip – you might want to draw a little picture/symbol to help you remember what each social scientist term means. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Think about: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Which social science subject do you find most interesting and why? </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Step 5 - Homework <ul><li>Step 5: (You may write/type on a separate piece of paper and turn it in next class period or submit on the First Class hand-in folder by next class period) </li></ul><ul><li>From the perspective of the WB Program Director, write a summary report of the specific advice you have received from each of the social scientist experts. Include how their advice has impacted your decision about what shows to run and when. </li></ul>
  10. 10. RAP - #4 Culture <ul><li>Think of a time that you either: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>experienced culture shock </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unintentionally offended someone of another culture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Felt misunderstood because of your culture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How did this situation(s) make you feel and how could it have been prevented? </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Nacirema Tribe Reading <ul><li>The aim of this activity is to learn about the peculiar rituals of a certain tribe of people. </li></ul><ul><li>As we read the article aloud, list strange rituals of the Nacirema. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Similarities between the Nacirema and Americans <ul><li>Nacirema – American </li></ul><ul><li>shrine – bathroom </li></ul><ul><li>pottery plaques – tiles </li></ul><ul><li>shrine box / chest -- medicine cabinet </li></ul><ul><li>potions / charms – medicines </li></ul><ul><li>medicine man – doctor </li></ul><ul><li>herbalist – pharmicist </li></ul><ul><li>secret language – Latin prescription </li></ul><ul><li>basin – sink </li></ul><ul><li>different holy water -- hot / cold water  </li></ul><ul><li>holy mouth man – dentist </li></ul><ul><li>hog bristles – toothbrush </li></ul><ul><li>dig holes in teeth -- cavities filled </li></ul><ul><li>strips of metal – braces </li></ul><ul><li>scraping face – shaving </li></ul><ul><li>baking heads -- beauty shop hair dryer </li></ul><ul><li>maidens with costumes – nurses </li></ul><ul><li>cut out body pieces – surgery </li></ul><ul><li>sharp wires – needles </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;latipsoh&quot; -- &quot;hospital“ </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Nacirema&quot; -- &quot;American&quot; </li></ul>
  13. 13. Viewpoint ONE Our country has always been a melting pot -- a nation made up of people from different backgrounds who give up some of their difference to become American. They do everything they can to fit in. We have always been a nation of immigrants. What makes the United States great is that people come here in search of equality, freedom, opportunity, and individual rights. Americans are not supposed to care about people's different physical traits or backgrounds. Really, we shouldn 't pay too much attention to particular groups and what they want. I think we should forget about things like multicultural history. Instead, we should promote and learn about the traditional values that made America what it is today.
  14. 14. Viewpoint Two <ul><li>America 's high ideals about freedom and equality have not been applied equally to everybody. We have to pay attention to all of our different experiences so that we can come to terms with the fact that America has a history of not welcoming some people, and of being brutal to some groups. We all know that slavery was cruel and heartless, and it is only one example of how people have been and still are treated unfairly. Some people paid a higher price for admission, not because of anything they ever did, only because of who they were and where they came from. We must talk about how some of us were treated badly, and are being treated badly. We still need to acknowledge our history so that we can make things right. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Viewpoint Three <ul><li>&quot;Diversity &quot; is a politically correct word. It gives special ststus to people of different races, to women, to people with disabilities, and to homosexuals. That 's not right. I worry that, in the name of diversity, people are lowering their standards. America is about people working hard, and some people succeed. Human beings should be judged based on how they perform, on merit. I should be able to decide who to spend time with, and who to hire or fire. And I'll base my choices on what people are inside -- on their values, their character, that kind of thing -- not on what they are on the outside or on what the claims they make. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Viewpoint Four <ul><li>I know all about the dominant, white &quot;American&quot; culture because that's how I've survived, not because it has been good to me. People who aren't part of that culture often need to explain themselves over and over again. The dominant culture sets the rules on all sorts of things. For example, I have to go out of my way to find a hairstylist who knows how to cut my hair. Another example: in school, I studied only Western traditions and history. Of course, everybody learns George Washington's name. How many people learn Sojourner Truth's or Caesar Chavez's? These kinds of things tell me a lot about who is highly regarded in America and who is not. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Viewpoint 5 <ul><li>The ideal America is one of shared values and commitment that can build on cultural differences. Coming together as a country is a long-term healing process, and it requires learning about all the cultures that make up our nation. I want my kids to learn about different cultures as part of the American experience. For that to happen, we will have to discuss and compare our experiences honestly. Of course we 'll disagree on some things, but we'll probably find out we're commited to a core set of values that define the United States of America -- freedom, equality, and democracy. And we must incorporate our new accounts into the larger story of America, instead of treating them as exotic alternative histories. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Viewpoint 6 <ul><li>When will we own up to the fact that racial and ethnic differences often are tied to economic differences? I fear that tensions will grow between groups because the pie is not as big as it once was, and some groups take bigger slices than others. If the gap between the rich and the poor gets wider, and if economic differences continue to overlap with racial differences, I don't see how we'll end up with anything other than a two-tiered society. Ask yourself, how do people react if poor people of color want to move into a suburban town? What does your answer tell you? </li></ul>
  19. 19. Viewpoint Seven <ul><li>There is no way that all of these different groups are going to get along. We have too much diversity. There is no example in history for the kind of multi-ethnic society America is trying to pull off. People should stay within their own groups. Your own people will care about you, and they will teach you about what your values should be. Forget about trying to make everybody get along together. The best we can hope for is that people will leave each other alone. </li></ul>
  20. 20. #6 – RAP – Reliability of Sources <ul><li>Think of a time when you’ve received false information about something and it has affected you in some way. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ex: Rumors, misinterpretations, unreliable source, etc. </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Primary vs. Secondary Sources <ul><li>Primary Source : a document or physical object which was written or created during the time under study. These sources were present during an experience or time period and offer an inside view of a particular event. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Types of Primary Sources <ul><li>ORIGINAL DOCUMENTS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Diaries, speeches, manuscripts, letters, interviews, news film footage, autobiographies, official records  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Diary of Anne Frank, U.S. Constitution, a journal article reporting NEW research or findings </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>CREATIVE WORKS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Poetry, drama, novels, music, art  </li></ul></ul><ul><li>RELICS OR ARTIFACTS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pottery, furniture, clothing, buildings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Weavings and pottery - Native American history  </li></ul></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Secondary Sources <ul><li>Secondary Source: A secondary source interprets and analyzes primary sources. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They are one or more steps removed from the event. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They may have pictures, quotes or graphics of primary sources in them. </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. Types of Secondary Sources <ul><li>PUBLICATIONS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Textbooks, magazine articles, histories, criticisms, commentaries, or encyclopedias  which interpret or review previous findings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A History textbook  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A book about the effects of WWI  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A Wikipedia article </li></ul></ul></ul>
  25. 25. Primary or Secondary? <ul><li>Pericles’ Funeral Oration </li></ul><ul><li>Excerpt </li></ul><ul><li>431 B.C. </li></ul><ul><li>Our political system does not compete with governments that focus on force. We do not copy our neighbors, but try to be an example. Our government favors the many instead of the few: this is why it is called a democracy. The laws give equal justice to all. </li></ul><ul><li>The freedom we enjoy goes also to ordinary life; we are not suspicious of one another, and we do not nag our neighbor if he chooses to go his own way. ... But this freedom does not make us forget laws. We are taught to respect the government and the laws, and never to forget that we must protect the injured. And we are also taught to follow the feeling of what is right.... </li></ul>
  26. 26. Primary or Secondary? <ul><li>The Story of Romulus and Remus </li></ul><ul><li>Rhea was married to Mars, the Roman god of war. Rhea had twin sons. She loved her boys, but there were plots afoot by other gods and goddesses to harm her father, herself, her husband, and her children. To protect the boys, she set them adrift on the river, hoping someone would find them. Who would not love such beautiful boys? </li></ul><ul><li>Sure enough, first they were found by a she-wolf who fed them. Then a shepherd and his wife adopted the boys.  </li></ul><ul><li>As the twins grew older, they decided they did not want to take care of sheep. They wanted to be kings. They decided to build a city on the shores of the Tiber. They both wanted to be the only king. They quarreled. In a fit of rage, Romulus picked up a rock, killed his brother, and made himself king.  Romulus then became the first king of this town, which he named Rome, after himself. </li></ul>
  27. 27. Primary or Secondary? <ul><li>The Magna Carta (The Great Charter) </li></ul><ul><li>1. In the first place we have granted to God, and by this our present charter confirmed for us and our heirs forever that the English Church shall be free , and shall have her rights entire, and her liberties inviolate; and we will that it be thus observed. </li></ul><ul><li>In other words: Freedom of religion, no one can violate the rights of the church </li></ul><ul><li>21. Earls and barons shall not be punished except through their peers, and only in accordance with the degree of the offense. </li></ul><ul><li>In other words: Right to a trial by jury, punishments should fit the crime </li></ul><ul><li>30. No sheriff or bailiff of ours, or other person, shall take the horses or carts of any freeman for transport duty, against the will of the said freeman. 31. Neither we nor our bailiffs shall take, for our castles or for any other work of ours, wood which is not ours, against the will of the owner of that wood. </li></ul>
  28. 28. Primary or Secondary? <ul><li>General Ulysses S. Grant (Civil War) </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;When news of the surrender first reached our lines our men commenced firing a salute of a hundred guns in honor of the victory. I at once sent word, however, to have it stopped. The Confederates were now our prisoners, and we did not want to exult over their downfall.&quot; Ulysses S. Grant, April 9, 1865, Personal Memoirs of U. S. Grant (New York, 1885), pages 555-560. </li></ul>
  29. 29. Primary or Secondary? <ul><li>American Civil War </li></ul><ul><li>From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia </li></ul><ul><li>The American Civil War (1861–1865), also known as the War Between the States and several other names , was a civil war in the United States of America . Eleven Southern slave states declared their secession from the U.S. and formed the Confederate States of America (the Confederacy). Led by Jefferson Davis , they fought against the U.S. federal government (the &quot; Union &quot;), which was supported by all the free states and the five slaveholding border states . </li></ul><ul><li>In the presidential election of 1860 , the Republican Party , led by Abraham Lincoln , had campaigned against the expansion of slavery beyond the states in which it already existed. The Republican victory in that election resulted in seven Southern states declaring their secession from the Union even before Lincoln took office on March 4, 1861. Both the outgoing and incoming U.S. administrations rejected secession, regarding it as rebellion . </li></ul>
  30. 30. Big Picture <ul><li>Which type of source is more reliable??? </li></ul><ul><li>A. Primary source </li></ul><ul><li>B. Secondary source </li></ul>