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Notes on CMS, LMS & LCMS


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Notes to support the presentation CMSs, LMSs, & LCMS: the systems to support elearning.

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Notes on CMS, LMS & LCMS

  1. 1. Notes for CMS, LMS & LCMS: The systems supporting elearning<br />CMSs<br />Course management system is different from content management system<br />Course Management Systems<br />Features of of CMSs (Dabbagh & Bannan-Ritland, 2005; Wang & Gearhart, 2006)<br />Content creation and management<br />User management<br />Assessment tools<br />Communication tools<br />Content organization & navigation <br />CMSs in use.<br /><br />CMSs known.<br /><br />Issues with CMSs<br />CMSs emphasize faculty dissemination tools over student processing tools<br />CMSs replicate and/or engender an instructional structure of traditional face-to-face instruction<br />Impedes student-centered learning/constructivist strategies (Mott & Wiley, 2009)<br />Interface is independent of content/template-based<br />Content Management Systems<br />Defined<br />A content management system (CMS) is a program used to create a framework for the content of a Web site. CMSs are deployed primarily for interactive use by a potentially large number of contributors. The content managed includes computer files, image media, audio files, electronic documents and web content. (, 2008)<br />Functions of CMSs<br />Through roles and approvals, content can be displayed publicly or private (in development).<br />Through a taxonomy, content is tagged (metadata) for searching,organization, and reuse.<br />Often multiple versions can be tracked for histories.<br />With a CSS template/XML, content is separated from display.<br />Content Management Workflow<br />Examples<br />Drupal<br />PostNuke<br />Joomla!<br />Mambo<br />Plone<br />Wordpress<br />Luminis SunGuard<br />Learning Management System versus Learning Content Management System<br /><ul><li>An LMS …An LMS is a system designed to automate the administration of training  events. LMS functionality includes user registration, tracking courses in a catalog, and recording data from learners; it also has reporting  features for analysis purposes. An LMS is typically designed to handle courses by multiple publishers and providers. It usually doesn’t include  its own authoring capabilities; instead, it focuses on managing courses created by a variety of other sources.         
  2. 2. An LCMS …An LCMS is a system used primarily for development, maintenance, tagging,  and storage of instructional content. During development, it is used to import and store assets that will be used to create a learning object; and create and store content objects. The LCMS may have workflow process functionality and the ability to tag assets and content objects with  metadata. If set up to work with dynamic delivery, an LCMS will assemble the proper assets on-the-fly to create a learning object. While many LCMS  can deliver content, they usually do not have the administrative functionality of an LMS. Many LCMS can export content in a variety of  different formats.
  3. 3. LMS/LCMSs in use.
  4. 4.
  5. 5. LMS/LCMSs known.
  6. 6.
  7. 7. What’s the difference?
  8. 8. I’m not sure it matters any more…
  9. 9. An LMS manages learners and keep track of their progress and performance (Brandon Hall Research, n.d.). LMSs can often manage the scheduling, registrations and administration of learning options, including self-paced and instructor led, with more global reporting.
  10. 10. An LCMS creates content and the delivery of content. Includes content creation, collaboration tools, RLOs.
  11. 11. Brandon Hall Research (n.d.) presents a comparison chart ( for differences. They also report that 74% of LCMSs include LMS functionality.
  12. 12. Except a lot of people will call WebCT/Blackboard/Desire2Learning an LMS, which it’s not … maybe an argument for a learning content management system.
  13. 13. Issues to consider …
  14. 14. Integration with existing systems (e.g., HR, KM)
  15. 15. Integration from previous LMS/LCMS (…hence SCORM)
  16. 16. Analytics and granularity of reporting
  17. 17. Integration with external authoring systems (e.g., reporting)
  18. 18. Pedagogical framework (explicit or covert)
  19. 19. Granularity of content creation
  20. 20. Metadata/tagging
  21. 21. Content reuse, content repository</li></ul>References & Acknowledgements<br />Brandon Hall Research. (n.d.). LMS and LCMS demystified. Retrieved from<br />Dabbagh, N. & Bannan-Ritland, B. (2005). Online learning: Concepts, strategies, and applications. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Merrill Prentice Hall.<br />Helion-Prime Solutions Ltd. (2008). Cutting edge content management. Retrieved from <br />Mott, J. & Wiley, D. (2009). Open for learning: The CMS and the open learning network. Education, 15(2). Retrieved from<br />Wang, H., & Gearhart, D.L. (2006). Designing and developing web-based instruction. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Merrill Prentice Hall.<br />Special thanks to Deborah Adams, Matt McClean, Chuck Hodges, Nancy Leininger, Bill Brescia, Elizabeth Boling, Ward Cates, MJ Bishop, David Wiley, Kevin Thorn, Kevin Oliver, Yuri Quintana, Robin Navel, Joan Davis, David Lindenberg, Mindy Fisher, Corey Johnson, Dennis Charksy, Michael Barbour, and Tom Hergert for contributing to these notes and presentation.<br />