Notes Chapter 2, Grammar 2

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Notes Chapter 2, Grammar 2

  1. 1. Gramática 2 Capítulo 2
  2. 2. Nouns <ul><li>ALL nouns in Spanish have a gender </li></ul><ul><li>They’re either masculine or feminine . </li></ul><ul><li>Most nouns that are masculine end in –o . </li></ul><ul><li>Most nouns that are feminine end in –a . </li></ul>
  3. 3. Nouns <ul><li>Singular noun - ONE of something </li></ul><ul><li>Plural noun – 2+ things </li></ul><ul><li>If a singular noun ends in a vowel, add –s to make is plural. </li></ul><ul><li>If a singular noun ends in a consonant, add –es to make it plural. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Definite articles <ul><li>Definite articles are used to express the word “the” in English. </li></ul><ul><li>These must agree in gender and number with the noun. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Definite articles Masculine Feminine Singular el la Plural los las
  6. 6. Definite articles - uses <ul><li>To talk about a noun as a general category. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>¿Cómo es la pizza? – What’s the pizza like (in general)? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>When saying what you like with gustar. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Me gusta la pizza. – I like pizza. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Definite articles <ul><li>Put the correct definite article in the blank. </li></ul><ul><li>____ profesora </li></ul><ul><li>____ libro </li></ul><ul><li>____ profesoras </li></ul><ul><li>____ libros </li></ul>la las el los
  8. 8. gustar <ul><li>Gustar is used to say what people like. </li></ul><ul><li>Use gusta if the thing they like is singular . </li></ul><ul><li>Use gustan if the thing they like is plural . </li></ul>
  9. 9. gustar <ul><li>You must put one of these pronouns before gustar to say who likes something. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Le” can be Ud., he, she, or it. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Les” can be Uds., ellos, or ellas. </li></ul>me nos te le les
  10. 10. gustar <ul><li>“ Le” can be Ud., he, she, or it. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Les” can be Uds., ellos, or ellas. </li></ul><ul><li>To ask who is being talked about, use </li></ul><ul><li>a quién or a quiénes. </li></ul><ul><li>To clarify who is being talked about, use a and name(s) . </li></ul>me nos te le les
  11. 11. What we use it with <ul><li>Objects: </li></ul><ul><li>Me gustAN los zapatoS </li></ul><ul><li>I like shoes </li></ul><ul><li>Verbs: Me gusta leer. </li></ul><ul><li>I like to read. </li></ul><ul><li>Me gusta (I like)… </li></ul><ul><li>Jugar – To play </li></ul><ul><li>Leer – to read </li></ul><ul><li>Dormir – to sleep </li></ul><ul><li>Ir al cine – To go to the movies </li></ul>
  12. 12. gustar <ul><li>To say someone doesn’t like something, put the word no in front of the pronoun </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No me gusta la pizza. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No le gustan los helados. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No nos gusta el profesor. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. ¿por qué? and porque <ul><li>¿por qué? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>why? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>porque </li></ul><ul><ul><li>because </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>¿Por qué te gusta la pizza? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Por que es muy buena. </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Preposition “de” <ul><li>De is used to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>show possession or relationship </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>El profesor de María Maria’s teacher </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>indicate what type of things you’re describing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>say where someone is from </li></ul></ul><ul><li>“ de” followed by “el” makes the contraction “del” </li></ul>

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