A2 G324 course booklet


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AQA Media Advanced Portfolio Course Booklet

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A2 G324 course booklet

  1. 1. A2 MEDIA STUDIES Advanced Portfolio in Media Print Production COURSE BOOKLET 2011 – 2012Name:________________________________________ Form:______________ Please bring this with you to every lesson 1
  2. 2. A2 G324: Advanced Portfolio in MediaAssignment BriefYou will be required to produce the following:The first two pages of a new local newspaper, together with a poster for the newspaper ANDtwo hyperlinked pages from the paper’s website.This is a coursework unit in which you will produce the following: • A media portfolio, comprising a main text (The first two pages of a new local newspaper) and two ancillary texts (a poster for the newspaper AND two hyperlinked pages from the paper’s website) • A presentation of your research, planning and evaluation in electronic format(s). • The media portfolio will be produced through a combination of print and web-based media.Finally, you will evaluate and reflect upon the creative process and your experience of it. Thiswill be done electronically via your blog this evaluation will be guided by the set of keyquestions below.Examples of suitable formats for the evaluation are: • A podcast • A blog • A powerpointThe unit is marked out of a total of 100 marks: • 20 marks for the planning and research and its presentation; • 60 marks for the construction; • 20 marks for the evaluation.Evaluation Questions (plus audience feedback)In the evaluation the following questions must be answered: • In what ways does your media product use, develop or challenge forms and conventions of real media products? • How effective is the combination of your main product and ancillary texts? • What have you learned from your audience feedback? • How did you use media technologies in the construction and research, planning and evaluation stages?25% of the total Advanced GCE marks 2
  3. 3. A2 Media Presentation of Research and Planning Tasks Task Media Concept1 Annotation of 2 local newspapers (front Language cover and inside page) Representation2 Annotation of 2 local newspaper websites3 Detailed analysis and comparison of one local newspaper and its website.4 Uses and gratifications of newspaper Audience5 Mock up of newspaper front cover (to be done in lesson)6 Mock up of newspaper inside page (to ALL be done in lesson)7 Mock up of webpage homepage and additional page (link to main cover story) (to be done in lesson)8 Proposal for newspaper9 Questionnaire Audience10 Results of questionnaire Audience11 Mock up of poster (to be done in ALL lesson)12 Analysis (annotation) of poster adverts Language13 Local newspaper news values InstitutionThe majority of these tasks are homework tasks unless otherwise indicated.In addition, you should be taking screen grabs throughout of Photoshop, PagePlusetc, to show the process of putting together your artefacts. 3
  4. 4. A2 MEDIA - HOW TO PRESENT YOUR PORTFOLIOIn order to make it easier find different aspects of your portfolio, Id like you to do thefollowing:Create a new post and call it Advanced PortfolioCreate three headings called the following:*Presentation of Planning and Research*Construction*EvaluationUnder each heading, type the name of the article (e.g. questionnaire), highlight it, click on thelinks icon above and then copy the link to that work. This should be placed underneath therelevant heading, so for example - links to your questionnaire, newspaper proposal etc shouldbe pasted under the heading Presentation of Planning and Research.You will need to have two windows/tabs to do this successfully.YOUR POST SHOULD LOOK LIKE THIS:Presentation of Planning and Research1 Annotation of 2 local newspapers (front cover and inside page)2 Annotation of 2 local newspaper websites3 Detailed analysis and comparison of one local newspaper and its website.4 Uses and gratifications of newspaper5 Mock up of newspaper front cover6 Mock up of newspaper inside page7 Mock up of webpage homepage and additional8 Proposal for newspaper9 Questionnaire10 Results of questionnaire11 Mock up of poster12 Analysis (annotation) of poster adverts13 Local newspaper news valuesConstructionNewspapers front cover and inside pagePosterTwo WebpagesEvaluationIn what ways does your media product use, develop or challenge forms and conventions of realmedia products?How effective is the combination of your main product and ancillary texts?What have you learned from your audience feedback?How did you use media technologies in the construction and research, planning and evaluationstages? 4
  5. 5. Audience Feedback - Year 12 & 13Your evaluation must contain evidence of audience feedback – this basically means thatsomeone views your magazine (or newspaper) and gives their views on it.You could get people to log into blogspot and ask them to leave comments on the front coverof the magazine.You could get them to comment on the following:Layout and Design - does it stand out? Would they be attracted to it if they saw it what featuresattract them the most?Does it look like a real magazine cover?What is successful about the cover and why?What things do they think are not successful about the cover and why?Deadlines (write the dates in when you’re given them):Research: ______________________________Pre-Production: _________________________Production: ____________________________Post-Production: ________________________Evaluation: _____________________________Final deadline: __________________________You must keep to each deadline in order to complete each task and successfullycomplete 60% of the portfolio. Each week you will have a homework task thatMUST be done in order to complete the blog which accounts for 40% of theportfolio 100% ATTENDANCE IS A MUST! 5
  6. 6. Newspaper ProposalWho is the newspaper aimed at?How much will it cost? (it could be free)When will it be on sale and how frequent? (Weekly, bi-weekly, )What will be the content of the newspaper?Is a “gap in the market?”What is it about what you plan to do that’s different to what everyone else is already doing?What appropriate codes and conventions are you going to use?What other texts are there like the ones you intend to produce?The job the text has to do (entertain? sell something? hook an audience?)Common codes and conventions (the features they have in common)The reasons they make an impact (or fail to make an impact) on their audience.The way in which the audience is addressed (‘spoken to’) The use of copy (slogans? mastheads? cover lines?)The use of fonts. How many different fonts can you count on a single page, or in a single advertisement?The use of colour – what connotations can you read?My lead story will be...... and for the accompanying photograph I will have a picture of..... The photograph will be apositive representation of young people which challenges the idea that youths are ........ The angle of the storyis....... and this will again represent.... and so on.LanguageHow will the media language of your production reflect or contrast with the language used in similar mediaproducts? How will you use camera angles and framing, colours and fonts? How will you construct your layout –and your mise en scene?RepresentationWho or what will be represented in your production, and from whose viewpoint? How will you communicate thisin your production?InstitutionsWhat is the market in which this product will be consumed?Is it already established (an existing magazine or newspaper) or have you invented your own?What regulation is involved in this marketplace? Are there any rules you have to follow?AudienceWho is the primary audience?Is there a secondary audience?How will your mode of address reflect your target audience(s)?Example Task:Produce a local newspaper for Brent or northwest London aimed at 16-24 year olds.What kinds of interests do this age group and demographic have?Produce a questionnaire to find out about their interests, about what they would like to see in your newspaperand how much they would be willing to pay for it. 6
  7. 7. The Layout of a Newspaper 7
  8. 8. Research questions: • How does traffic to the site compare to newspaper sales? • How does the hard copy news provision compare to the online version over a 24 hour period? • Pay particular attention to ‘breaking news’ that is reported online in between two editions of the paper • How much activity is there on the blogs and forums and what difference does this make to the news provision • What is added by the news videos? • How does the online news provision compare to a 24 hour rolling news TV channel • How does the online new provision compare to a news site offered by a source not related to a newspaper 8
  9. 9. Inside page 9
  10. 10. 10
  11. 11. Guide to Analysing a Local Newspaper and its WebsiteConsider the following questions when analysing the newspaper and rememberto give examples: • How is the newspaper branded? Look carefully at the newspaper’s masthead, the slogan, the overall style etc. What is your first impression of the newspaper and who do you think will buy it? • Which stories have been selected as main stories (splash) and / or secondary stories? How does this reflect the news values of the paper? • How much of the front page is taken up by pictures? Describe the pictures and the meaning the audience will take from the pictures. Why do you think they’ve been featured on the front page? • Discuss the language of the headline(s), and how they work with the picture(s). You may also comment on the use of straplines. • Has the paper used a plug box to let the readers know what else is featured within the newspaper? What types of stories are advertised and again, what does this tell us about the news values of the newspaper?Once you have answered these questions, compare the newspaper with itswebsite. Remember to use language that shows you are comparing similaritiesand differences (contrasts) between the tradition newspaper and its website.Consider the following list of features commonly found on newspaper websites: • Masthead in banner across the top of the page • Navigation links • Lots of pictures • Headings and colours used to categorise content • Video clips • Rollovers • Adverts • Updated regularly • Interactive Remember you have to be creative with how you answer these questions; you are marked on how you present your research so use as many features of PowerPoint as you can (without overdoing it) or you can do a video presentation. 11
  12. 12. NEWS VALUES (Galtung and Ruge) 1. FREQUENCY – time span taken by an event e.g. murders happen suddenly 2. THRESHOLD – the size of an event e.g. earthquake with thousands killed 3. UNAMBIGUITY – limited meanings 4. MEANINGFULNESS - a) the event means something in our culture b) The event is relevant to us; has an impact on our culture (usually represented as a threat) 5. CONSONANCE – meets our expectations 6. UNEXPECTEDNESS – something we don’t expect 7. CONTINUITY – a running story 8. COMPOSITION – to create balance so not everything is bad news for example 9. REFERENCE TO ELITE NATIONS – events in the developed world more likely to be reported 10. REFERENCE TO ELITE PERSONS – the famous and powerful treated as being of great importance 11. PERSONALISTION – events seen as the actions of individuals 12. NEGATIVITY – bad news is good news 12
  13. 13. Value Meaning Example Newspapers only want to lead on events that have “just happened”. If the event happened some time ago, but has only just come to Has it happened recently? Is it light, the paper will always try to give it aImmediacy new? “today” angle. Does it mean something to us A bus crash in Bulgaria isn’t very interesting to where we live? Can we relate British audiences – unless someone BritishFamiliarity to it? died. Is it a big event? Does it The 2004 Boxing Day Tsunami was news in theAmplitude involve many people? UK because of the number of people killed. Is it something that happened A glacier melting is unlikely to make the frontFrequency fairly quickly? page – it takes too long! Newspapers – especially tabloids – often Is it clear? Are the ignore stories if they think they’re too difficultUnambiguity results/effects obvious? to explain. Predictability can be boring, if we know what’s going to happen. However, Elections, Cup Finals and so on are predictable but Is it predictable? Do we expect interesting, and newspapers plan aroundPredictability it to happen? these diary events. Is it a rare or unexpected Audiences like surprises – even unpleasantSurprise event? ones. Newspapers are always looking for new angles Has it already been defined as on ongoing news stories, such as politicalContinuity news? Is it a running story? intrigues, sporting countdowns etc. Events that occur in neighbouring countries, Has the event happened in a or countries that influence our lives and country that is important to culture (eg USA, France) interest audiences, asElite nations or the audience? Does it concern so stories about David Beckham, Princepeople well-know people? William and Britney Spears. Stories that affect “people like us” – ordinary Is it a personal or human people – often have the “aah” or the “wow”Personalisation interest story? factor. Bad news always seems to get more press andNegativity Is it bad news? public attention than good news. Newspapers have to compete for attention on “Are we the only newspaper the newsstand – unique stories help them toExclusivity that has this story?” do that. Occasionally, newspapers will lead with a story based on the strength of the images thatVisual Impact Is there a really strong image? go with it. Home news stories can often be placed in broadsheets to counterbalance a heavy weight of foreign news. Happy human interest Is it being used to stories sometimes appear in tabloids toBalance counterbalance other stories? balance out a lot of “doom and gloom”. 13
  14. 14. How is Blumler and Katz’s Audience Theory relevant to why people read the LocalNewspapers?Two American researchers called Blumler and Katz attempted to discover what it is aboutmedia products which make them successful and popular. They came up with 5 points whichthey believed any media product needs to give an audience. These were: • EDUCATION / INFORMATION • ENTERTAINMENT • HELP WITH SOCIAL INTERACTION • ESCAPE • IDENTIFICATIONHere is how these 5 points apply to the Popular Press:EDUCATION / INFORMATIONWe read papers to keep up to date with what is happening in the world, to learn about thingswe don’t know about and to keep informed. In the tabloids, a high percentage of thisinformation is about sport, showbiz and celebrities, however.ENTERTAINMENTStories in the paper can be funny, articles are often about things which interest us and thetabloids have things like horoscopes, cartoons, showbiz pages, readers’ letters, crosswords andpuzzles which are mainly for entertainment.SOCIAL INTERACTIONWe talk to other people about things we’ve read in the papers. We show them things in thepaper ( ‘Have you seen this?’). If we know what’s happening in the world we can join inconversations and discussions. These things help us to interact with others, they give ussomething to say and give us shared interests, things in common.ESCAPEWhile we are reading about other people and events we are taken out of our day to dayconcerns for a while. Papers therefore provide escapism in a similar way that soaps or reality TVshows do.IDENTIFICATIONWhen we read about other people and what is happening to them we often put ourselves intheir place or imagine what it must be like to have the same thing happen to us (in other words,we identify with them). This makes us much more involved and interested in a story and helpsus deal with similar events in our own lives.In explaining things in this way, Blumler and Katz’s audience theory helps explain the popularityof tabloid newspapers. 14
  15. 15. Analysing WebsitesThe purpose of websitesSome websites provide information whilst others are for entertainment. Many websites blurthis distinction by presenting information in an entertaining and engaging way. News websites,in particular, present news stories in a way which attempts to engage the audience. This isachieved through the interactive and multi-media qualities of the web. Other websites offer aservice or encourage us to buy certain products. Then there are personal websites. You mayhave your own blog or a personal home page on MySpace, Bebo or Facebook. These socialnetworking websites have become very popular and further diminish the distinction betweenthe audience and the producer.A website’s home page is usually the most important page, containing various elements whichprovide information in their own right or offer the audience the opportunity to interact withthe page, navigating to other parts of the page or the website. Although the content varies ondifferent home pages, there are many similar conventions which are used. In particular, thelayout of many websites follow a similar pattern. Any variations are dependent upon thepurpose of the website, the genre and the needs of the target audience.Websites will contain a number of these factors:*Headings: used throughout some web pages to split the content into manageable sections.There may also be sub-headings, which can further direct the user to a particular piece ofinformation.*Copy: the main body of text, often presented in boxes.*Hyperlinks: these can be either words or images that when clicked upon will take you toanother page of the website.*Scrolling text: areas of text which the user can scroll through. Scrolling text is useful because itallows a large amount of text to be placed within a relatively small box.*Images: used in almost every website – sometimes used as a link to another part of thewebsite.*Video: thanks to broadband, many websites can safely go beyond featuring text and staticimages to incorporate video.*Sound: used on many websites. You may hear a sound as the cursor rolls over some part of awebsite. Music is often used in websites as an introduction on the home page. This can set upcertain expectations for the viewer and establish the tone of the rest of thewebsite.*Drop-down menus: these usually have an arrow at the end of a rectangle box. When you clickon the arrow, a menu drops down. The user can then make a choice of where to go next.*Search box: usually a box in which the user can type a word or words relating to the contentthey are trying to locate.*Banners: usually found across the top of a website’s home page. In vertical format, they areknown as ‘skyscrapers’. These usually contain adverts for products or services.*Navigation: a series of buttons, images or text with which the user can interact and find theirway around a website.*Thumbnails: images are sometimes displayed in reduced size. However, a full-size image canusually be accessed by clicking on the thumbnail. 15
  16. 16. Analysing popular website home pagesStep 1*What are the names of the website home pages you have chosen and what are their URLs?*Who is the target audience for each home page? Can you construct an audience profile?*Are these mainstream or niche audiences?Step 2*Study the content of the home pages in detail and describe the layout of each page.*Try to use appropriate media terminology: headings, links, scrolling text, animation and sound,search boxes, banner advertising and soon. When images (still or moving) are used you shouldrefer to shot type, camera angles and lighting.*What connotations are suggested by the various elements?Step 3*What conventions are used to enable the audience to interact with the pages?*What do the website home pages promise the audience?*Are there any advertisements present? What do these tell you aboutthe intended audience for the website?Step 4*Can you say anything about how the website home pages represent people and or places? Arethey positive or negative representations and are stereotypes used?*How might the websites be funded – through advertising and/or subscription?Step 5*Overall, explain how the home pages are designed to appeal to their target audience.Source: AQA GCSE Media Studies Students Book by Richard Morris (Author), David Varley(Author) Publisher: Nelson Thornes (26 May 2009) 16
  17. 17. Newspaper Proposal Name of Newspaper: Slogan: Lead Story: Lead headline: Lead picture and picture caption: Secondary story: Secondary headline: 17
  18. 18. Secondary picture and caption:Outline your paper’s news values and explain how you intend to appeal to your targetaudience: 18
  19. 19. Detailed Proposal1.Name of paper and slogan:Why did you choose this name and slogan?2. Lead story / picture / headline:Why did you choose this story/picture/headline as your splash (lead story)?3. Secondary story and picture:Why did you choose this story/picture/headline as your secondary story?4. Contents of plug box:Explain how your plug box will encourage the target audience to buy your paper. 19
  20. 20. HOMEWORK LOGRecord all homework below:Date Task Due Date 20
  21. 21. Date Task Due Date 21
  22. 22. Date Task Due Date 22
  23. 23. GlossaryA Glossary of Newspaper and Printing Terms:Break: the point at which a story turns to the next column.Broadsheet: One of the two standard sizes of newspaper around the English-speaking world (seealso Tabloid).Byline: The name of the reporter or photographer printed with the story or photograph.Features: Stories which are longer than and give background to the news stories.Layout: As a verb, to place the various elements of a page — pictures, headlines, byline andbody copy. As an adjective, for example a layout sub, the designer who lays out pages, and as anoun, the design of a page.Lead: The main story on a page, usually the biggest story, as opposed to downpage stories.Leader: The "leading article" — that is, the editorial — states the newspaper’s view on aparticular issue. Now somewhat anachronistic for readers, they are still often quoted inParliament if they support a particular party’s view.Logo: An identifying symbol often used by companies.Masthead: the name of the newspaper and other information, usually at the top of the front page.Serif: These are the little decorative feet at the top and bottom of letters in some typefaces,known as Serif Types. Typefaces without serif are call Sans Serif Types.Splash: The Page 1 lead story.Strapline: Long, small-pointsize headlines and rules that run across the top of a page.Tabloid: One of the standard sizes of newspaper around the English-speaking world (see alsoBroadsheet). Usually about 63picas wide and 38cm deep. The Sunday Mail is a tabloid. 23
  24. 24. Features of a NewspaperMastheadThe masthead is the name of the paper written at the top of the front page always inthe same colour and font as a kind of logo. The use of colour, language, symbol anddesign all help create the identity of the newspaper.HeadlinesThe most prominent feature of any article is the headline. Front page headlines areparticularly important as they aim to grab the reader’s attention and help sell thenewspaper. Headlines are usually short and catchy. Headlines often use a specialkind of ‘tabloidese’ language. This saves space and makes the headlines moredramatic.Types of storiesThe news values (what it thinks is an important story)The CopyCopy is what we call the written part of the paper, the stories. It is written in a certainstyle and format which aims to quickly establish the facts of the story, and to hook thereader into reading the whole story. Is the style of writing is informal, chatty or evenslangy? This would suit a C2, D and E reader demographic. We refer to this as thetabloids’ mode of address. Or is the mode of address of the more formal and middleclass which suits its more A, B and C1 readership demographic? Tabloid stories oftenhave the word ‘exclusive’ at the top; although other papers often have the same storyand the same ‘exclusive’ headline (tabloids are not too worried about telling the truth!).The PicturesAs with the headline, pictures are important to grab the attention of the audience.CaptionsPhotographs are accompanied by captions. Captions anchor an image and help thereader interpret the photograph or understand it. The language of a caption doesn’t justdescribe the image; it adds to the angle of the article and tells the reader how tointerpret the picture. 24
  25. 25. Relevant websites:http://msoppon-media.blogspot.com/http://www.nmauk.co.uk 25
  26. 26. Notes 26
  27. 27. Notes 27