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Latvia is in north east Europe.
It is the 124th largest country in the world
by area with 64,589 square kms.
 The name "Latvia" originates from the ancient Latgalians, one of
four eastern Baltic tribes that formed the ethnic core ...
 The Latvian flag is one of the oldest in the world.
 Dating back to the 13th century, it is said to have
originated whe...
 Riga is the secret treasure of the Baltic region.
 Riga the capital city is renowned for its Art
Nouveau UNESO building...
 Only one third of the population is of Latvian descent, a
legacy of the Soviets under Stalin.
 Since the end of the Col...
 The Latvian cuisine originated from the peasant culture and is
strongly based on crops that grow in Latvian maritime,
te...
 Latvian (official) 56.3%,
 Russian 33.8%,
 other 0.6% (includes Polish, Ukrainian, and
Belarusian)
 unspecified 9.4%
...
 In the 12th century AD some of the last pagans in Europe
lived in Latvia. The Pope decided to convert them to
Christiani...
 In1558 the increasingly powerful country of Russia sought
access to the sea and they invaded Latvia in 1558.
 In 1561 t...
 In the 19th century nationalism in Latvia and interest in Latvian
culture revived. Krisjanis Barons collected Latvian fo...
 In 1939 the Nazis and the Communists agreed to divide Eastern Europe.
Latvia was assigned to the Soviet Union. In July 1...
 Uljana Semjonova
the 7th tallest woman
in the world 2.1m (6’ 11”)
 Latvia basketball star
 She led the Soviet Olympic
...
 A Latvian Jewish Tailor invented
the jeans (Levi Strauss backed him
financially.
 Jacob Davis partnered with
Levi Strau...
 The most popular sport is ice hockey.
 Lativa have an international soccer team.
 Basketball is big too!
In 2002 Latvia won the Eurovision Song Contest. In
2003 the competition was held in Riga.
 Over 50% of Latvia is covered by forest and its one
of the most environmentally friendly countries on
the planet, rankin...
Latvia declared its independence in 1991.
Following the collapse of Communism the Latvian economy improved.
In 1993 a new ...
 Latvia holds one of the largest song and dance
festivals in the world (with over 40’000 participants).
 Latvia also has...
In Latvia there are Wild Boar, Elk and Red Deer.
 In Latvia there are Wolves, Lynx and Racoon
Dogs.
 Latia has many anim...
 die 7.12 years sooner
 be 27.41% less likely to be unemployed
 make 53.75% less money
 be 3.3 times more likely to be...
 www.rigaoldtownhostel.lv
 www.Compare Ireland To Latvia.html
 www.latviaBaltic states _ Latvia Travel.html
 Google im...
 CIA World Factbook
 100 cities of the World
 Latia – Lonely Planet guide
Mia
okeeffe
 Averages. July is the hottest month in Malta
with temperature of 27°C and the coldest is
January at 13°C with the most d...
Malta joined the EU the 1st of May 2004
Malta joined the EU the 1st of May 2004
 Joseph Muscat is a Maltese politician who has been Prime Minister of Malta since 2013.
Muscat has been leader of the Lab...
 The population of malta is 421,400
The currency of Malta is euro
 The flag of Malta is a basic bi-colour, with white in the hoist and red in the fly. A
representation of the George Cross...
 Malta has a lot of different food
 The most popular food in Malta is
………………………….
 Timpani it is a baked macaroni dish....
 a famous person is Gabriela N a Gozitan singer-songwriter, rapper, model and activist
from the island of Malta. She hail...
 Here are a few
places in malta to
visit
Cool places
 Malta was once a part of Italy
 It’s been an independent country since 1964
 . Malta was the 48th happiest country on
...
 This is the capita of Malta it is called Valletta
it is populated with about 5,721 since 2013
here is a picture of it

By Rory O’Sullivan
 The official name for Portugal is Portuguese
Republic
 The capital of Portugal is Lisbon
 Portugal has a population of...
 The President of Portugal Anibal António
Cavaco Silva
 The longest river in portugal is The
Tagus it is 81,600 square km long
 The 2nd longest
 The highest mountain in portagal is mount
pico it is 2351m
 The 2nd highest mountain in portugal is torre
1993m
 Portagal is 92,212 km squared
 The Portugese soccer team a very good .
 There captain is Cristiano Ronaldo he is
also really good.
 Portuguese food is mostly fish and bread .
 The beaches in Portugal are lovely ;I
have seen them myself;
Slovakia
BY VIVIENNE O’SULLIVAN
Flag
 This is the Slovakia flag
Flag
 The current form of the flag of Slovakia was adopted
by Slovakia’s constitution, which came into force at 3rd
of Se...
Population
 The population is 5.4 million.
 60% are Roman Catholic, with minorities of
Protestants, Greek Catholic and J...
Population
Famous people
 Through centuries Slovaks have played an active role
in political, military, scientific, cultural and reli...
Country
Currency
 Slovakia is quite a large country, surrounded by other
countries such as Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and
Au...
Rulers & presidency
 Slovakia’s first ever ruler was Michal Kovac he was
elected on the 2nd of March 1993 when Slovakia
p...
Cultures & Food
 There are definitely food we eat that they eat too, but
there are many other foods.
 Like….
 BRYNDZOVE...
Cool places to visit
SPAIN
BY EIMEAR CULLOO !!!!
o King Charles ||| decided that Spain should
have a flag that was clearly distinguishable
from those of other countries. F...
The Capital city
of Spain is
Madrid.
The biggest mountains
in Spain are called ,
The Sierra
Nevada (meaning
"snowy range" in
Spanish) is a mountain
range in th...
The Royal Palace, is Madrid's largest building and possibly
its most beautiful. It is located next to the equally
beautifu...
Gaudi designed this beautiful Cathedral Sagrada Familia in Barcelona,
in the 1870’s.
It has taken over 100 years to build....
.Traditionally, you have two surnames
in Spain – the first surname from your
father, and the second from your
mother.
.Des...
Lionel Messi was born Luis Lionel Andres
Messi on June 24, 1987, in Rosario,
Argentina. As a young boy, he tagged along
wh...
When thinking of Spain's weather your thoughts probably drift to
hot sunny days with clear blue skies. Spain does indeed e...
Mariano Rajoy
Mariano Rajoy Brey is a Spanish politician
who has been the Prime Minister of Spain,
since 2011 and leader o...
Lanzarote, one of the Canary islands off the coast of
West Africa, is known for its year-round warm . It is
also one of th...
Spain's religion……
Freedom of religion is guaranteed by the
Spanish Constitution, although the majority
of the population ...
One of the largest and most important cities in Spain, Valencia is
located in the eastern part of the country in the regio...
 Spain is the land of fiestas or festivals. In every single city, town
and village there is a festival of some kind which...
The countries N,S,E,W
of Spain!!!
o North : France
o South : Algeria
o East : Sardinia
o West : Portugal
Famous people from Spain!!!
o ANDRES SEGOVIA
o ANTONIO BANDERAS
o AVERROES
o CLARA ALONSO
o DIEGO VELÁZQUEZ
o ELVIRA LINDS...
Spanish food!!!!
 Spain has a variety of foods and unique dishes such as paella
(a type of rice dish) and tapas (a range ...
By Eoin donnellan (=
It is blue and yellow
 This is the
Swedish
 map
There are about
9.600 million
people living in Sweden
“Eoin ar bast”
 means in
 Swedish
Eoin is the best!
 The capital of Sweden
is Stockholm.
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  1. 1. .
  2. 2. Latvia is in north east Europe. It is the 124th largest country in the world by area with 64,589 square kms.
  3. 3.  The name "Latvia" originates from the ancient Latgalians, one of four eastern Baltic tribes that formed the ethnic core of the Latvian people (ca. 8th-12th centuries A.D.).  In 2004 Latvia joined NATO and the EU. Latvia suffered badly in the recession of 2009. However Latvia recovered and became prosperous.  Today the population of Latvia is 2 million.  Latvians are proud of their language and hold contests to celebrate its proper use.  Mainly Christian, Latvia still celebrate some pagan traditions.
  4. 4.  The Latvian flag is one of the oldest in the world.  Dating back to the 13th century, it is said to have originated when a Latvian chief was wrapped in a white sheet after been wounded in battle.  The sides of the sheet were slained with blood while the centre remained white.
  5. 5.  Riga is the secret treasure of the Baltic region.  Riga the capital city is renowned for its Art Nouveau UNESO buildings.  Ryanair fly Dublin to Riga
  6. 6.  Only one third of the population is of Latvian descent, a legacy of the Soviets under Stalin.  Since the end of the Cold war the resurgence of Latvian identity and cultural life especially in Riga has been revived.  In 2014 Riga became the European Capital of Culture.  Today more than half of the most visited sites in Riga are located in the old city of Riga.  The first merchants came to small settlement at the mouth of the Daugava river around 1158.  The founder of the city was Albert von Bekeshovede.  Population 731,700
  7. 7.  The Latvian cuisine originated from the peasant culture and is strongly based on crops that grow in Latvian maritime, temperate climate.  Rye or wheat, oats, peas, beets, cabbage, pork products and potatoes are the staples.  Meat features in most main meal dishes. Fish is commonly consumed due to Latvia's location on the east coast of the Baltic Sea: smoked and raw fish are quite common.  The Latvian cuisine offers plenty of varieties of bread and milk products, which are an important part of the Latvian diet.
  8. 8.  Latvian (official) 56.3%,  Russian 33.8%,  other 0.6% (includes Polish, Ukrainian, and Belarusian)  unspecified 9.4% (2011 est.)
  9. 9.  In the 12th century AD some of the last pagans in Europe lived in Latvia. The Pope decided to convert them to Christianity - by force! They landed at a fishing village on the site of Riga and built a fortified settlement there. So Riga became the capital of Latvia.  From their base in Latvia the Germans marched inland and took the land from the native people.  The Germans made themselves a feudal ruling class in Latvia. The Latvians were made second-class citizens.
  10. 10.  In1558 the increasingly powerful country of Russia sought access to the sea and they invaded Latvia in 1558.  In 1561 the Poles invaded Latvia from the south and they conquered the Latgale region in the Southeast. They ruled that area until the late 18th century.  In 1621 the Swedes conquered Riga and Northeast Latvia.  The Russians captured Riga in 1710 and all Swedish territory in Latvia came under Russian control.  At the end of the 18th century Russia, Prussia and Austria divided up Poland between them. As a result the Polish held parts of Latvia came under Russian control. From then on all of Latvia was ruled by the Tsar.  In the 18th century there was still a German elite and native Latvians were still second class citizens.
  11. 11.  In the 19th century nationalism in Latvia and interest in Latvian culture revived. Krisjanis Barons collected Latvian folklore. The first Latvian newspaper was published in 1862.  In 1905 the Tsarist government brutally suppressed the demonstrations and imprisoned the leaders of the Latvian nationalists.  In 1918 Russia collapsed and much of her territory was taken by the Germans - including Latvia. The Germans surrendered in November 1918. The Latvians then declared their independence.  The Russians finally recognised Latvian independence by a treaty signed on 11 August 1920.  In 1921 Latvia joined the League of Nations.
  12. 12.  In 1939 the Nazis and the Communists agreed to divide Eastern Europe. Latvia was assigned to the Soviet Union. In July 1940 the Red Army occupied Latvia and in August 1940 Latvia was made part of the Soviet Union. Thousands of Latvians were deported to Siberia or shot.  In June 1941 the Germans invaded the Soviet Union and within weeks they were in control of Latvia. The Nazis then began rounding up Latvian Jews and murdering them.  The Russians captured Riga in October 1944. In the last stages of the war many Latvians fled to the west. After the war tens of thousands of Latvians were deported or killed.  By 1987 Communism was starting to crumble and demonstrations began in Latvia. In 1988 the Popular Front of Latvia was formed. In 1989 the Popular Front demanded full independence for Latvia. Then in March 1990 the Front won a majority in the Latvian Supreme Council. The council issued a declaration of restored independence.  The last Russian troops left Latvia in 1994.
  13. 13.  Uljana Semjonova the 7th tallest woman in the world 2.1m (6’ 11”)  Latvia basketball star  She led the Soviet Olympic basketball team to a gold medal victory in 1976 & 1980  She never lost an official International Competition
  14. 14.  A Latvian Jewish Tailor invented the jeans (Levi Strauss backed him financially.  Jacob Davis partnered with Levi Strauss to bring his invention to the Denim-Clad masses.
  15. 15.  The most popular sport is ice hockey.  Lativa have an international soccer team.  Basketball is big too!
  16. 16. In 2002 Latvia won the Eurovision Song Contest. In 2003 the competition was held in Riga.
  17. 17.  Over 50% of Latvia is covered by forest and its one of the most environmentally friendly countries on the planet, ranking 2nd in the environmental Performance index.
  18. 18. Latvia declared its independence in 1991. Following the collapse of Communism the Latvian economy improved. In 1993 a new currency the Lat was introduced. Completely free parliamentary elections were held in 1993. Latvia joined the World Trade Organisation in 1999. Latvia joins the Euro zone in 2014
  19. 19.  Latvia holds one of the largest song and dance festivals in the world (with over 40’000 participants).  Latvia also has one of the largest collections of Traditional Folk songs in the world , numbering over 300’000.  Choir singers and conductors are celebrities in Latvia.
  20. 20. In Latvia there are Wild Boar, Elk and Red Deer.  In Latvia there are Wolves, Lynx and Racoon Dogs.  Latia has many animals which are common in Ireland such as bats, hares, foxes and seals.
  21. 21.  die 7.12 years sooner  be 27.41% less likely to be unemployed  make 53.75% less money  be 3.3 times more likely to be in prison  be 3.2 times more likely to be murdered  be 2.1 times more likely to die in infancy  spend 78.63% less money on health care  use 43.91% less electricity
  22. 22.  www.rigaoldtownhostel.lv  www.Compare Ireland To Latvia.html  www.latviaBaltic states _ Latvia Travel.html  Google images
  23. 23.  CIA World Factbook  100 cities of the World  Latia – Lonely Planet guide
  24. 24. Mia okeeffe
  25. 25.  Averages. July is the hottest month in Malta with temperature of 27°C and the coldest is January at 13°C with the most daily sunshine hours at 14 in July. The wettest month is November with an average of 108.6mm of rain.
  26. 26. Malta joined the EU the 1st of May 2004 Malta joined the EU the 1st of May 2004
  27. 27.  Joseph Muscat is a Maltese politician who has been Prime Minister of Malta since 2013. Muscat has been leader of the Labour Party since 6 June 2008, and he was Leader of the Opposition from 1 October 2008 to 10 March 2013 The leader of Malta
  28. 28.  The population of malta is 421,400
  29. 29. The currency of Malta is euro
  30. 30.  The flag of Malta is a basic bi-colour, with white in the hoist and red in the fly. A representation of the George Cross, awarded to Malta by George VI of the United Kingdom in 1942, is carried, edged with red, in the canton of the white stripe. The flag of malta
  31. 31.  Malta has a lot of different food  The most popular food in Malta is ………………………….  Timpani it is a baked macaroni dish. The macaroni are cooked in a sauce made with minced meat, tomatoes, onion, garlic and cheese. Some people opt to add bacon and hard-boiled egg to the sauce, with some going even further and adding chicken liver or calf brains to the recipe. The macaroni is then baked in a pastry case, resulting in a rich and filling pasta dish that leaves everyone asking for more!
  32. 32.  a famous person is Gabriela N a Gozitan singer-songwriter, rapper, model and activist from the island of Malta. She hails from Xewkija, Gozo Island, Malta. Besides her native Maltese, she is also fluent in English, Italian and Spanish Famous people
  33. 33.  Here are a few places in malta to visit Cool places
  34. 34.  Malta was once a part of Italy  It’s been an independent country since 1964  . Malta was the 48th happiest country on earth, according to a 2013 UN report.  Malta is one of the world's smallest countries.  The Republic of Malta is actually a group of seven islands.
  35. 35.  This is the capita of Malta it is called Valletta it is populated with about 5,721 since 2013 here is a picture of it 
  36. 36. By Rory O’Sullivan
  37. 37.  The official name for Portugal is Portuguese Republic  The capital of Portugal is Lisbon  Portugal has a population of 10 million people  Portugal joined the EU on the 1st of January 1986
  38. 38.  The President of Portugal Anibal António Cavaco Silva
  39. 39.  The longest river in portugal is The Tagus it is 81,600 square km long  The 2nd longest
  40. 40.  The highest mountain in portagal is mount pico it is 2351m  The 2nd highest mountain in portugal is torre 1993m
  41. 41.  Portagal is 92,212 km squared
  42. 42.  The Portugese soccer team a very good .  There captain is Cristiano Ronaldo he is also really good.
  43. 43.  Portuguese food is mostly fish and bread .
  44. 44.  The beaches in Portugal are lovely ;I have seen them myself;
  45. 45. Slovakia BY VIVIENNE O’SULLIVAN
  46. 46. Flag  This is the Slovakia flag
  47. 47. Flag  The current form of the flag of Slovakia was adopted by Slovakia’s constitution, which came into force at 3rd of September 1992. The flag in common with other Slavic nations, uses the colours white, red and blue.
  48. 48. Population  The population is 5.4 million.  60% are Roman Catholic, with minorities of Protestants, Greek Catholic and Jews.  The capital city Bratislava is populated with 452,288 including about 60,000 university students.  This is a picture of Bratislava on the Slovakia map.
  49. 49. Population
  50. 50. Famous people  Through centuries Slovaks have played an active role in political, military, scientific, cultural and religious affairs.  Military soldiers  Jozef Gabcik  Alexander Petrovic  Jozef Miolosave Hurban Those are just some people, while there are many more soldiers, actors and more!
  51. 51. Country
  52. 52. Currency  Slovakia is quite a large country, surrounded by other countries such as Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Austria.  Slovakia’s currency is the Euro.
  53. 53. Rulers & presidency  Slovakia’s first ever ruler was Michal Kovac he was elected on the 2nd of March 1993 when Slovakia permanently split from Czechoslovakia. Presidential elections have been held in 1999, 2004 and 2009.
  54. 54. Cultures & Food  There are definitely food we eat that they eat too, but there are many other foods.  Like….  BRYNDZOVE HALUSKY  One of the most famous dishes in Slovakia is bryndzove halusky.(sheep cheese gnocchi) sheep cheese gives a unique flavour itself, but it is more tasty with small bacon greeves with chilli or dill. Usually served with a glass of sour milk called zincica.
  55. 55. Cool places to visit
  56. 56. SPAIN BY EIMEAR CULLOO !!!!
  57. 57. o King Charles ||| decided that Spain should have a flag that was clearly distinguishable from those of other countries. From among the proposals submitted to him he chose unequal horizontal stripes of red- yellow-red with the national arms on the yellow near the hoist
  58. 58. The Capital city of Spain is Madrid.
  59. 59. The biggest mountains in Spain are called , The Sierra Nevada (meaning "snowy range" in Spanish) is a mountain range in the region of Andalucia,
  60. 60. The Royal Palace, is Madrid's largest building and possibly its most beautiful. It is located next to the equally beautiful Plaza de Oriente square. It is the biggest royal palace in Europe !
  61. 61. Gaudi designed this beautiful Cathedral Sagrada Familia in Barcelona, in the 1870’s. It has taken over 100 years to build. It is not finished YET !!!!
  62. 62. .Traditionally, you have two surnames in Spain – the first surname from your father, and the second from your mother. .Despite being one of the largest and most powerful countries in the world, Spain did not officially participate in either the First or the Second World War. .Madrid is the capital city of Spain with a population of 3.2 million. .71% of Spain’s population identifies itself as catholic. .The currency used in Spain is the Euro. The currency used in Spain is the Euro. The 1992 Summer Olympic Games were held in Barcelona
  63. 63. Lionel Messi was born Luis Lionel Andres Messi on June 24, 1987, in Rosario, Argentina. As a young boy, he tagged along when his two older brothers played soccer with their friends, unintimidated by the bigger boys. At the age of 8, he was recruited to join the youth system of Newell's Old Boys, a Rosario-based club.
  64. 64. When thinking of Spain's weather your thoughts probably drift to hot sunny days with clear blue skies. Spain does indeed enjoy a generous amount of sunshine, but the country is vast; it has very diverse climates, experiencing a huge range of weather conditions, depending on location. The climate changes from north to south as the country spans many latitudes, and the east and west are different again as they are affected by the Mediterranean and the Atlantic respectively. Coastal areas have very different weather from the central inland regions. The mountains again are different - Spain is in fact Europe's second most mountainous country.
  65. 65. Mariano Rajoy Mariano Rajoy Brey is a Spanish politician who has been the Prime Minister of Spain, since 2011 and leader of the People's Party since 2004
  66. 66. Lanzarote, one of the Canary islands off the coast of West Africa, is known for its year-round warm . It is also one of the most popualar family holiday site in the whole of Spain!!!
  67. 67. Spain's religion…… Freedom of religion is guaranteed by the Spanish Constitution, although the majority of the population is Catholic. Other religions also practised in Spain include Islam, Judaism, Protestantism, and Hinduism, all of which have places where to conduct their rituals.
  68. 68. One of the largest and most important cities in Spain, Valencia is located in the eastern part of the country in the region of Valencia. After redirecting the Turia River, the city constructed its most impressive landmark, a massive cultural and entertainment complex known as the City of Arts and Science. Contained within this complex are several buildings such as a science museum, planetarium and aquarium that are each artistic marvels in and of themselves. Every March, Valencia hosts the Fallas Festival where each neighborhood displays papier-mâché figures of all sizes and colors. At the end of the week, the figures are ceremoniously burned, and the communities party into the night!!
  69. 69.  Spain is the land of fiestas or festivals. In every single city, town and village there is a festival of some kind which gets all the townsfolk out on the streets partying with their neighbours  Las Fallas is one of the more impressive festivals in Spain. This event takes place each March in the Mediterranean city of Valencia. The celebration lasts for a week and includes nonstop fireworks and noisy fanfare. Huge papier-mâché effigies satirizing Spanish and world celebrities fill the city's plazas, turning the town into a veritable wonderland. The tradition started as a holiday to pay tribute to Saint Joseph, Valencia's patron saint. The travel guide iExplore recommends arriving toward the end of the week so you can witness the last evening of the festival, when all the papier-mâché statues are burned.
  70. 70. The countries N,S,E,W of Spain!!! o North : France o South : Algeria o East : Sardinia o West : Portugal
  71. 71. Famous people from Spain!!! o ANDRES SEGOVIA o ANTONIO BANDERAS o AVERROES o CLARA ALONSO o DIEGO VELÁZQUEZ o ELVIRA LINDS o ENRIQUE IGLESIAS o PABLO PICASSO
  72. 72. Spanish food!!!!  Spain has a variety of foods and unique dishes such as paella (a type of rice dish) and tapas (a range of small snacks or appetizers).  Paella is a taste of traditional Spanish cuisine.
  73. 73. By Eoin donnellan (=
  74. 74. It is blue and yellow
  75. 75.  This is the Swedish  map
  76. 76. There are about 9.600 million people living in Sweden
  77. 77. “Eoin ar bast”  means in  Swedish Eoin is the best!
  78. 78.  The capital of Sweden is Stockholm.

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