Changing verbs from_present_to_past


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Changing verbs from_present_to_past

  1. 1. Changing Verbs From Present to Past and Future Second Grade Grammar
  2. 2. Three Tenses of Verbs Verb Tense past present future
  3. 3. Past Tense Verbs <ul><li>Most past tense verbs end in “ed”, but there are several rules to use while changing the present to past tense. </li></ul><ul><li>Past tense verbs tell action that has already happened. </li></ul><ul><li>Some words change spelling to show past tense. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>Beg = begged grow = grew </li></ul><ul><li>Feed = fed like = liked </li></ul><ul><li>Run = ran play = played </li></ul>
  4. 4. Present Tense Verbs <ul><li>Actions that happen now or today </li></ul><ul><li>Some present tense verbs have “ing”, “s”, or “es” on the end of them. </li></ul><ul><li>Clue words: now, today </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>Stays plays hikes drives </li></ul><ul><li>Flies juggles fusses dresses </li></ul><ul><li>Floats jogs runs carries </li></ul>
  5. 5. Future tense verbs <ul><li>Many verbs have the helping verb “will” in front of them to show they will be happening. </li></ul><ul><li>Clue words to look for are: tomorrow, some day, next time, or next week. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>Will play will lead will be happy </li></ul><ul><li>Will have will eat will like </li></ul>
  6. 6. From Present to Past <ul><li>There are five ways to change a verb from present tense to past tense. </li></ul><ul><li>Just add –ed. </li></ul><ul><li>Double the final consonant and add –ed. </li></ul><ul><li>Drop the final e and add –ed. </li></ul><ul><li>Change the y to i and add –ed. </li></ul><ul><li>Change the spelling. </li></ul><ul><li>We did this when we changed a singular noun to a plural noun and with verb agreement too. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Just add -ed <ul><li>Most verbs can change from the present to the past by just adding –ed. </li></ul><ul><li>Today I walk home. </li></ul><ul><li>Yesterday I walked home. </li></ul><ul><li>Did it rain today? </li></ul><ul><li>It rained yesterday. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Doubling the Final Consonant <ul><li>When a present tense verb ends with one vowel and one consonant, double the final consonant and add –ed to make the verb change to past tense. </li></ul><ul><li>Drop the ball. </li></ul><ul><li>He dropped the ball. </li></ul><ul><li>Hop on one foot. </li></ul><ul><li>She hopped on one foot. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Dropping the Final e <ul><li>When a present tense verb ends with a sneaky/silent e, drop the e and add –ed to make the verb change to past tense. </li></ul><ul><li>Skate with me. </li></ul><ul><li>We skated together at the rink. </li></ul><ul><li>I like to shop. </li></ul><ul><li>I liked shopping with you. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Changing y to i <ul><li>When a present tense verb ends with a y, change the y to i and add –ed to make the verb change to past tense. </li></ul><ul><li>Will you help me carry the groceries? </li></ul><ul><li>We carried them to the kitchen. </li></ul><ul><li>Eric asked me to marry him on New Year’s Day. </li></ul><ul><li>We got married on August 2, 1997. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Changing the Spelling <ul><li>Sometimes a present tense verb changes its entire spelling to make the verb change to past tense. If it helps say, “Yesterday I ______,” to help find the right word to use in the past tense. </li></ul><ul><li>We eat lunch at 11:30. </li></ul><ul><li>We ate lunch at 11:30 yesterday. </li></ul><ul><li>Stand straight in line. </li></ul><ul><li>We stood straight in line. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Now its your turn! <ul><li>How can you make these present tense verbs past tense verbs? </li></ul><ul><li>like </li></ul><ul><li>A. liked B. likeed C. likked </li></ul><ul><li>take </li></ul><ul><li>A. taked B. took C. takeed </li></ul>
  13. 13. Try Some More <ul><li>bury </li></ul><ul><li>A. buried B. buryed C. buryyed </li></ul><ul><li>mop </li></ul><ul><li>A. mopped B. moped C. mopeed </li></ul><ul><li>go </li></ul><ul><li>A. goed B. gone C. went </li></ul>
  14. 14. Future Tense <ul><li>The future has not yet happened, but we know it will . </li></ul><ul><li>Add will to the present tense verb to make the future tense. </li></ul><ul><li>Present - Today I go . </li></ul><ul><li>Past - Yesterday I went . </li></ul><ul><li>Future - Tomorrow I will go . </li></ul>
  15. 15. Adding –ing to a present tense verb <ul><li>All the rules used for changing the present tense verb to a past tense verb can also be used when adding –ing to the verb except for changing the spelling and do not drop the “y” when adding –ing. </li></ul><ul><li>Present Past with-ed Present with -ing </li></ul><ul><li>carry carried carrying </li></ul><ul><li>eat ate eating </li></ul><ul><li>walk walked walking </li></ul><ul><li>like liked liking </li></ul><ul><li>drop dropped dropping </li></ul>