Two sides of Cold War• NATO – NorthAtlantic TreatyOrganization• USA, France, GreatBritain, WestGermany• CAPITALISMCAPITALISM• Warsaw Pact – proSoviet countries –USSR, and allcountries controlledby the USSR.• COMMUNISM
Cold War• The Cold War was a time after WW2 whenthe USA and the Soviet Union were rivalsfor world influence.
YALTA (in the USSR)YALTA (in the USSR)Date: Feb 1945Date: Feb 1945Present: Churchill,Present: Churchill,Roosevelt and StalinRoosevelt and Stalin
POTSDAM (Germany)POTSDAM (Germany)Date: July 1945Date: July 1945Present: Churchill,Present: Churchill,Truman and StalinTruman and Stalin
Iron CurtainIron Curtain ––A term used byA term used byWinston ChurchillWinston Churchillto describe theto describe theseparating ofseparating ofThose communistThose communistlands of Eastlands of EastEurope from theEurope from theWest.West.
Improve your knowledge• The Russians took very high casualties tocapture Berlin in May 1945. They spent theearly occupation trying to take over allzones of the city but were stopped byGerman democrats such as Willy Brandtand Konrad Adenauer. Reluctantly theRussians had to admit the Americans,French and British to their respectivezones.
Berlin Wall• Berlin is Germany’s capitalcity.• The Soviets built the wall tokeep communists from escapingto the American sector.
Improve your knowledge• The nuclear bomb gave America a leadwhich was expected to last at least 5years. The rapid Russian development ofnuclear technology, helped by the work ofthe “atom spies” was a shock.Significantly, Russia hurriedly declaredwar against Japan at the beginning ofAugust 1945 and rushed to advance intoAsia to stake out a position for the post-war settlement. This helped make both theKorean and Vietnamese conflicts morelikely.
Marshall PlanUSA’s plan to send food,blankets, fuel to Europe tohelp them. AND to keepthem from turningcommunist.
Korea and Vietnam• USA tried to containcommunism. In both wars,communist troops foughtarmies trained and funded bythe USA.
Communistsinvadedfrom thenorth.China sent amilliontroops tohelp reds.
Korean War• After the failure of the promise of Koreanindependence by the Allied nations, on June25, 1950, communist North Korean troopsinvaded South Korea. Poorly armed, theSouth Koreans were no match for the North.The United Nations ordered North Korea towithdraw its troops. General MacArthurwas appointed to command all UN troops inKorea. After three years of fighting astalemate, more than 54,000 Americantroops perished.
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