Lymphatic and immune system


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  • Hello Marjoriel, I look at you power point andI enjoyed it because you talk about anemia and it condition. The picture were very colorful and easy to follow. Then you talk about aplastic amemia its sound like a disease I never want or wish it on anyone.
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Lymphatic and immune system

  1. 1. Lymphatic and Immune system Aplastic Anemia Iron-deficiency Anemia Sickle Cell Anemia By Marjorie Smith
  2. 2. Anemia <ul><li>Anemia consist of a large group of conditions that affect the blood </li></ul><ul><li>They are characterized by a reduction in the number of red blood cells (RBC) present </li></ul><ul><li>They are characterized by the amount of hemoglobin in the blood </li></ul>
  3. 3. Anemia <ul><li>Overall, Anemia results in the amount of oxygen reaching the body tissues. </li></ul><ul><li>A few types of Anemia are: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Aplastic Anemia </li></ul><ul><li>2. Iron-deficiency Anemia </li></ul><ul><li>3. Sickle Cell Anemia </li></ul>
  4. 4. Anemia
  5. 5. Aplastic Anemia <ul><li>Is a severe form of anemia that results due to the almost failure of functioning red bone marrow </li></ul><ul><li>Red bone marrow is the spongy portion found in long bones </li></ul><ul><li>The red bone marrow produce hematopoietic stem cells that develop into red blood cells(erythrocytes), white blood cells(leukocytes), and platelets (thrombocytes) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Aplastic Anemia <ul><li>Signs and Symptoms </li></ul><ul><li>Infections </li></ul><ul><li>Weakness </li></ul><ul><li>Bleeding </li></ul><ul><li>Fatigue </li></ul>
  7. 7. Aplastic Anemia <ul><li>Treatment may include: </li></ul><ul><li>Immunotherapy </li></ul><ul><li>ATG </li></ul><ul><li>Cyclosporine </li></ul><ul><li>High doses of steroids </li></ul><ul><li>Cyclophosphamide </li></ul><ul><li>Bone marrow transplant </li></ul>
  8. 8. Aplastic Anemia
  9. 9. Iron-deficiency Anemia <ul><li>This form of Anemia results from having insufficient iron which interferes with the synthesis of hemoglobin </li></ul><ul><li>Iron is very important because it helps the body get the oxygen it needs </li></ul><ul><li>Iron is required to make hemoglobin </li></ul>
  10. 10. Iron-deficiency Anemia <ul><li>Hemoglobin is the part of the red blood cell that carries oxygen to the cells of the body </li></ul><ul><li>A poor supply of iron causes the body to make few and smaller red blood cells </li></ul><ul><li>Less red blood cells means less oxygen to the body cells </li></ul><ul><li>Less oxygen in the blood can lead to other medical disorder </li></ul>
  11. 11. Iron-deficiency Anemia <ul><li>Causes of iron-deficiency anemia: </li></ul><ul><li>Heavy menstrual bleeding </li></ul><ul><li>Not enough iron in food </li></ul><ul><li>Bleeding inside the body </li></ul>
  12. 12. Iron-deficiency Anemia <ul><li>Signs and symptoms: </li></ul><ul><li>Weakness </li></ul><ul><li>Dizziness </li></ul><ul><li>Headaches </li></ul><ul><li>Pale in color </li></ul><ul><li>Short of breath </li></ul><ul><li>Trouble concentrating </li></ul>
  13. 13. Iron-deficiency Anemia <ul><li>The doctor can run a complete blood count or iron test to determine if it is iron deficient anemia </li></ul><ul><li>Treatment includes taking a iron supplement and eating iron rich foods </li></ul>
  14. 14. Sickle Cell Anemia <ul><li>Sickle cell anemia is a genetic disorder that affect the red blood cells </li></ul><ul><li>It affects almost 100,000 people in the U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>It cause the erthrocytes to change from their normal biconcave shape to an abnormal form “sickle” shape </li></ul><ul><li>The sickle shaped cells are more fragile and easily damaged than normal shaped red blood cells </li></ul>
  15. 15. Sickle Cell Anemia <ul><li>Normal red blood cells are rounded, biconcaved disk </li></ul><ul><li>Sickle cells are shaped like a sickle </li></ul><ul><li>Sickle cells carry less oxygen to the body </li></ul>
  16. 16. Sickle Cell Anemia <ul><li>Sickle shaped red blood cells live only 10-20 days </li></ul><ul><li>Normal red blood cells live 120 days </li></ul><ul><li>Sickle cells tend to clump together causing damage to vessels </li></ul>
  17. 17. Sickle Cell Anemia <ul><li>Sickle Cell block blood flow </li></ul><ul><li>Cause damage to blood vessels </li></ul><ul><li>Cause damage to vital organs </li></ul><ul><li>brain liver </li></ul><ul><li>heart bones </li></ul><ul><li>lungs spleen </li></ul><ul><li>kidneys </li></ul>
  18. 18. Sickle Cell Anemia <ul><li>Signs and Symptoms </li></ul><ul><li>Severe pain </li></ul><ul><li>Anemia </li></ul><ul><li>Chest pain, difficulty breathing </li></ul><ul><li>Joint pain, arthritis </li></ul><ul><li>Blockage of blood flow </li></ul>
  19. 19. Sickle Cell Anemia <ul><li>Diagnosis </li></ul><ul><li>Test: hemoglobin electrophoresis </li></ul><ul><li>Pre-natal testing </li></ul><ul><li>Treatment </li></ul><ul><li>Treatment include </li></ul><ul><li>Opioid pain medications </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-inflammatory medications (ibuprofen) </li></ul><ul><li>Oxygen </li></ul><ul><li>Intravenous or oral fluids </li></ul>
  20. 20. Works Cited <ul><li>Kujovich, Jody, M.D. “Pain Management: </li></ul><ul><li>Sickle Cell Disease” WebMD. 27Jan </li></ul><ul><li>2010. 28 Oct 2011. Web </li></ul><ul><li>WebMD Medical Reference from </li></ul><ul><li>Healthwise. 28 Oct 2011. Web </li></ul><ul><li>WebMD Medical Reference from the </li></ul><ul><li>National Organization of Rare Disease. 28 Oct </li></ul><ul><li>2011.Web </li></ul><ul><li> image search. 28 Oct 2011. Web </li></ul>