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Scientific revolutionpowerpoint

  2. 2. ESSENTIAL QUESTIONESSENTIAL QUESTIONWhat were theWhat were the importantimportantcontributions of scientistscontributions of scientistslike Copernicus, Kepler,like Copernicus, Kepler,Galileo, and Newton duringGalileo, and Newton duringthethe Scientific Revolution?Scientific Revolution?
  3. 3. The Scientific Revolutionwas a time period(starting in the mid-1500s) in Europe wherenew ways of thinkingabout the natural worldcame aboutThe ideas of the ancientscientists (Greeks andRomans) and of the CatholicChurch were challenged bythe new breed of scientistsin Europe
  4. 4. During this era of the Scientific Revolution, Europeexperienced a time when new ideas in physics,astronomy, biology, and anatomy changed theways Europeans viewed the world
  5. 5. To prove these newideas, the scientistsbegan using the“scientific method”,which is a logicalprocedure forgathering informationand testing ideas
  6. 6. Before the 1500s,science was a mix ofancient ideas andChurch teachings; forcenturies, no onechallenged these oldscientific beliefsBut the new ways ofthinking in the 1500sled to a more rationalapproach to science:observation,experiments, andscientific reasoning
  7. 7. Thinkers usedlogic and thescientificmethod to findanswers toquestionsEverything wasquestioned andnothing wasassumed to betrue; it had to bePROVEN true
  8. 8. A TIME OF GREAT CHANGEIt is because of the influences of the majormovements in Europe during the 1500s that theScientific Revolution came aboutThe Renaissance, the ProtestantReformation, and the Age ofExploration all made theScientific Revolution happen
  9. 9. REASONS FOR THE SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTIONThe Scientific Revolutionbegan in the mid-1500sbecause of recentdiscoveries in other areasof European lifeDuring the Renaissance,people began to questionreligious beliefs andthought that humans couldaccomplish anythingThis belief in thepossibilities of humanachievement led to greatleaps in science
  10. 10. Questioning religiousbeliefs led to peoplealso questioning theChurch’s long-heldscientific beliefsThe ProtestantReformation also hadan effect on theScientific RevolutionBecause of theReformation, peoplequestioned theCatholic Church’sreligious beliefsREASONS FOR THE SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION
  11. 11. REASONS FOR THE SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTIONThe 1500s were alsothe time of Europe’sAge of ExplorationThe discovery oflands previouslyunknown toEuropeans ledpeople to search forother “new” things,such as newscientific ideasParticularly, explorers were interested in bettertechnology that would help them explore (such asship-building, navigational devices, and weapons)
  12. 12. What were some of the keyideas of the ScientificRevolution?
  14. 14. Polish scientist Nicolaus Copernicus proposed that theEarth and other planets revolve around the Sun, anidea known as the “heliocentric theory”
  15. 15. Before, people believed in theGreek theory that the Sunrevolved around the EarthCopernicus’ idea radically changedEurope’s concept of the universe andwas the foundation of modern
  16. 16. Johannes Kepler, a German astronomerand mathematician, proved Copernicus’theory to be true
  17. 17. Kepler also proposed that planets movein elliptical orbits (not in perfect circles)and do not always travel at the samespeed around the Sun
  19. 19. GALILEO GALILEIGalileo was one of the most influential scientists of all timeSome of Galileo’saccomplishments: (1) heimproved the telescope(2) He made observationsabout the Moon and ourSolar system(3) He created the Law ofInertia and (4) heperfected the scientificmethod
  20. 20. Galileo’s work got him introuble with the CatholicChurch when hechallenged their long-heldscientific beliefsThe theory he challengedwas the incorrect geocentrictheory; with this, the Sunand planets all revolvearound the Earth
  21. 21. The Church always taught that God considered humans hisgreatest creation and made Earth the center of the UniverseGalileo’s teachings completely went against the Church’sbeliefs, so he was brought before the Inquisition
  22. 22. Under the threat oftorture, Galileo wasforced to recant(deny) his ideasabout the Sun beingat the centerGalileo spent the restof his life underhouse arrest, but hisideas spread andlived on, inspiringfuture scientists
  23. 23. ISAAC NEWTONIsaac Newtonwas an Englishscientist whomade manybreakthroughs inthe field ofphysics
  24. 24. ISAAC NEWTONNewton discovered and explainedthe theory of gravity
  25. 25. He also studied the physics of motion, heat, andlight and created the mathematical field ofcalculus to prove his theoriesThe mythicalstory of Newtonbeing inspiredby an applehitting him onthe head
  26. 26. ANATOMY
  27. 27. WILLIAM HARVEYWilliam Harvey was an English doctor whoproved that blood circulates through the bodyand is pumped by the heart
  28. 28. ANATOMY
  29. 29. ANDREAS VESALIUSAndreas Vesalius studied human anatomy,dissecting human corpsesHis work added to European knowledge of thehuman body for the first time in 150 years; thismarked the beginning of modern medical science
  30. 30. THE SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTIONSPREADSthermometer eyeglasses microscopeBecause of these new ideas, newinventions came about during theScientific Revolution
  31. 31. WHY DOES THE SCIENTIFICREVOLUTION MATTER TOYOU?The Scientific Revolutionshaped the world we livein today; if not for thefirst steps of thosescientists, the way welive, think, travel,communicate, and areentertained might beVERY different
  32. 32. Originally created byChristopher JaskowiakThanks to Brooks Baggett forsome of the slides