Filmterminology

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Filmterminology

  1. 1. Film Terminology and Cinematic Effects Filmmaking 101 October 2007
  2. 2. “ Every shot, scene, detail is a choice.”
  3. 3. Terminology and Effects <ul><li>Shots </li></ul><ul><li>Focus </li></ul><ul><li>Angles </li></ul><ul><li>Movement </li></ul><ul><li>Lighting </li></ul><ul><li>Sound </li></ul><ul><li>Editing </li></ul>
  4. 4. Long Shot <ul><li>Shot showing their entire body. </li></ul><ul><li>Establishes the scene (like skyline) </li></ul><ul><li>Show separation or distance between characters </li></ul>
  5. 6. Close-up or Close Shot <ul><li>The object or subject takes up 80% of the screen space. </li></ul><ul><li>Appears very large. </li></ul><ul><li>Also, “what is not in the picture” is important too. </li></ul>
  6. 8. Medium Shot <ul><li>Between a long and close-up. </li></ul><ul><li>Lacks much cinematic effect. </li></ul><ul><li>Most TV shows are filmed at this distance. </li></ul><ul><li>Can show more context and setting. </li></ul>
  7. 10. Soft Focus <ul><li>Creates a soft texture. </li></ul><ul><li>Slightly out of focus </li></ul><ul><li>Romantic movies or close-ups. </li></ul>
  8. 12. Rack Focus <ul><li>Certain objects in the shot are in focus. </li></ul><ul><li>Uses focus to draw viewer’s attention to particular details in your film. </li></ul>
  9. 15. Deep Focus <ul><li>Both objects in the foreground and the background are in focus. </li></ul><ul><li>Creates greater sense of reality. </li></ul><ul><li>Provides a lot of information in the scene. </li></ul>
  10. 17. Angles <ul><li>Where the camera will be placed in relation to the subject. </li></ul><ul><li>Low, high, eye-level, and Dutch angle. </li></ul>
  11. 18. Low Angle <ul><li>Creates the effect of making the subject more significant, dominating, powerful, and in control. </li></ul><ul><li>Important for creating stronger characters in your movies. </li></ul>
  12. 20. High Angle <ul><li>Opposite effect of low angle </li></ul><ul><li>Camera is above the subject of the shot. </li></ul><ul><li>Subjects appear much weaker, smaller, and powerless. </li></ul>
  13. 22. Eye Level Angle <ul><li>The usual approach in filmmaking. </li></ul><ul><li>The camera is at the same level as the subject of the shot. </li></ul><ul><li>“Neutral shot” </li></ul>
  14. 24. Dutch Angle <ul><li>“All is Not Well” angle. </li></ul><ul><li>Camera is tilted slightly; image appears sideways within the frame. </li></ul><ul><li>Creates tension, evil or a dangerous situation. </li></ul>
  15. 26. Camera Movement <ul><li>Pan </li></ul><ul><li>Tilt </li></ul><ul><li>Zoom </li></ul><ul><li>Tracking or Dolly Shots </li></ul>
  16. 27. Pan <ul><li>The camera moves across the horizontal axis. </li></ul><ul><li>Usually used to introduce setting. </li></ul><ul><li>Used from the point of view of characters as they take in their surroundings. </li></ul>Sample Panning
  17. 28. Tilting <ul><li>Communicates distance, strength and size. </li></ul><ul><li>Camera is tilted along the vertical axis. </li></ul><ul><li>Looking up a mountain. </li></ul>Sample Tilting
  18. 29. Zooming <ul><li>The camera moves in closer on a detail in a scene. </li></ul><ul><li>Directs the audience’s attention to a detail that is extremely important to the story </li></ul>Sample Zoom-In
  19. 30. Tracking or Dolly shots <ul><li>Whenever the camera actually moves, it is called a tracking or dolly shot. </li></ul><ul><li>Most cinematic effect because we follow the action instead of watch what passes by us. </li></ul><ul><li>“Use a chair with wheels.” </li></ul>Sample Tracking Shot
  20. 31. Lighting “Lighting is one of the most important tools to assist the viewer in understanding characters, setting, tone and theme.” <ul><li>Low-Key Lighting </li></ul><ul><li>High-Key Lighting </li></ul><ul><li>Neutral Lighting </li></ul><ul><li>Bottom/Side Lighting </li></ul><ul><li>Front Lighting </li></ul>
  21. 32. Low vs. High Key Lighting <ul><li>High Key lighting is a scene shot in very bright light. Everything is clear and visible. </li></ul><ul><li>Low Key Lighting contains shadows, darkness and patches of bright light. </li></ul>
  22. 34. Neutral Lighting <ul><li>All shots do not have to be either high or low key. </li></ul><ul><li>Some shots have a balanced lighting (most common in TV shows) </li></ul>
  23. 35. Bottom/Side Lighting <ul><li>Lighting projected on the bottom or the side of something to create an effect. </li></ul><ul><li>Usually used to create characters that are evil or conflicted. </li></ul>
  24. 37. Front Lighting <ul><li>Light directed evenly across a subject. </li></ul><ul><li>Used to show innocence or openness </li></ul><ul><li>Often with Hollywood actresses. </li></ul>

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