Advanced Writing Strategies

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Afternoon workshop presentation, given to a group of English teachers and teachers-in-training in Ledesma, Argentina

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Advanced Writing Strategies

  1. 1. Advanced Writing Strategies School-wide plans and long-term assignments
  2. 2. Creating a School-Wide Plan <ul><ul><li>A good school writing plan is: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Uniform </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Progressive </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cumulative </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Teaching skills and content </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Sample School Plan Use quotes Intro/concl. paragraphs Skills Reading and research reading Memory Source(s) 3 pages 2 pages 1 page Length GRADE 9 GRADE 8 GRADE 7
  4. 4. Example of Progressing Skills <ul><li>Grade 7: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All students write essays using main idea “The Ancient Greeks and Romans had similar militaries, governments, and religions.” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Grade 8: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All students write essays answer question “How did the works of (artist) reflect the ideas of the Renaissance?” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Grade 9: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All students write an essay about World War I that addresses the issue of morality in war. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Results <ul><li>Students all learn basic skills early that they use constantly throughout school. </li></ul><ul><li>Students are able to adapt those skills to a variety of assignments. </li></ul><ul><li>Constant practice will develop strong writing skills. </li></ul><ul><li>After three years, we saw dramatic improvement in our schools because of a uniform approach. </li></ul>
  6. 6. LONG TERM WRITING ASSIGNMENTS Research-Based Academic Papers
  7. 7. Expanding the Five Steps <ul><li>The 5 Step method can be applied to advanced writing: </li></ul><ul><li>Think = Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Gather Information = Research </li></ul><ul><li>Organize </li></ul><ul><li>Write </li></ul><ul><li>Edit </li></ul>
  8. 8. Designing Long Writing Assignments <ul><li>Determine minimum length (pages vs. word count?) </li></ul><ul><li>Establish a timeline </li></ul><ul><li>Monitor progress by having students turn in pieces of the assignments </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Notes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Outline </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rough Draft </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Plagiarism <ul><li>Plagiarism cannot be tolerated, and students must learn early to use their own words and ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Practice paraphrasing with students during class so they become used to rewording </li></ul><ul><li>What needs a citation? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Direct quote </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Very close paraphrase </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exact statistics or data that is not found in multiple sources. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Crediting Sources <ul><li>All students using outside sources should create a Works Cited Page (Bibliography) </li></ul><ul><li>Works Cited Page must be properly formatted. </li></ul><ul><li>Quotations or paraphrased words used in writing must include a citation. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: …sentence ends here. (Keyes, 54) </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Remember… <ul><li>It takes a long time to become a good writer </li></ul><ul><li>Even when one is competent, writing takes time </li></ul><ul><li>Students need instruction and practice to develop good writing skills. </li></ul>

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