Interim 1 review

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Interim 1 review

  1. 1. INTERIM 1 REVIEW By- Ms. Caruso
  2. 2. Question 1 <ul><li>A rock is generally made up of a mixture of ______________. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Answer 1 <ul><li>A rock is generally made up of a mixture of minerals and other materials </li></ul>
  4. 4. Question 2 <ul><li>A rock that contains a metal or economically useful mineral is called an ______________ </li></ul>
  5. 5. Answer 2 <ul><li>A rock that contains a metal or economically useful mineral is called an ore </li></ul>
  6. 6. Question 3 <ul><li>A rock’s texture refers to the __________, ______________, and _____________ of the rock’s mineral grains. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Answer 3 <ul><li>A rock’s texture refers to the Size, shape , and pattern of the rock’s mineral grains. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Question 4 <ul><li>When all the grains are small and difficult to see the rock has a _________ texture. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Answer 4 <ul><li>When all the grains are small and difficult to see the rock has a Fine texture. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Question 5 <ul><li>When all the grains are so small they cannot be seen even with a microscope the rock has a _____________ texture. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Answer 5 <ul><li>When all the grains are so small they cannot be seen even with a microscope the rock has a glassy texture. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Question 6 <ul><li>When all the grains are large and easy to see the rock has a _______ texture. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Answer 6 <ul><li>When all the grains are large and easy to see the rock has a coarse texture. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Question 7 <ul><li>Igneous rock that formed from lava that cools on the surface is called __________ igneous rock. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Answer 7 <ul><li>Igneous rock that formed from lava that cools on the surface is called extrusive igneous rock. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Question 8 <ul><li>Rock that forms from the cooling of magma or lava is called _____________ rock. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Answer 8 <ul><li>Rock that forms from the cooling of magma or lava is called igneous rock. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Question 9 <ul><li>Igneous rock that formed from magma cooling below the surface is called _____________ igneous rock. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Answer 9 <ul><li>Igneous rock that formed from magma cooling below the surface is called intrusive igneous rock. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Question 10 <ul><li>An igneous rock that has a course grain texture like granite, would be an __________________ igneous rock. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Answer 10 <ul><li>An igneous rock that has a course grain texture like granite, would be an intrusive igneous rock. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Question 11 <ul><li>An igneous rock that has a fine grain texture like basalt would be an ________ igneous rock. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Answer 11 <ul><li>An igneous rock that has a fine grain texture like basalt would be an extrusive igneous rock. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Question 12 <ul><li>What is the most abundant intrusive igneous rock? Extrusive? </li></ul>
  25. 25. Answer 12 <ul><li>What is the most abundant intrusive igneous rock? Extrusive? </li></ul><ul><li>Granite, Basalt </li></ul>
  26. 26. Question 13 <ul><li>Where do metamorphic rocks form? </li></ul>
  27. 27. Answer 13 <ul><li>Where do metamorphic rocks form? </li></ul><ul><li>Deep underground </li></ul>
  28. 28. Question 14 <ul><li>___________ and __________ deep beneath the Earth’s surface can change any rock into a metamorphic rock. </li></ul>
  29. 29. Answer 14 <ul><li>Heat and pressure deep beneath the Earth’s surface can change any rock into a metamorphic rock. </li></ul>
  30. 30. Question 15 <ul><li>A _______________ metamorphic rock has mineral grains that are arranged into layers and split easily. </li></ul>
  31. 31. Answer 15 <ul><li>A foliated metamorphic rock has mineral grains that are arranged into layers and split easily. </li></ul>
  32. 32. Question 16 <ul><li>A ___________________ metamorphic rock has mineral grains that are arranged randomly and do NOT split into layers. </li></ul>
  33. 33. Answer 16 <ul><li>A nonfoliated metamorphic rock has mineral grains that are arranged randomly and do NOT split into layers. </li></ul>
  34. 34. Question 17 <ul><li>A type of sedimentary rock formed when rock fragments are squeezed together is called _______________. </li></ul>
  35. 35. Answer 17 <ul><li>A type of sedimentary rock formed when rock fragments are squeezed together is called clastic . </li></ul>
  36. 36. Question 18 <ul><li>The process in which dissolved minerals crystallize (harden) and glue particles of sediment together is called ___________. </li></ul>
  37. 37. Answer 18 <ul><li>The process in which dissolved minerals crystallize (harden) and glue particles of sediment together is called cementation . </li></ul>
  38. 38. Question 19 <ul><li>__________________ is the process by which rocks are broken into smaller pieces. </li></ul>
  39. 39. Answer 19 <ul><li>Weathering is the process by which rocks are broken into smaller pieces. </li></ul>
  40. 40. Question 20 <ul><li>When rocks are weathered, the smaller pieces of rocks are called ___________________. </li></ul>
  41. 41. Answer 20 <ul><li>When rocks are weathered, the smaller pieces of rocks are called sediments . </li></ul>
  42. 42. Question 21 <ul><li>______________ is the process by which sediments are pressed together in layers. </li></ul>
  43. 43. Answer 21 <ul><li>Compaction is the process by which sediments are pressed together in layers. </li></ul>
  44. 44. Question 22 <ul><li>_______________ is the process by which sediment is moved to another location. </li></ul>
  45. 45. Answer 22 <ul><li>Erosion is the process by which sediment is moved to another location. </li></ul>
  46. 46. Question 23 <ul><li>The ___________ ____________ is a series of processes on Earth’s surface and interior that slowly changes rocks from one kind to another. </li></ul>
  47. 47. Answer 23 <ul><li>The Rock Cycle is a series of processes on Earth’s surface and interior that slowly changes rocks from one kind to another. </li></ul>
  48. 48. Question 24 <ul><li>In the rock cycle, before a metamorphic rock can be changed into a sedimentary rock it must ___________________. </li></ul>
  49. 49. Answer 24 <ul><li>In the rock cycle, before a metamorphic rock can be changed into a sedimentary rock it must go through WEDCC . </li></ul>
  50. 50. Question 25 <ul><li>In the rock cycle, before a sedimentary rock can be changed into a metamorphic rock it must __________________. </li></ul>
  51. 51. Answer 25 <ul><li>In the rock cycle, before a sedimentary rock can be changed into a metamorphic rock it must undergo extreme heat and pressure. </li></ul>
  52. 52. Question 26 <ul><li>The preserved remains or traces of an organism is called a _____________. </li></ul>
  53. 53. Answer 26 <ul><li>The preserved remains or traces of an organism is called a fossil . </li></ul>
  54. 54. Question 27 <ul><li>Most fossils form when living things die and their remains are buried by _______________. </li></ul>
  55. 55. Answer 27 <ul><li>Most fossils form when living things die and their remains are buried by sediment . </li></ul>
  56. 56. Question 28 <ul><li>____________ is the process by which all the different kinds of living things have changed over long periods of time. </li></ul>
  57. 57. Answer 28 <ul><li>Evolution is the process by which all the different kinds of living things have changed over long periods of time. </li></ul>
  58. 58. Question 29 <ul><li>What evidence to geologist use to determine where one unit of geologic time ends and when the next unit begins? </li></ul>
  59. 59. Answer 29 <ul><li>What evidence to geologist use to determine where one unit of geologic time ends and when the next unit begins? Fossil Records </li></ul>
  60. 60. Question 30 <ul><li>The age of a rock compared to the ages of other rocks is describing the __________ age. </li></ul>
  61. 61. Answer 30 <ul><li>The age of a rock compared to the ages of other rocks is describing the relative age. </li></ul>
  62. 62. Question 31 <ul><li>The law of superposition states that in horizontal sedimentary rock layers, each layer is ___________ than the one above it. </li></ul>
  63. 63. Answer 31 <ul><li>The law of superposition states that in horizontal sedimentary rock layers, each layer is older than the one above it. </li></ul>
  64. 64. Question 32 <ul><li>The Principle of _______________ states that landforms on Earth were created through slow, gradual geologic processes rather than by a catastrophic event. </li></ul>
  65. 65. Answer 32 <ul><li>The Principle of uniformatarianism states that landforms on Earth were created through slow, gradual geologic processes rather than by a catastrophic event. </li></ul>
  66. 66. Question 33 <ul><li>A _______ fossil is a type of fossil that is widely distributed and only lived for a short period of time. </li></ul>
  67. 67. Answer 33 <ul><li>An index fossil is a type of fossil that is widely distributed and only lived for a short period of time. </li></ul>
  68. 68. Question 34 <ul><li>Radioactive dating enables geologists to determine the ________ age of rocks and fossils. </li></ul>
  69. 69. Answer 34 <ul><li>Radioactive dating enable geologist to determine the absolute age of rocks and fossils. </li></ul>
  70. 70. Question 35 <ul><li>The Precambrian Time which includes most of Earth’s history begins with what event? </li></ul>
  71. 71. Answer 35 <ul><li>The Precambrian Time which includes most of Earth’s history begins with what event? The formation of Earth </li></ul>
  72. 72. Question 36 <ul><li>About 250 million years ago, all the continents moved together to form one single land mass called ________. </li></ul>
  73. 73. Answer 36 <ul><li>About 250 million years ago, all the continents moved together to form one single land mass called pangaea . </li></ul>
  74. 74. Question 37 <ul><li>Currently we are in the ___________ Era. </li></ul>
  75. 75. Answer 37 <ul><li>Currently we are in the Cenozoic Era. </li></ul>
  76. 76. Question 38 <ul><li>If a coal deposit if found in Antarctica, what can you infer about the past environment of that area? </li></ul>
  77. 77. Answer 38 <ul><li>If a coal deposit if found in Antarctica, what can you infer about the past environment of that area? </li></ul><ul><li>It was once warm and swampy </li></ul>
  78. 78. Question 39 <ul><li>If a fossilized marine organism was found in a desert, what can you infer about the past environment of that area? </li></ul>
  79. 79. Answer 39 <ul><li>If a fossilized marine organism was found in a desert, what can you infer about the past environment of that area? </li></ul><ul><li>It was once under salt water </li></ul>
  80. 80. Question 40 <ul><li>What information can fossils provide for us? </li></ul>
  81. 81. Answer 40 <ul><li>What information can fossils provide for us? </li></ul><ul><li>Evidence of how life has changed over time ( simple to complex) </li></ul><ul><li>Scientist can infer about how earth’s surface has changed. </li></ul><ul><li>Clues to what past environments were like.(climate) </li></ul>
  82. 82. Question 41 <ul><li>A _______________ resource is one that can be replaced at the same rate at which it is consumed. </li></ul>
  83. 83. Answer 41 <ul><li>A renewable resource is one that can be replaced at the same rate at which it is consumed. </li></ul>
  84. 84. Question 42 <ul><li>A _______________ resource is one that can NOT be replaced at the same rate at which it is consumed. </li></ul>
  85. 85. Answer 42 <ul><li>A nonrenewable resource is one that can NOT be replaced at the same rate at which it is consumed. </li></ul>
  86. 86. Question 43 <ul><li>__________ ___________ are considered nonrenewable because they take millions of years for Earth to make them. </li></ul>
  87. 87. Answer 43 <ul><li>Fossil Fuels are considered nonrenewable because they take millions of years for Earth to make them. </li></ul>
  88. 88. Question 44 <ul><li>The three main fossil fuels are __________, ___________, and __________ _____. </li></ul>
  89. 89. Answer 44 <ul><li>The three main fossil fuels are coal, oil and natural gas. </li></ul>
  90. 90. Question 45 <ul><li>Of the three fossil fuels, _________ ________ produces the least amount of air pollution. </li></ul>
  91. 91. Answer 45 <ul><li>Of the three fossil fuels, natural gas produces the least amount of air pollution. </li></ul>
  92. 92. Question 46 <ul><li>_______________ energy uses the Earth’s heat to produce energy. </li></ul>
  93. 93. Answer 46 <ul><li>Geothermal energy uses the Earth’s heat to produce energy. </li></ul>
  94. 94. Question 47 <ul><li>_______________ power uses the heat produced from nuclear fission reactions. </li></ul>
  95. 95. Answer 47 <ul><li>Nuclear power uses the heat produced from nuclear fission reactions. </li></ul>
  96. 96. Question 48 <ul><li>____________ power uses the movement of large quantities of water near the coastline to produce energy. </li></ul>
  97. 97. Answer 48 <ul><li>Tidal power uses the movement of large quantities of water near the coastline to produce energy. </li></ul>
  98. 98. Question 49 <ul><li>___________ is formed from the remains of plants and animals. </li></ul>
  99. 99. Answer 49 <ul><li>Coal is formed from the remains of plants and animals. </li></ul>
  100. 100. Question 50 <ul><li>______________ and _______ ____ is formed from the remains of tiny marine organisms. </li></ul>
  101. 101. Answer 50 <ul><li>Oil and Natural Gas is formed from the remains of tiny marine organisms. </li></ul>
  102. 102. Question 51 <ul><li>____________ produces the greatest amount of electricity in the US. </li></ul>
  103. 103. Answer 51 <ul><li>Coal produces the greatest amount of electricity in the US. </li></ul>
  104. 104. Question 52 <ul><li>Energy ___________ is reducing or wisely using energy to avoid its waste. </li></ul>
  105. 105. Answer 52 <ul><li>Energy conservation is reducing or wisely using energy to avoid its waste. </li></ul>
  106. 106. Question 53 <ul><li>Switching the crops you plant in different fields from year to year is an example of _________ ______________. </li></ul>
  107. 107. Answer 53 <ul><li>Switching the crops you plant in different fields from year to year is an example of crop rotation . </li></ul>
  108. 108. Question 54 <ul><li>A home that has good _________________ will conserve energy by blocking the transfer of heat between the air inside and outside. </li></ul>
  109. 109. Answer 54 <ul><li>A home that has good conservation will conserve energy by blocking the transfer of heat between the air inside and outside. </li></ul>
  110. 110. Question 55 <ul><li>As our demand for energy increases and our supply of fossil fuels decreases, as a result we will become more dependent on using ____________ energy sources. </li></ul>
  111. 111. Answer 55 <ul><li>As our demand for energy increases and our supply of fossil fuels decreases, as a result we will become more dependent on using alternative energy sources. </li></ul>

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