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The shaping of new sustainable housing concepts


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Presentation of preliminary results from research project about innovation processes in sustainable housing projects

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The shaping of new sustainable housing concepts

  1. 1. The shaping of new sustainable housing concepts in DenmarkJAOCC – Aalborg - 10 June 2009 – Session 43<br />Michael Søgaard Jørgensen <br />Department of Management Engineering Technical University of Denmark (<br />
  2. 2. Preliminaryresults from research project<br />Othermembers of projectgroup:<br />Jesper Ole Jensen, National Building Research Institute, Aalborg University, Denmark<br />Erik HagelskjærLauridsen, Department of Management Engineering, Technical University of Denmark<br />Maj-Britt Quitzau, Department of Management Engineering, Technical University of Denmark<br />Morten Elle, Department of Management Engineering, Technical University of Denmark<br />Annette Bilfeldt, Department of Management Engineering, Technical University of Denmark<br />Funding: Realdania + Aase & EjnarDanielsens Fund<br />
  3. 3. Project focus<br />A number of new sustainable housing projects<br />Although the existing buildings are more important…<br />What type of actors are initiating this kind of housing projects and why?<br />What type of actors and entities are involved in the planning of the houses <br />Interactions taking place?<br />New or existing relations? <br />What role has standards played in the planning of the houses? <br />What issues in relation to resource consumption and environmental impact have been addressed? What strategies were developed for these issues? <br />
  4. 4. Theoreticalframework<br />Theories within the approach of social shaping of technology (SST)<br />Each sustainable housing project is seen as part of an ongoing interaction between <br />Environmental discourses <br />Environmental strategies, <br />The dynamics of the construction sector<br />The dynamics of municipalities <br />The dynamics of living conditions<br />Focus on the development of scripts for a housing project, <br />including the role of boundary objects and brokers, and product chains<br />Case-based linked to mechanisms of diffusion of strategies within a sector:<br /> coming from ‘where’ – going to ‘where’<br />
  5. 5. Different initiators to new sustainable housing projects:<br />Municipal administrative staff in order to influence future construction of houses in the local area<br />Local green intermediary in order to make sustainable houses which may attract ordinary citizens<br />Building component company in order to initiate development of new building concepts<br />Co-operative housing association to support development of more sustainable housing concepts<br />
  6. 6. Enrollingactors in housingprojects<br />Enrollingpoliticians<br />Enrollingconstructioncompanies<br />Enrollingcitizens<br />Shaped by other agendas:<br />Attraction of strongcitizens to localarea<br />Demand and supplywithin the housingmarket<br />
  7. 7. The role of standards, concepts etc.<br />The new Danish construction guidelines for new houses with stronger demands for the energy consumption and efficiency <br />The new Nordic eco-labeling guidelines for family houses <br />Local guidelines for housing projects <br />Internal company standards for houses: focus on existing suppliers<br />The passive house concept<br />
  8. 8. Sustainabilityfocus<br />Mainlyenergyfocus<br />Somefocusonbuildingmaterials and theirenvironmental and healthimpacts (PVC etc.)<br />
  9. 9. Type of innovation<br />Sticking to existingconceptthat is modified as little as possible<br />Enrollingforeignarchitect in order to getbeyond ’the tootraditional Danish architects’<br />Need for more research in the mechanisms of innovation and diffusion<br />
  10. 10. Whatenvironmentaladvantagesareachieved?<br />Achieving the predicted low energy consumption was difficult in a project<br />Another project showed attempts from the construction company to ensure the predicted low energy consumption<br />Providing instructions for use and maintenance<br />Need for more detailed studies of the citizens’ actual domestication of new sustainable houses<br />Design-in-use<br />Description of the developed script for a housing project<br />Understand those processes by which technologies are made to work (or not work) and are given meaning by households through acquisition, placement, interpretation and integration. <br />