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Music Therapy for Reading Intervention


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Presented October 5, 2013 at the Association of Ohio Music Therapists State Conference, Ohio University. Review of basic reading instruction concepts for music therapists.

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Music Therapy for Reading Intervention

  1. 1. Music Therapy as Reading Intervention Association of Ohio Music Therapists State Conference October 5, 2013 By Mimi Sinclair, MM-MT-BC
  2. 2. Literacy Defined The ability to use language and images in rich and varied form to read, write, listen, speak, view, represent, and think critically about ideas. It enables us to share information, to interact with others, and to make meaning. Reading is one component of Literacy
  3. 3. • A cognitive process • A psychological process • A social process • A physiological process • An emerging process • A language process • Represents linguistic intelligence What is Reading?
  4. 4. • A complex human behavior • Not just one process, but many • Visually-mediated language skill • The process whereby meaning is derived from text Definitions of Reading
  5. 5. Printed Word Recognition Language Compre- hension READING Simple View of Reading
  6. 6. More Wholistic View of Reading
  7. 7. National Reading Panel Findings Best approach to reading instruction incorporates explicit instruction in: • Phonemic Awareness • Phonics Instruction • Fluency • Vocabulary • Reading Comprehension
  8. 8. • DIBELS FREE materials for educational use. Training manuals provided. • OBSERVATIONS Basic Skills Checklists by Breitenbach • Informal Reading Assessments fs/readingpdfs/cooltoolsall.pdf Assessment Tools
  9. 9. • Phonological Awareness has been shown to be a more potent predictor of reading success than either intelligence, vocabulary, or reading comprehension. • PA is the awareness of sound structure, the ability to notice, think about, and/or manipulate units of sound. Why Music Based Interventions?
  10. 10. • Word awareness • Rhyming awareness • Syllable awareness • Phonemic awareness Phonological Awareness
  11. 11. • Phonics is the system by which symbols represent sounds in an alphabet writing system, the relationship between spelling patterns and sound patterns. Music based interventions
  12. 12. • Fluency is the ability to read as well as we speak and to make sense of the text without having to stop and decode each word. It includes reading expressively and in melodic patterns. Music based interventions
  13. 13. • Choral reading • Cloze reading (fill-in-the-blank) • Partner reading • Predictable language method • Repeated readings • Echo reading • Readers Theatre Fluency instruction
  14. 14. Components of Effective Vocabulary Instruction • Rich Oral Language Experience • Wide Reading • Specific Word Instruction • Word-Learning Strategies • Word Consciousness • Adept Diction • Word Play • Word Origins Music based intervention
  15. 15. • Comprehension is the level of content understanding a student has after reading a passage. • Explicitly teach students to use strategies Music based interventions
  16. 16. What strategic readers do: • Predict at word/text level • Expand vocabulary • Check/confirm • Maintain fluency • Infer • Synthesize • Question • Summarize/Determine Importance • Visualize • Make connections • Activate Schema • Link/Make analogies • Self-monitor • Search/gather • Adjust • Evaluate/Critique/Analyze
  17. 17. • Is most effective when teachers model their own use of strategies repeatedly over time. • Read aloud. • Think aloud. • Reason through text. • Reread for deeper meaning. Strategy instruction
  18. 18. • Creating Strategic Readers by Valerie Ellery • Catching Readers Before They Fall by Pat Johnson & Katie Keier • Teaching Literacy to Students with Significant Disabilities by June Downing • Florida Center for Reading Research • Sounds of Emerging Literacy by Register, Hughes, Standley at AMTA Bookstore RESOURCES
  19. 19. Mimi Sinclair, MM, MT-BC Music Therapy Services, LLC Facebook: musictherapycincinnati LinkedIn: mimisinclair Twitter: @MTSCincinnati