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  2. 2.  Introduction  GeoInt  What is Geospatial Platform  GIS in GeoInt  Intergraph  Roles  Applications  Military and national security  Need  Merits  Limitations  Conclusion
  3. 3. The terms "GIS," "remote sensing," and "GPS," often are used together when discussing geospatial technology. Engineers collect data with a global positioning system (GPS) unit or using remote sensing and then integrate that data into a GIS program. The acronym "GIS" refer to the systems of hardware and software used to analyze, process, and store geographic data. Remote sensing is the acquisition of data from a distance, usually with the use of satellite imaging, aerial photography, radar (radio detecting and ranging) GPS units operate through a satellite-based navigation system made up of a constellation of 24 satellites orbiting 19,320 kilometers (12,000 miles) above the surface of the Earth. The U.S. Department of Defense launched the system, which was originally intended for military applications but was made available for civilian use in the 1980s.
  4. 4. GEOINT, known previously as imagery intelligence (IMINT), is an intelligence collection discipline that applies to national security intelligence, law enforcement intelligence, and competitive intelligence.
  5. 5. The Geospatial Platform is an Internet- based capability providing shared and trusted geospatial data, services, and applications for use by the public and by government agencies and partners to meet their mission needs.
  6. 6. Geographic Information Systems (GIS) new and constantly evolving role in geospatial intelligence (GEOINT) and United States (U.S.). National security allows a user to efficiently manage, analyze, and produce geospatial data, to combine GEOINT with other forms of intelligence collection, and to perform highly developed analysis and visual production of geospatial data.
  7. 7. Intergraph Corporation is an American software development and services company. It provides enterprise engineering and geospatially powered software to businesses, governments, and organizations around the world. Intergraph operates through two divisions: Process, Power & Marine (PP&M) and Security, Government & Infrastructure (SG&I). The company’s headquarters is in Huntsville, Alabama, USA. In 2008, Intergraph was one of the hundred largest software companies in the world.
  8. 8.  Data and map production Sustainability and temporal analysis Analysis of collected imagery or intelligence Fusion of multiple forms of intelligence collection Collaborative planning and efficient work flow management between decision- makers, analysts, consumers, and war- fighters
  9. 9.  Pathfinder  Geospatial Sustainability  SGAM  Distributed GeoInt
  10. 10. Getting actionable data from numerous military sensors and then delivering it to war-fighters so they can immediately use it, is the key focus of Pathfinder. Bandwidth, cloud computing, smart phone and cell technologies are all part of a rapidly developing sector.
  11. 11. Geospatial sustainability highlights the geographic nature of sustainability with the help of digital and analytical tools means computer applications for capturing, storing, managing, displaying, and analyzing geographically referenced data.
  12. 12. The Structured Geospatial Analytic Method (SGAM) is both as an analytic method and pedagogy for the Geospatial Intelligence professional . It is intended to advance the Geospatial Intelligence by providing an approach not only to teach the analyst how forage and repackage data, but also how to analyze the data in a meaningful way.
  13. 13. Spatial thinking that goes beyond a simple identification of locations is key to applying the SGAM. This thinking involves comparing locations, considering the influence of nearby features, grouping regions and hierarchies, and identifying distant places that have similar conditions. It is also the consideration of change, movement, and diffusion through time and place . Spatial thinking then proceeds to examine the places and compare places in the context of space and time.
  14. 14.  DGInt technology can be employed by defense and intelligence organization to provide an enterprise solution for geospatial intelligence data.  It enables the utilization of thin clients to search massive amount of geospatial and intelligence data using very low band-width web services for data discovery and fusion of data and products.
  15. 15. Federal agencies and their partners collect and manage large amounts of place-based (geospatial) data – but it is often not easily found when needed, and sometimes data is collected or purchased multiple times. In short, the best government data is not always organized and managed efficiently to support decision making in a timely and cost effective manner. The Geospatial Platform is designed to provide that service and capability.
  16. 16.  In Remote Sensing  Geospatial analyst can manage ice-bergs  It can be employed to understand the complex and sometimes slow-moving progress of global change.  In Military and National Security  displays the capabilities of a target and its geographical relationship to other objects  easily consumable and understood by a decision maker  Information is more accurate and immediately accessible to those who require it.
  17. 17.  Imagery is only a snapshot of a moment in time.  can be too compelling and lead to ill- informed decisions that ignore other intelligence.  static and vulnerable to deception and decoys.  Does not depict the intentions of a target  Expensive
  18. 18. The use of geospatial technologies has shown a consistent growth over the years across different sectors.This is attributable to its capability in allowing users to collect, organize , visualize and analyze data in new and highly practical ways. By providing the opportunity to place layer on layer of data over a map, technology has enabled users and managers to calculate and even predict the complex phenomena and make intelligent decisions in relation to sustainable resource management. Numerous industries have benefited in some way from the application of geospatial technology and the ability to unravel environmental, social, economic, political and global issues is increasingly evident. Therefore, it is highly likely that learners from many different sectors where geography is relevant will encounter some kind of geospatial technology during their lifetime and an early introduction to these technologies is becoming essential.
  19. 19. The World's Largest Software Companies". Software Top 100.  GIS: Elementary Speaking, “Me on the Map “ Geography Network Good-child, M.F. and Janelle, D.G. (Eds.) (2004) Spatially Integrated Social Science, New York: Oxford University Press  Chrisman N – Exploring Geographic Information Systems (John Wiley & Sons, 2002)