Education system of usa part2


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Education system of usa part2

  1. 1. Management of Education <ul><li>Education is not mentioned in the constitution of the United States . The state and national governments have a power-sharing arrangement </li></ul><ul><li>Providers and funding sources : </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Federal </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>State </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Locial </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Educational Organizations: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Department of Education </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Accreditation and Quality Assurance Associations </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>College Entrance Examination Board </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  2. 2. Development of Teacher And Educational Personnel <ul><li>Basic Educational qualifications for becoming a teacher: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bachelor’s Degree </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Teacher training </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Complete the appropriate teacher certification test </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Teacher training: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Training of pre-primary and primary/basic school teachers </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Training of secondary school teachers </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Training of higher education teachers </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>http
  3. 3. Information and Communication Technology <ul><li>ICT as Aid Approach : </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Computer-Aided Instruction (CAI) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Policymakers Seminar on ICT </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>in Education for Central America </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>ICT as Subject Approach : </li></ul>Microsoft ® Encarta ® 2009
  4. 4. Non-traditional Education <ul><li>Adult education </li></ul><ul><li>Education Outside of Schools </li></ul><ul><li>Correspondence Education </li></ul><ul><li>Distance education   </li></ul><ul><li>Lifelong education </li></ul><ul><li>Higher education training in industry </li></ul><ul><li>Other forms of non-formal higher education </li></ul><ul><li>Special Education </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Microsoft ® Encarta ® 2009 </li></ul>
  5. 5. Special Education Inclusive Classroom Microsoft ® Encarta ® 2009 Autistic Child in School :A Teacher using sign language
  6. 6. Teaching-Learning Strategy <ul><li>Lecture method </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstration method </li></ul><ul><li>Discussion method </li></ul><ul><li>simple to complex </li></ul><ul><li>critical thinking </li></ul><ul><li>problem-solving </li></ul><ul><li>Challenging work </li></ul><ul><li>Advanced coursework </li></ul><ul><li>Fieldwork </li></ul><ul><li>Presentation </li></ul>Microsoft ® Encarta ® 2009 Head Start program is a federally funded project aimed at assisting children from low-income families. Head Start prepares children for school.
  7. 7. Teaching-Learning Strategy <ul><li>Learning by Observation </li></ul><ul><li>Montessori method </li></ul><ul><li>Programmed Instruction </li></ul><ul><li>Combination of lectures and small group discussions </li></ul><ul><li>Laboratory Sections </li></ul><ul><li>Seminars </li></ul><ul><li>Learning Through Art </li></ul><ul><li>Internships etc </li></ul>Microsoft ® Encarta ® 2009
  8. 8. Teaching-Learning Strategy <ul><li>Learning to Read:Engaging a child in reading at a young age helps promote a love of books, boosts performance in school, and improves the child’s attention span . </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial Training:A community college instructor explains the design of an engine with the aid of a cross-section model. </li></ul><ul><li>Learning to Read </li></ul>Industrial Training
  9. 9. Current efforts <ul><li>A new law was designed in 2002 to identify poorly performing public schools . </li></ul><ul><li>Researchers conduct studies on the brain and central nervous system </li></ul><ul><li>National Conversation on Values and Student Violence. </li></ul><ul><li>National Disability Employment Awareness Month </li></ul><ul><li>Competition to Invest in Innovation. </li></ul><ul><li>A Call to Teach </li></ul>Microsoft ® Encarta ® 2009
  10. 10. Lesson to be learnt <ul><li>The No Child Left Behind Act. </li></ul><ul><li>States use annual student tests to identify poorly performing schools and to take corrective action. </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers and principals are hired and retained based on their professional standards & for teachers’ salaries based on their knowledge and skills. </li></ul><ul><li>“ class of one “ </li></ul><ul><li>A number of institutions offer college degree programs via computer conferencing. </li></ul><ul><li>National Parent-Teacher Association (PTA) </li></ul>
  11. 11. Lesson to be learnt <ul><li>Nine types of private school </li></ul>Microsoft ® Encarta ® 2009
  12. 12. Lesson to be learnt • Remedial /Developmental education programs Microsoft ® Encarta ® 2009
  13. 13. Lesson to be learnt <ul><li>Citizenship Education . </li></ul><ul><li>Higher education system is characterized by accessibility, diversity, and autonomy and is known for both its size and quality. </li></ul><ul><li>Accreditation and Quality Assurance. </li></ul><ul><li>Education of All Handicapped Children Act. </li></ul><ul><li>Head Start programs help to prevent child abuse and domestic violence. </li></ul><ul><li>Gender Equality in Literacy Rate </li></ul>
  14. 14. Lesson to be learnt <ul><li>National Teacher of The Year . </li></ul>Microsoft ® Encarta ® 2009 Source: Council of Chief State School Officers. Music Instructor, Monte Cristo Elementary School, Granite Falls, Washington Andrea Peterson 2007 Kindergarten, Broad Acres Elementary School, Silver Spring, Maryland Kimberly Oliver 2006 Mathematics, John Philip Sousa Middle School, Washington, D.C. Jason Kamras 2005 English-as-a-Second-Language, Davisville Middle School, North Kingstown, Rhode Island Kathy Mellor 2004 School/Program Winner Year
  15. 15. Lesson to be learnt Successive decreasing of teacher-student ratio. <ul><li>Source: U.S National Center for Education Statistics,2007 </li></ul>Microsoft ® Encarta ® 2009 15.5 13.7 15.8 2004 15.7 14.1 15.9 2002 15.9 14.5 16 2000 17 15.6 17.2 1990 18.6 17.7 18.7 1980 22.4 23 22.3 1970 26.4 30.7 25.8 1960 Pupil/Teacher Ratio Total Private Public Year for Education Statistics, Digest of Education Statistics, 2007 . Source: U.S. National Center
  16. 16. Thank you