Urban environments
Plan• What is the global pattern of urbanisation?• Why is urbanisation happening in LEDCs?• How does land use vary in an L...
Where are the biggest and fastest growing cities?                                           Why?
Why do people live in cities?2007: 50% global population urban (75% HIC; 40% LIC)3.3 billion people live in cities.Growing...
The Growth of world cities
Definitions• Urbanisation is…..• Urban growth is…..• Natural increase is…..
The world is becoming mostly urban %      1950   1990   2001   2025World    30     45     48      58MEDC     53     74    ...
Growth of citiesTwo types of city….• Millionaire cities – population >1 million  – Back in 1850, there were only 2 ‘millio...
The distribution of megacities…• Prior to 1950, largest cities were found in  MEDCs• Recently, the highest growth has been...
Where are the world’s largest cities?There are 17 megacities in the world – these are cities with a population of over 10 ...
Task – how has the world been growing           since the 1950’s?http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/shared/spl/hi/world/06/ur  banisa...
Total % city     % rural   List 3 biggest   Describe the location of megacities (continents / HIC /       world dweller   ...
Why has this change taken place?Push and pull factors!Watch the video from channel 4 news and answer the questions on Lagos
What is the typical land use pattern in               an LIC?
Case Study:Rio – a city of contrasts  Click for Olympics!
What should I be able to do at the      end of this case study?• Describe the location of Rio de Janeiro and the  main fav...
Rio is a city of contrasts:Beaches and luxury housing ofIpanema.Problems of rapid urban growth:favelas, traffic and crime..
Can you think of any physical factorswhich have lead to over crowing in Rio?
Land use in Rio
Land use in Rio
In Rio:0.6 million homeless,street dwellers.1 million pop favelas.1 million pop poor localauthority housing.Globally slum ...
There are 750 favelas in Rio.The largest is Rocinha pop 100,000.Favelas are illegal settlements, lackingbasic services (no...
Study the land use model for a LIC…In your books:1) Describe the patterns shown in the model2) Explain the pattern
Aims for today…1) Finish off labelling LEDC land use map2) Identify the problems that urbanisation   brings to LIC cities ...
TASK: On a blank double page in your book, cut out and stick in the blank map of an LEDCcity, then add the following state...
What are the problems found in                 LEDCs?Create the following headings in your books, and add to them during t...
Definition of a Favela   “A residential area of 60 or morefamilies living in basic accommodationthat lacks basic services,...
Solving Rio’s problems – Poor quality housing1) Self-help housing in Rochina (The Favela Barrio project)    -    Original ...
Solving Rio’s problems – Overcrowding2) The new town of Barra da Tijuca• In an attempt to find more space, Rio’s wealthy h...
Summary of the solutions to Rio’s problems• Forced evictions of squatter settlements – To clear land for formal  developme...
Task…       You are the new governor of Rio – born and raised in the       Favelas, your mission is to begin to solve the ...
Study the picture of a favela1) Name one problem caused by the physical   environment2) Name one problem caused by high po...
Compare and contrast an HIC and LICLICHIC
MEDC’s
Transect across a typical British city
Prevailing wind – why is this significant?
UrbanZones
CBD
Characteristics• In the centre around the historical core (e.g.  cathedral, castle)• Contains skyscrapers and other tall b...
Main Functions• Shops:  – The department stores and national chains are    in the very centre of the CBD  – The smaller, o...
• Offices:  – Banks, building societies, solicitors, company    HQ, etc. occupy the upper floors above shops• Culture and ...
The Central Business District
INNER CITY
The Inner City Industrial Zone
Inner City Decay - Dereliction
Victorian Terraced Housing
Inner City High-rise Flats
Characteristics• Located next to the historical core• An area of old housing and industry• Contains a mixture of land uses...
SUBURBS
Characteristics• Normally cover the largest area• Part of the urban area that has grown outwards from the  old centre acro...
Suburban Housing – Semi-detached inter/post war
Suburban Housing –detached houses
RURAL-URBAN   FRINGE
Characteristics• On and around the edge of the built-up area• Partly urban, partly countryside• A mixture of land uses:   ...
Edge of town Estates
Commuter Towns & Villages
In which urban zone/s are you likely to find…                                 a shop open at 2am?                  the hig...
Urban Structure ExerciseLook at the photos that follow. For each one:    •Describe the area it shows    •Identify which zo...
Photo 3   Map 4          Photo 6Photo 5
Task...• On the map of Luton, study the 6 squares  closely• Based on the road layouts, nearby services,  and the shape of ...
Urban Zones ICT exercise• Double click on the “urban zones” file below in the work folderon the student “V” drive• V:workG...
Look at the maps below, and refer to the textbook. For each one, suggest thetypes of houses and ages of housesChose 2 area...
Urban land use and functional zones• The location of each zone and the  distribution of each functional zone are  related ...
• Age:   – As towns develop outwards, the oldest buildings were near to     the city centre (although many of these have n...
• Changes in demand:  – Land use and function change with time:     • Nineteenth century industry was located next to the ...
Birmingham Virtual Tour
The joys of Google Streetview!
The joys of Google Streetview!
The joys of Google Streetview!
Using the attached sheet, in google maps, search the    streets and explore the area in street view!  Visit these areas (n...
With your partner, choose two areas of the city to explain the major land use   Urban Zone        Map extract   List land ...
Broad Street
CBD
Church Street, Lozells
Old Inner City
Legge Lane
Zone of Transition
Colmore Row
Alderbrook Road, Solihull
Outer Suburbs
Upper Highgate Street
Inner City Council Estate
Wellington Road, Edgbaston
School Road, Hall Green
Inter-war Suburb 1930’s
Ithon Grove
Outer Suburbs Council Estate
Is Birmingham ethnically       segregated?
CBD
Population                   Ethnic origin                             Key   % from BME GroupKey   Number of People       ...
UnemploymentKey    % Unemployed       None to 10.0%      10.1% to 15.0%      15.1% to 20.0%      20.1% and above
Is Birmingham segregated?1. Which wards in Birmingham are most densely populated?   Why?2. Where are the highest proportio...
Manufacturing jobs           Service jobs                                Key   Service Sector JobsKey     Manufacturing Jo...
Key terms:Counter-urbanisation - the process of peoplemoving from cities and towns into thecountrysideSuburbanised Village...
The causes of suburbanisation can be explained by push and pull factors similar to the ones causing changes to the rural- ...
Can you think of any consequences for             the village?   Sort the following into POSITIVE and NEGATIVE consequence...
Let’s solve a mystery!• Background• Thurston is a village 5km east of Bury St  Edmunds in Suffolk
Current Day   1940’s
Task: Find out why Thurston Primary     School needs a new teacher!• Work in pairs• Sort the statements into two piles of ...
Watch this!                       Watch this!      Urban sprawlWho are the winners and losers?
You are going to have a debate on Tuesday• You will each be given a role:   –   Dairy Farmer   –   Young couple wanting to...
Urban environments for IGCSE
Urban environments for IGCSE
Urban environments for IGCSE
Urban environments for IGCSE
Urban environments for IGCSE
Urban environments for IGCSE
Urban environments for IGCSE
Urban environments for IGCSE
Urban environments for IGCSE
Urban environments for IGCSE
Urban environments for IGCSE
Urban environments for IGCSE
Urban environments for IGCSE
Urban environments for IGCSE
Urban environments for IGCSE
Urban environments for IGCSE
Urban environments for IGCSE
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Urban environments for IGCSE

7,077 views

Published on

Published in: Education
0 Comments
3 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
7,077
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
300
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
240
Comments
0
Likes
3
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Urban environments for IGCSE

  1. 1. Urban environments
  2. 2. Plan• What is the global pattern of urbanisation?• Why is urbanisation happening in LEDCs?• How does land use vary in an LEDC city?• What problems do LEDC cities face?• What are the solutions?
  3. 3. Where are the biggest and fastest growing cities? Why?
  4. 4. Why do people live in cities?2007: 50% global population urban (75% HIC; 40% LIC)3.3 billion people live in cities.Growing by 60 million per year.
  5. 5. The Growth of world cities
  6. 6. Definitions• Urbanisation is…..• Urban growth is…..• Natural increase is…..
  7. 7. The world is becoming mostly urban % 1950 1990 2001 2025World 30 45 48 58MEDC 53 74 76 83LEDC 17 34 41 56 Study the table Which parts of the world are experiencing the most rapid growth in their populations?
  8. 8. Growth of citiesTwo types of city….• Millionaire cities – population >1 million – Back in 1850, there were only 2 ‘millionaire’ cities (London and Paris) – By 1950, increased to 70 – By 2003, increased to 408• Megacities – Population >10 million – First to appear in LEDCs – 1970, only 3 megacities – There are around 25 megacities – By 2015, maybe 60 megacities
  9. 9. The distribution of megacities…• Prior to 1950, largest cities were found in MEDCs• Recently, the highest growth has been in LEDCs• Look at fig 2 (geoactive), describe the change in the distribution of millionaire/megacities
  10. 10. Where are the world’s largest cities?There are 17 megacities in the world – these are cities with a population of over 10 million
  11. 11. Task – how has the world been growing since the 1950’s?http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/shared/spl/hi/world/06/ur banisation/html/urbanisation.stm1) Find the BBC map of world megacities showing a timeline from 1955-20152) Investigate the pages, use your mouse to hover over facts3) Fill in this table using the data on the mega cities map4) Summarise the prediction for urban population by 2015
  12. 12. Total % city % rural List 3 biggest Describe the location of megacities (continents / HIC / world dweller dwellers cities LIC etc) pop s1955 2756m 30% 70%19852005
  13. 13. Why has this change taken place?Push and pull factors!Watch the video from channel 4 news and answer the questions on Lagos
  14. 14. What is the typical land use pattern in an LIC?
  15. 15. Case Study:Rio – a city of contrasts Click for Olympics!
  16. 16. What should I be able to do at the end of this case study?• Describe the location of Rio de Janeiro and the main favelas• Understand WHY people have moved into the city• Describe/explain the problems that are found in the favelas• Describe/explain the solutions to the problems
  17. 17. Rio is a city of contrasts:Beaches and luxury housing ofIpanema.Problems of rapid urban growth:favelas, traffic and crime..
  18. 18. Can you think of any physical factorswhich have lead to over crowing in Rio?
  19. 19. Land use in Rio
  20. 20. Land use in Rio
  21. 21. In Rio:0.6 million homeless,street dwellers.1 million pop favelas.1 million pop poor localauthority housing.Globally slum populationsare growing by 25 milliona year.
  22. 22. There are 750 favelas in Rio.The largest is Rocinha pop 100,000.Favelas are illegal settlements, lackingbasic services (no water, sewerage orelectricity).Housing is constructed from any materials.In Rio favelas are built on steep slopes onmarginal land.
  23. 23. Study the land use model for a LIC…In your books:1) Describe the patterns shown in the model2) Explain the pattern
  24. 24. Aims for today…1) Finish off labelling LEDC land use map2) Identify the problems that urbanisation brings to LIC cities (video time)3) Categorise these problems into Social/economic/environmental4) If time, start Rio…
  25. 25. TASK: On a blank double page in your book, cut out and stick in the blank map of an LEDCcity, then add the following statements to the correct zones Informal industries become established along major The wealthy residents This area is where rural communication routes continue to live in these migrants typically live, in a through the outer areas, but are shanty town or favela. They zones, such as tyre surrounded by high lack basic amenities, and are repairs, cafes and walls, and security built on poor quality and workshops – there is a unsafe land reliable flow of business The CBD has similar Some wealthy residents Greater traffic Houses in the Outer Zone characteristics to MEDCs, move outwards from congestion and are the opposite to those offering entertainment, the Inner zone, living in competition for in MEDCs – ie: the quality retail and business expensive and well space are a concern rapidly decreases with opportunities guarded communities in LEDC cities distance from the CBD The quality of housing is considerably poorer than Large & luxurious houses Planned industries similar areas in MEDCs. Often The middle zone , or were built in pre-industrial are found in the houses are self-built, and are the ‘periferia’ shares and colonial times around the inner zone, often unlikely to have basic amenities characteristics to CBD by along lines of such as running water and MEDCs, providing administrators, merchants communication electricity “inbetween housing” and the wealthy
  26. 26. What are the problems found in LEDCs?Create the following headings in your books, and add to them during the video:• Housing• Health• Education• Transport• Social• Tour of Rochina• Favela wars
  27. 27. Definition of a Favela “A residential area of 60 or morefamilies living in basic accommodationthat lacks basic services, and who have no legal right to the land”
  28. 28. Solving Rio’s problems – Poor quality housing1) Self-help housing in Rochina (The Favela Barrio project) - Original poor quality housing replaced with bricks and tiles, sewerage, electricity, water butts may be installed, and the houses are extended where possible - The government provide the materials, and the community join forces to carry out the work. This has many advantages….(what are they?!) - In return, the residents pay a small tax to the government. The favela now has a formal status Facts!- Took place in 1990s- $200 million spent in 60/600 favelas- 16 mid size sites were chosen first
  29. 29. Solving Rio’s problems – Overcrowding2) The new town of Barra da Tijuca• In an attempt to find more space, Rio’s wealthy have moved out from the centre of Rio (counter-urbanisation)• Barra da Tijuca is 20km along the coast from Rio – but a road had to be built through the moutains. – This area had been relatively cut off since the 1970s• By 2000, the town had a population of 140,000 Cleaning up the litter in the favelas – including the odd body!
  30. 30. Summary of the solutions to Rio’s problems• Forced evictions of squatter settlements – To clear land for formal development• Low cost housing – Very basic breeze block housing constructed. People re- housed in them. City of God• Site and Service – Land is cleared and building plots prepared with water and electricity.• Self Help Scheme – Existing settlements provided with water, sewage and rubbish collection. Building materials provided for residents to upgrade their homes (Favela Barrio Plan)• Counter-urbanisation - encourage upwardly mobile people to move out to the new town of Barra da Tijuca, reducing overcrowing in Rio• Rural Development – To reduce rural to urban migration• Increasing policing - to stop new squatter settlement• Raise taxes - on the rich to pay for improving housing for the poor• Local initiatives – such as Afro-Reggae using music and culture to keep kids away from crime and drugs
  31. 31. Task… You are the new governor of Rio – born and raised in the Favelas, your mission is to begin to solve the issues in RioThe challenge!You must make a proposal to the government in theform of an A3 poster, proposing how you are going tosolve Rio’s issues. You must include: - Self help schemes - The Barra da Tijuca - One of the other schemes mentioned For each scheme: - Outline the problem (give details!) - Explain how the scheme will solve the issue - Briefly evaluate each scheme
  32. 32. Study the picture of a favela1) Name one problem caused by the physical environment2) Name one problem caused by high population growth3) Describe the benefits of living in a favela.4) Describe the problems caused by the growth of large shanty towns in LICs.5) Explain how governments in LICs have managed shanty towns.
  33. 33. Compare and contrast an HIC and LICLICHIC
  34. 34. MEDC’s
  35. 35. Transect across a typical British city
  36. 36. Prevailing wind – why is this significant?
  37. 37. UrbanZones
  38. 38. CBD
  39. 39. Characteristics• In the centre around the historical core (e.g. cathedral, castle)• Contains skyscrapers and other tall buildings• Contains: – The largest offices and shops including department stores – The widest variety of goods on sale – High land values, rents and rates – The main place of work by day – The most accessible location where the main roads meet and has the main railway station• The main difference between the CBD and other zones is that few people live here
  40. 40. Main Functions• Shops: – The department stores and national chains are in the very centre of the CBD – The smaller, often privately owned, shops are located on the edges of the CBD (The frame) – Some shops, e.g. clothing, shoe and jewellery tend to cluster together to take advantage of competition – Other shops are more dispersed e.g. newsagents and chemists
  41. 41. • Offices: – Banks, building societies, solicitors, company HQ, etc. occupy the upper floors above shops• Culture and entertainment: – Some parts ‘come alive’ at night as theatres, cinemas, clubs, bars and restaurants attract customers e.g. London’s West End
  42. 42. The Central Business District
  43. 43. INNER CITY
  44. 44. The Inner City Industrial Zone
  45. 45. Inner City Decay - Dereliction
  46. 46. Victorian Terraced Housing
  47. 47. Inner City High-rise Flats
  48. 48. Characteristics• Located next to the historical core• An area of old housing and industry• Contains a mixture of land uses: – Old high-density terraced houses – Some are 3 or 4 storeys high which are often let out as flats and badly maintained – Old and sometimes abandoned factories – Areas of derelict land around railway sidings, unused docks and canals – High-rise flats (many built in the 1960s) – Pockets of smart new developments e.g. London Docklands• The main difference between the inner city and other urban zones is its generally run-down appearance
  49. 49. SUBURBS
  50. 50. Characteristics• Normally cover the largest area• Part of the urban area that has grown outwards from the old centre across what was once countryside• Predominantly residential: – Along the sides of main roads are inter-war semi-detached (S-D) housing and small shopping parades – Behind the main roads are more modern housing estates (S-D and detached (D)) – Some are private estates others were local authority built (some have been bought by the residents) – The houses usually have gardens and garages and space between them – More recent and expensive housing is in the outer suburbs, where density is lower• There is less change in this zone than in the other 3; the houses are good for many more years and virtually all the land suitable for building has already been used
  51. 51. Suburban Housing – Semi-detached inter/post war
  52. 52. Suburban Housing –detached houses
  53. 53. RURAL-URBAN FRINGE
  54. 54. Characteristics• On and around the edge of the built-up area• Partly urban, partly countryside• A mixture of land uses: – Some traditional rural land uses e.g. farmland and woodland – Others are rural businesses targeted at people living in nearby urban areas e.g. garden centres and farm shops – Recreation e.g. golf courses and stables – Public utilities e.g. water storage and sewerage farms – New urban developments e.g. out-of-town supermarkets, shopping centres and business parks – New housing in villages leads to old settlements growing and becoming part of the urban built-up area• This zone has many conflicts between developers who want to use the greenfield sites for building homes and planners and conservationists who want to preserve as much countryside as possible
  55. 55. Edge of town Estates
  56. 56. Commuter Towns & Villages
  57. 57. In which urban zone/s are you likely to find… a shop open at 2am? the highest buildings? cul-de-sacs? a castle? a museum? the cathedral? an old warehouse? houses with large gardens? a department store? a small corner shop? golf courses? Someone who wants to mug you?
  58. 58. Urban Structure ExerciseLook at the photos that follow. For each one: •Describe the area it shows •Identify which zone of the city you think it is •Name a part of London with similar characteristicsCut the photos out and stick them in your books beside your answersPhoto 1 Photo 2
  59. 59. Photo 3 Map 4 Photo 6Photo 5
  60. 60. Task...• On the map of Luton, study the 6 squares closely• Based on the road layouts, nearby services, and the shape of the housing, identify what zone of the city it is in
  61. 61. Urban Zones ICT exercise• Double click on the “urban zones” file below in the work folderon the student “V” drive• V:workGeography4th Yearsettlement• Look at the summary model of urban land uses and read thetext on the Urban Land Uses page that appears.
  62. 62. Look at the maps below, and refer to the textbook. For each one, suggest thetypes of houses and ages of housesChose 2 areas and explain the differences between them.Include: type/design/age of housing; road pattern; land use; socio-economic groups;amenities, quality of environment Feature Map 1 Map 2 Map 3 Map 4 Location in city Type, appearance, age of housing 2 main types of land use Main type of tenure 2 main types of socio economic groups % born outside the % with amenities
  63. 63. Urban land use and functional zones• The location of each zone and the distribution of each functional zone are related to several factors• Land value and space: – Land values are highest and available sites are more limited in the CBD where competition for land is greatest – As land value decreases rapidly towards the urban boundary then both the amount of space and the number of available sites increase
  64. 64. • Age: – As towns develop outwards, the oldest buildings were near to the city centre (although many of these have now been replaced) and the newest ones on the outskirts• Accessibility: – The CBD, where the main routes from the suburbs and surrounding towns meet, has been the easiest place to reach from all parts of the city although ease is now often reduced due to increased congestion• Wealth of inhabitants: – The poorer members of the community tend to live in cheaper housing near to the CBD (with its shops) and the inner city (where most jobs used to be found). These people are less likely to be able to afford the higher transport (private or public) and housing costs of places nearer the city boundary
  65. 65. • Changes in demand: – Land use and function change with time: • Nineteenth century industry was located next to the CBD whereas modern industry prefers edge-of-city sites • The main land use demand in the nineteenth century was for industry and low-cost housing. Today it is for industry, shops and better-quality housing, all in a more pleasant environment, and open space
  66. 66. Birmingham Virtual Tour
  67. 67. The joys of Google Streetview!
  68. 68. The joys of Google Streetview!
  69. 69. The joys of Google Streetview!
  70. 70. Using the attached sheet, in google maps, search the streets and explore the area in street view! Visit these areas (not in order): • Colmore Row & Paradise Street • Alderbrook Road, Solihull • Edmund Road, Saltley or Church Street, Lozells • Legge Lane • Upper Highgate Street • Broad Street • Wellington Road, Edgbaston • School Road, Hall Green • Ithon Grove & Meadowsweet Avenue, Kings Norton
  71. 71. With your partner, choose two areas of the city to explain the major land use Urban Zone Map extract List land uses Explain major land use CBD Old Inner cityZone in transition Prestige inner city redevelopment 1960s Comprehensive redevelopment Inner Suburbs (PreWW1, Edwardian ) Interwarsuburbia 1930s Outer SuburbsOuter city council estate
  72. 72. Broad Street
  73. 73. CBD
  74. 74. Church Street, Lozells
  75. 75. Old Inner City
  76. 76. Legge Lane
  77. 77. Zone of Transition
  78. 78. Colmore Row
  79. 79. Alderbrook Road, Solihull
  80. 80. Outer Suburbs
  81. 81. Upper Highgate Street
  82. 82. Inner City Council Estate
  83. 83. Wellington Road, Edgbaston
  84. 84. School Road, Hall Green
  85. 85. Inter-war Suburb 1930’s
  86. 86. Ithon Grove
  87. 87. Outer Suburbs Council Estate
  88. 88. Is Birmingham ethnically segregated?
  89. 89. CBD
  90. 90. Population Ethnic origin Key % from BME GroupKey Number of People Below 10.0% Up to 20,999 10.1% to 20.0% 21,000 to 22,999 20.1% to 40.0% 23,000 to 24,999 40.1% to 60.0% 25,000 to 26,999 60.1% and above 27,000 and above
  91. 91. UnemploymentKey % Unemployed None to 10.0% 10.1% to 15.0% 15.1% to 20.0% 20.1% and above
  92. 92. Is Birmingham segregated?1. Which wards in Birmingham are most densely populated? Why?2. Where are the highest proportions of ethnic minority immigrant populations? Why?3. Where is the highest unemployment? Why?4. What causes segregation?5. Is Birmingham ethnically segregated? Read this article and give a reasoned answer using data and ward names.• http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/1234984.stm• http://bigcityplan.birmingham.gov.uk/gcly-highgate.php
  93. 93. Manufacturing jobs Service jobs Key Service Sector JobsKey Manufacturing Jobs None to 5,000 None to 1,000 5,100 to 10,000 1,100 to 2,000 10,100 to 15,000 2,100 to 3,000 15,100 and over 3,100 and over
  94. 94. Key terms:Counter-urbanisation - the process of peoplemoving from cities and towns into thecountrysideSuburbanised Villages - villages growing insize and taking on more urban characteristics
  95. 95. The causes of suburbanisation can be explained by push and pull factors similar to the ones causing changes to the rural- urban fringe. Can you remember them?Push factors Pull factors• Congestion • Perceived better quality of• High rates of air, noise and life visual pollution • Safer, more pleasant environment• High crime rates • Less pollution• High land values • More open space• Lack of space • Lower land values and cheaper housing • Room for businesses to expand
  96. 96. Can you think of any consequences for the village? Sort the following into POSITIVE and NEGATIVE consequences: New housing developments Growth in population Growth of village New business units Becoming more like the suburbs of a city Village becomes like a ‘dormitory’ village for commuters leading to a drop in services Increase in people owning a second home Loss of community Increase in house prices
  97. 97. Let’s solve a mystery!• Background• Thurston is a village 5km east of Bury St Edmunds in Suffolk
  98. 98. Current Day 1940’s
  99. 99. Task: Find out why Thurston Primary School needs a new teacher!• Work in pairs• Sort the statements into two piles of relevant and irrelevant to the question• Rank the relevant statements• Use them to write up your report and solve the mystery.
  100. 100. Watch this! Watch this! Urban sprawlWho are the winners and losers?
  101. 101. You are going to have a debate on Tuesday• You will each be given a role: – Dairy Farmer – Young couple wanting to set up a small holding – Developer wanting to build a business park – Conservationalist & environmental campaigner – Young family living in the outer suburbs – Representative from the planning authority• You will be discussing the advantages and disadvantages of urban sprawl for the role that you have been given. – Today – discuss your viewpoint with a partner and write ideas down in your books under ADVANTAGES and DISADVANTAGES

×