Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

How Wireless Healthcare Systems benefit from 5G

932 views

Published on

These slides are presented at 1st international Tehran 5G Conference.
In these slide, Dr Mona Ghassemian describes "wireless health systems" and their requirements and demonstrates the role of 5G technology in completion of healthcare system's required infrastructure.

Published in: Healthcare
  • I discovered the 60-sec Habit that reversed my type 2 diabetes and melted away 56lbs of fat and discovered the real cause of diabetes... ▲▲▲ https://bit.ly/2n5cFHd
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here

How Wireless Healthcare Systems benefit from 5G

  1. 1. How wireless healthcare systems benefit from 5G? Dr Mona Ghassemian 17th October 2016- Tehran- Iran
  2. 2. Wireless healthcare systems Wireless Health is the integration of wireless technology into traditional medicine as well as other tools that can help individuals improve their personal health and wellbeing. What will the role of 5G technology be to complete the infrastructure? Why now? - the wireless healthcare building blocks of automation - IoT & Machine-to-Machine platforms to enable smart city concept, - working towards establishing standards for healthcare systems. 2Dr Mona Ghassemian / How wireless healthcare systems benefit from 5G?
  3. 3. Healthcare requirements Source: http://www.nsf.gov • Protecting patient privacy, • Safe critical care, • Legitimate anytime/anywhere access to health services, • Community-wide health awareness & maintenance, • Better and more efficient delivery of health services, • Matching the mental model of users, for appropriate personal decisions & choices, • Continuous monitoring and real-time, customised feedback on health. 3Dr Mona Ghassemian / How wireless healthcare systems benefit from 5G?
  4. 4. Stakeholders for healthcare systems Primary endpoints: hospital and emergency room admission, mortality. Secondary endpoints: patient quality of life, satisfaction and functional performance, adherance to the treatment, cost analysis, and usability. Stakeholders Monitoring of chronic patients. Monitoring of early discharged patients. Monitoring of high risk patients. Acute care. Monitoring elderly health & wellbeing. Medical record assessment & decision. … … 4Dr Mona Ghassemian / How wireless healthcare systems benefit from 5G?
  5. 5. + + Event capture and filtering for timely response Any to any linkage of people, process, and systems Deep discovery, analysis and forecasting = Left: IBM Smarter cities (2009) Right: Frost & Sullivan Intelligent Interconnected Instrumented Smart City - Components 5Dr Mona Ghassemian / How wireless healthcare systems benefit from 5G?
  6. 6. mHealth industry market size Source: www.statista.com/statistics/295771/mhealth-global-market-size/ from 2012 to 2020 (in billion U.S. dollars)* 6Dr Mona Ghassemian / How wireless healthcare systems benefit from 5G?
  7. 7. IoT in healthcare market to be worth $409.9 Billion by 2022 Source: grand view research 7 Much of the connections to be supported by 5G. Life-critical healthcare services cannot be delivered over unreliable connections. Dr Mona Ghassemian / How wireless healthcare systems benefit from 5G?
  8. 8. From a technology standpoint, what does 5G mean? 8 • Enhanced mobile broadband with lightning fast data rates as high as 10 Gbps, • Ultra-reliable networks with 10,000x the capacity of today’s networks, • Ultra-low latency for real time applications, • Massive amounts of IoT connections, potentially up to 50 billion sensor-enabled devices, • Dedicated technologies enabling ultra-long life batteries for IoT sensor networks. Dr Mona Ghassemian / How wireless healthcare systems benefit from 5G?
  9. 9. 9 With 5G, we will • increase the data rate, • reduce the end-to-end latency, • improve coverage, and • maintain a reliable connection. 5G will become the backbone of the Internet of Things, linking up fixed and mobile devices becoming part of a new industrial and economic revolution. Healthcare devices must connect to networks and the cloud in ways that are interoperable and secure. The 5G network, the Internet of Things, and the wireless healthcare systems Dr Mona Ghassemian / How wireless healthcare systems benefit from 5G?
  10. 10. Data com. platforms / 5G … Wireless Medical Body Area Network (MBAN) 10 /5G .. Dr Mona Ghassemian / How wireless healthcare systems benefit from 5G?
  11. 11. 11 by Component (Medical Device, System, Software, Services), by Connectivity Technology (Wi-Fi, ZigBee, NFC, Cellular, Satellite), by Application (Telemedicine, In Patient Monitoring, Clinical Operation, Connected Imaging, Medication Management, Tele Surgery), by End-User (Hospitals, Clinics, Research, Diagnostic Laboratories) Pic source: L. van Dyk, A review of telehealth service implementation frameworks. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2014;11(2):1279-98. PMID: 24464237 Wireless Healthcare Market Analysis Dr Mona Ghassemian / How wireless healthcare systems benefit from 5G?
  12. 12. Legal issues: Accreditation of the devices and applications Protection of health related data Privacy, security and encryption of data Medical responsibilities / liability Quality of service Network related issues: handoff, interruption/delays in transmission, data loss bandwidth problems Social acceptance Health risks (cell phone usage), economic issues, ethical issues Market barriers 12Dr Mona Ghassemian / How wireless healthcare systems benefit from 5G?
  13. 13. Interoperability, integration 13 Market barriers Dr Mona Ghassemian / How wireless healthcare systems benefit from 5G?
  14. 14. Biomolecular Sensing: Nanowire sensors, DNA microarrays, Low- power solid-state chemical sensors, Carbon-nano tube sensors Imaging: Camera, Radio Frequency Imaging,… Bioelectric Sensing: electrocardiography (ECG) for the heart, electroencephalography (EEG) for the brain, electromyography (EMG) for muscles, … Medical sensor types - P.M. Ajayan, O.Z. Zhou, “Applications of Carbon Nanotubes”, Topics in Applied Physics, pp. 391-425, 2001. - S.M. Ushaa, M. Madhavilatha, G. Madhusudhan Rao, “Design and analysis of nanowire sensor array for prostate cancer detection” International Journal of Nano and Biomaterials 3(3) pp.239 – 255, 2011. 14Dr Mona Ghassemian / How wireless healthcare systems benefit from 5G?
  15. 15. Portable: Sensors that are embedded in the user’s smartphone. Implantable: implantable miniature sensors and “nanosensors”. Ambient monitoring: Sensors placed in the environment to monitor/report patients’ activities. Wearable: Sensors that are embedded in some type of garments. Monitors (e.g., wireless accelerometers, blood pressure and glucose monitors) Medical sensor categories *Pic Ref: Mona Ghassemian, et.al: Remote Elderly Assisted Living System-A preliminary research, development and evaluation. PIMRC 2011: 2219-2223 15 [*] Dr Mona Ghassemian / How wireless healthcare systems benefit from 5G?
  16. 16. Heart-sensing bra (Numetrex) Biosensing underwear (U of San Diego research) Wearable Monitoring Systems Aka “connected clothes” “biosensing textiles” “medical textiles” “smart fabrics” “wearable computing” “wearable technology” EMG sensors (King’s College London research) 16Dr Mona Ghassemian / How wireless healthcare systems benefit from 5G?
  17. 17. Wearable Glucose sensor • A noninvasive, painless method of glucose testing for glucose control while reducing complications and overall disease management costs. • The smart contact lens team at Google has put together the existing electrochemical technology of a continuous glucose monitor (CGM), a soft contact lens, a chip (about the size of a piece of glitter), and an embedded antenna. http://www.leeds.ac.uk/news/article/3723/noninvasive_device_could_end_daily_finger_pricking_for_people_with_diabetes Liao, H. Yao, "A 3- CMOS Glucose Sensor for Wireless Contact-Lens Tear Glucose Monitoring", IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits, Vol.47 , Issue: 1, 2012. http://diatribe.org/issues/60/new-now-next/1#sthash.iaxuihoC.dpuf 17Dr Mona Ghassemian / How wireless healthcare systems benefit from 5G?
  18. 18. Wearable Electrocardiograph (ECG) 18  The most common type of ECG involves the connection of several leads to a patient’s chest, arms, and leg via adhesive foam pads.  IMEC wireless, flexible, stretchable ECG and EMG patch for continuous cardiac monitoring  Noncontact wearable ECG device Sense Tex co. prototype. Y.M Chi, and G. Cawenberghs, ‘Wireless non-contact cardiac and neural monitoring,” Int Conf on Body Sensor Networks (BSN), pp. 297-301, 2010 Dr Mona Ghassemian / How wireless healthcare systems benefit from 5G?
  19. 19. THM 19 Smart homes / smart hospitals Dr Mona Ghassemian / How wireless healthcare systems benefit from 5G? Mysphera Largest Real time location of patients, staff or assets in Europe..
  20. 20. Sensor data rates 20 Sensor Topology Data rate Accelerometer/gyroscope Star High Blood glucose Star High Blood pressure Star Low CO2 gas sensor Star Very low ECG Star High EEG Star High EMG Star Very high Pulse oximetry Star Low Respiratory rate Star Very Low Humidity Star Very Low Temperature Star Very Low Image/video P2P Very high Very High: More than 500 kbps, High: 10 to 500 kbps, Low: 0.1 to 10 kbps, Very Low: Less than 0.1 kbps Dr Mona Ghassemian / How wireless healthcare systems benefit from 5G?
  21. 21. Healthcare system traffic 21 M. Z. Shafiq, L. Ji, A. X. Liu, J. Pang , and J. Wang, "A first look at cellular machine-to-machine traffic: large scale measurement and characterization," ACM SIGMETRICS Performance Evaluation Review, v.40 n.1, June 2012, pp. 65-76. Dr Mona Ghassemian / How wireless healthcare systems benefit from 5G?
  22. 22. Communication Architecture Ref: Min Chen, Sergio Gonzalez, Athanasios Vasilakos, Huasong Cao, Victor C M Leung, “Body Area Networks: A Survey”, Mobile Networks and Applications, 2010. 22Dr Mona Ghassemian / How wireless healthcare systems benefit from 5G?
  23. 23. 23 Tactile Internet ITU-T Technology Watch Report (August 2014) Dr Mona Ghassemian / How wireless healthcare systems benefit from 5G?
  24. 24. SOURCE: Peter R. Egli, 2015, http://www.slideshare.net/PeterREgli/lpwan IoT wireless technologies 24
  25. 25. Standard BW Power Consumption Protocol Stack Size Stronghold Applications Wi-Fi Up to 54 Mbps 40mA TX, Standby 0.2 mA 100+KB High data rate Internet browsing, PC networking, file transfers Bluetooth 1 Mbps 40mA TX, Standby 0.2mA ~100+KB Interoperability, cable replacement Wireless USB, handset, headset Bluetooth 4.0 (LE) ~300 kbps 10 mA TX, Standby 0.024 mA 250 KB Low cost, Ability to run for years on standard coin-cell batteries Healthcare, fitness, security, and home entertainment industries 802.15.4 / 802.15.4j 250Kbps 30mA TX, standby 356mA 34KB/14KB Long battery life, low cost Remote control, battery-operated products, sensors/ Medical body area network (MBAN) 25Dr Mona Ghassemian / How wireless healthcare systems benefit from 5G? Wireless technologies for MBAN
  26. 26. Standard Frequency BW Stronghold Applications 802.15.6 2.4GHz, 800MHz, 900MHz, 400MHz 75.9 Kbps (narrowband) up to 15.6 Mbps ultra wide band Low cost, high reliability, ultra-low power & short range wireless comm on or around the human body Medical (Wearable Health Monitoring) Non-Medical (Real Time Streaming, Entertainment, Sport, military applications) 802.11ah Sub 1 GHz 150 Kbps up to 78 Mbps depending on MCS and BW ultra-low power, long range coverage, backward compatibility with 802.11 Smart sensors and meters, Backhaul aggregation, Extended range hotspot and cellular offloading Wireless technologies for MBAN 26Dr Mona Ghassemian / How wireless healthcare systems benefit from 5G?
  27. 27. 27 LPWA IoT and legacy LTE connectivity Nokia white paper- LTE evolution for IoT connectivity white paper Dr Mona Ghassemian / How wireless healthcare systems benefit from 5G?
  28. 28. 28 Nokia white paper- LTE evolution for IoT connectivity white paper Race for the IoT connectivity standards Dr Mona Ghassemian / How wireless healthcare systems benefit from 5G?
  29. 29. Will 5G be the only network? 29 Besides the evolution of licensed LTE technologies like NB-IoT, LTE-M and 5G, unlicensed LPWA technologies like LoRa, Ingenu, Sigfox aim to provide low bandwidth, low power and long range coverage that promise to connect tens of billions of devices in the coming years. Technologies such as LoRa and Sigfox have one major benefit over their cellular competitors— early mover advantage. Services like LTE-M, EC-GSM, narrowband NB-LTE and 5G are still a number of years away from industrialisation and wide- stream adoption. 5G will become the backbone of the Internet of Things. Dr Mona Ghassemian / How wireless healthcare systems benefit from 5G?
  30. 30. Contact: Dr Mona Ghassemian Mona.Ghassemian@kcl.ac.uk LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/ghassemian 30 Thanks for your attention!

×