TYPES OF SENTENCES:Four types of sentences:• Simple• Compound• Complex• Compound- complex
SIMPLE SENTENCES:• A simple sentence contains a subject and a verb.• A simple sentence is an independent clause.• A simple sentence expresses one complete thought.Examples:The dog barked.The house was very tall.Some students like to study in the mornings.
COMPOUND SENTENCES:• Compound sentences contain a conjunction.• Compound sentences contain 2 INDIPENDENT clauses.Examples:I had soccer after school, so Ellie could not come over.Joseph played football, and we went shopping.
COMPLEX SENTENCES:• A complex sentence is a sentence with an INDIPENDENTclause combined with a DEPENDENT clause.• The two clauses are joined by a subordinatingconjunction at the beginning of the DEPENDENT clause.Examples:The students are studying, because they have a testtomorrow.The students stopped studying, because they had to go toclass.
COMPOUND-COMPLEX SENTENCES• Compound-complex sentences are sentences with at leasttwo INDIPENDENT clauses and at least one DEPENDENTclause.• The same coordinating conjunction joins the INDIPENDENTclauses.• The same subordinating conjunctions are used before theDEPENDENT clause.Examples:After the team won their game, they shook hands with the otherteam, and they went for ice-cream.Although I like to go camping, I haven’t had the time to golately, and I haven’t found anyone to go with.
CLAUSESIndependent clauses:• An independent clause is a clause that can stand by itself.• Ex:• The dog ran away• I liked the paint color we chose.Dependent clauses:• An dependent clause is a clause that cannot stand by itself.• Ex:• Because the cat ran by.• Which was blue.Put the two clauses together and you get a complex sentence: The dog ran away, because the cat ran by. I liked the paint color we chose, which was blue.
CONJUNCTIONSSubordinating conjunction:• A subordinating conjunctionbegins the dependent clause in acomplex sentence.• Subordinating conjunctions:• After• Although• As• In order that• At least• Now what• Wherever• While• Before• Even though• How• If• In as much• When• Whenever• Whereas• As thought because• Even if• Though• Until• Unless• As if• As long as• As much as• Soon• Since• So that• that
CONJUNCTIONS CONT.coordinating conjunctions:• Coordinating conjunctions join independent clauses in acompound-complex sentence.• Coordinating conjunctions join the two independent clauses in acompound sentence.• Coordinating conjunctions (fanboys)• For• And• Nor• But• Or• Yet• so