THE FRENCH AND
INDIAN WAR
(1754-1763)
MOVING PAST THE 13 COLONIES
We know have 4 regions in the
colonies:
New England
Middle
Southern
Backcounty – anything West...
BACK COUNTRY
FLASHFORWARD TO LATE 1600s
- France claimed most of the land
in the W. part of N. America (called
New France)
- French, Br...
OHIO RIVER
VALLEY
THE OHIO RIVER VALLEY IS ATTRACTIVE
- Attracted PA fur traders and VA land
companies (both colonist groups)
- French began...
WAR BEGINS AND SPREADS
- Fought from backcountry to Canada
- Soon to be President, George Washington,
led 1st
British atta...
THE BRITISH ARE MEAN!
- British did not treat Nat. Americans as
nicely as the French
- Nat. Americans fought back BIG TIME...
NEW COLONIAL IDENTITY
-Colonists = angry  “Didn’t we just
fight (and win) for the right to settle that
land?
- 1st
time o...
THE ACTS
- Proclamation of 1763 – No one can
settle land west of the App. Mts.
- King George III made this
proclamation to assert a...
SWEET LIKE THE SUGAR ACT
- Part of the Navigation Acts, which
weren’t that bad until the Sugar Act
was passed in 1765
- Th...
-The British gov’t (Parliament) used
this law to raise $ to pay off Britain’s
debt
- Colonists said this tax was not fair
...
SIGNED…SEALED…AND
DELIVERED…THE STAMP ACT!
- A tax on anything printed on paper.
- The law required each official paper
do...
-The Colonists, led
-by Benjamin Franklin,
-asked King George III
to repeal the act b/c
the colonies boycotted
those goods...
CAN’T STAY HERE…THE
QUARTERING ACT
-Required colonists to feed and
house British troops, no matter what
- King George III ...
AIN’T NOTHING BUT A SWEET
THANG…THE TEA ACT!
- Most of the Townshend Acts had
been repealed, but colonists were still
prot...
YOU HAVE THE RIGHT…THE
INTOLERABLE ACT!
-The Boston Tea Party made Britain
mad, they passed the Intolerable Acts
to clamp ...
-So they met in Philadelphia and
decided to boycott all trade with
Britain until the Intolerable Acts were
repealed  Firs...
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French and Indian war

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French and Indian war

  1. 1. THE FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR (1754-1763)
  2. 2. MOVING PAST THE 13 COLONIES We know have 4 regions in the colonies: New England Middle Southern Backcounty – anything West of the Appalachian Mountains
  3. 3. BACK COUNTRY
  4. 4. FLASHFORWARD TO LATE 1600s - France claimed most of the land in the W. part of N. America (called New France) - French, British and Native Americans started selling fur - The fur trade would drag all 3 groups into war.
  5. 5. OHIO RIVER VALLEY
  6. 6. THE OHIO RIVER VALLEY IS ATTRACTIVE - Attracted PA fur traders and VA land companies (both colonist groups) - French began to get anxious because…. 1. The increased British that entered New France 2. The increased the chance for France to lose control of key land and rivers TENSIONS MOUNT = FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR!!!
  7. 7. WAR BEGINS AND SPREADS - Fought from backcountry to Canada - Soon to be President, George Washington, led 1st British attack on French Fort called Fort Duquesne. - Nat. Americans side with British and French - Treaty of Paris (1763) ended war and ended nearly all the French controlled in N. America - Comb. of war and treaty helped to expand Britain’s Colonial Empire
  8. 8. THE BRITISH ARE MEAN! - British did not treat Nat. Americans as nicely as the French - Nat. Americans fought back BIG TIME! - Due to Nat. American attacks, British learned they would be unable to control all the land so they issued the Proclamation of 1763. - Proclamation FORBADE anyone from settling land WEST of the Appalachian Mts.
  9. 9. NEW COLONIAL IDENTITY -Colonists = angry  “Didn’t we just fight (and win) for the right to settle that land? - 1st time of unity for all 13 colonies after this war - Growing more unified over the dispute with Britain
  10. 10. THE ACTS
  11. 11. - Proclamation of 1763 – No one can settle land west of the App. Mts. - King George III made this proclamation to assert authority and control colonists. - This Proclamation was created b/c Britain couldn’t control that much land. - Colonists = MAD!
  12. 12. SWEET LIKE THE SUGAR ACT - Part of the Navigation Acts, which weren’t that bad until the Sugar Act was passed in 1765 - This law placed a tax on sugar, molasses and other products shipped to colonists
  13. 13. -The British gov’t (Parliament) used this law to raise $ to pay off Britain’s debt - Colonists said this tax was not fair b/c Britain had no right to tax the colonies and no tax should be created w/o the colonists consent (agreeing).
  14. 14. SIGNED…SEALED…AND DELIVERED…THE STAMP ACT! - A tax on anything printed on paper. - The law required each official paper document, including newspapers, to have an official stamp to indicate a tax was paid. - Created to raise $$ to pay of Britain’s debt
  15. 15. -The Colonists, led -by Benjamin Franklin, -asked King George III to repeal the act b/c the colonies boycotted those goods to avoid the tax…AND IT WORKED!
  16. 16. CAN’T STAY HERE…THE QUARTERING ACT -Required colonists to feed and house British troops, no matter what - King George III left10,000 troops in the colonies – needed a place to stay
  17. 17. AIN’T NOTHING BUT A SWEET THANG…THE TEA ACT! - Most of the Townshend Acts had been repealed, but colonists were still protesting Britain by drinking tea smuggled in from Holland - To help British tea merchants, Britain made a law that only allowed 1 company, East India Trade Co. to sell tea in the colonies = Boston Tea Party
  18. 18. YOU HAVE THE RIGHT…THE INTOLERABLE ACT! -The Boston Tea Party made Britain mad, they passed the Intolerable Acts to clamp down on resistance in the Mass. Colony - These acts were a direct attack on the colonists’ rights, liberties and freedoms - The result = other colonies were made and offered help to Mass. colony
  19. 19. -So they met in Philadelphia and decided to boycott all trade with Britain until the Intolerable Acts were repealed  First Continental Congress

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