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Un-artificial
Intelligence
M E L I N D A S E C K I N G T O N
@ m s e c k i n g t o n
“roboti” = serf labor
R.U.R.
Movie Geek
Developer
To pioneer the best
learning experiences
for everyone, everywhere
A R T I F I C I A L
I N T E L L I G E N C E
H O W
M A C H I N E S
L E A R N
How
people
learn
Un-artificial Intelligence
What is
intelligence?
Strength
Constitution
Dexterity
Intelligence
Wisdom
Charisma
Strength
Constitution
Dexterity
Intelligence
Wisdom
Charisma
intelligence [ɪnˈtɛlɪdʒ(ə)ns] noun
1. the ability to acquire and apply
knowledge and skills
A R T I F I C I A L
I N T E L L I G E N C E
S Y S T E M S
T H A T T H I N K
L I K E H U M A N S
S Y S T E M S
T H A T A C T
L I K E H U M A N S
S Y S T E M S
T H A T ...
S Y S T E M S
T H A T A C T
L I K E H U M A N S
S Y S T E M S
T H A T T H I N K
R A T I O N A L L Y
S Y S T E M S
T H A T ...
S Y S T E M S
T H A T T H I N K
L I K E H U M A N S
S Y S T E M S
T H A T A C T
L I K E H U M A N S
S Y S T E M S
T H A T ...
S Y S T E M S
T H A T T H I N K
L I K E H U M A N S
S Y S T E M S
T H A T A C T
L I K E H U M A N S
S Y S T E M S
T H A T ...
S Y S T E M S
T H A T T H I N K
L I K E H U M A N S
S Y S T E M S
T H A T A C T
L I K E H U M A N S
S Y S T E M S
T H A T ...
S Y S T E M S
T H A T T H I N K
L I K E H U M A N S
S Y S T E M S
T H A T A C T
L I K E H U M A N S
S Y S T E M S
T H A T ...
C O G N I T I V E
S C I E N C E
D I S C O V E R
T H E O R Y
O F T H E M I N D
E X P R E S S T H E O R Y
A S A C O M P U T E R
P R O G R A M
S Y S T E M S
T H A T T H I N K
L I K E H U M A N S
S Y S T E M S
T H A T A C T
L I K E H U M A N S
S Y S T E M S
T H A T ...
L O G I C I S T
A N Y P R O B L E M C A N
B E D E S C R I B E D I N
L O G I C A L N O T A T I O N
P R O G R A M S C A N
S O L V E A N Y
P ...
S Y S T E M S
T H A T T H I N K
L I K E H U M A N S
S Y S T E M S
T H A T A C T
L I K E H U M A N S
S Y S T E M S
T H A T ...
T U R I N G T E S T
I M I T A T I O N G A M E
S O M E H U M A N
B E H A V I O U R I S
U N I N T E L L I G E N T
H U M A N B E H A V I O U R I N T E L L I G E N T B E H ...
A R T I F I C I A L S T U P I D I T Y
S Y S T E M S
T H A T T H I N K
L I K E H U M A N S
S Y S T E M S
T H A T A C T
L I K E H U M A N S
S Y S T E M S
T H A T ...
I N T E L L I G E N T
A G E N T S
S E N S O R S
?
E N V I R O N M E N T
I N T E L L I G E N T A G E N T
A G E N T
E F F E C T O R S
I N T E L L I G E N T A G E N T
H U M A N
S E N S O R S E F F E C T O R S
?
E N V I R O N M E N T
W H A T T H E
W O R L D
I S L I K E N O W
C O N D I T I O N - A C T I O N R U L E S
S I M P L E R E F L E X A G E N T
S E ...
E M A I L
F I L T E R S
F R O M :
n o t i f i c a t i o n s
@ g i t h u b . c o m
Y O U R F I L T E R S :
m a t c h e s
( n o t i f i c a t i o n ...
W H A T T H E
W O R L D
I S L I K E N O W
C O N D I T I O N - A C T I O N R U L E S
S I M P L E R E F L E X A G E N T
S E ...
I N T E L L I G E N T A G E N T
A G E N T
S E N S O R S E F F E C T O R S
E N V I R O N M E N T
O B S E R V A T I O N S
W ...
Pavlov
C L A S S I C A L C O N D I T I O N I N G
C A T
S M E L L
R A C E T O
K I T C H E N
E N V I R O N M E N T
O B S E R V A T ...
C L A S S I C A L C O N D I T I O N I N G
S M E L L + S O U N D
R A C E T O
K I T C H E N
E N V I R O N M E N T
O B S E R ...
C L A S S I C A L C O N D I T I O N I N G
S O U N D
R A C E T O
K I T C H E N
E N V I R O N M E N T
O B S E R V A T I O N ...
Habit forming
I N T E L L I G E N T A G E N T
H U M A N
S O U N D M O V E L E G S
M Y B E D R O O M
I H E A R M Y
A L A R M C L O C K
I ...
I N T E L L I G E N T A G E N T
D E V E L O P E R
S I G H T
S M A S H
K E Y B O A R D
M Y C O D E
I S E E M Y
T E S T S A ...
C R I T I C
C H A N G E S
L E A R N I N G A G E N T
A G E N T
S E N S O R S
L E A R N I N G
E L E M E N T
P R O B L E M
G ...
P E R F O R M A N C E E L E M E N T
C R I T I C
C H A N G E S
L E A R N I N G A G E N T
A G E N T
S E N S O R S
L E A R N ...
C R I T I C
C H A N G E S
L E A R N I N G A G E N T
A G E N T
S E N S O R S
L E A R N I N G
E L E M E N T
P R O B L E M
G ...
C R I T I C
C H A N G E S
L E A R N I N G A G E N T
A G E N T
S E N S O R S
L E A R N I N G
E L E M E N T
P R O B L E M
G ...
C R I T I C
C H A N G E S
L E A R N I N G A G E N T
A G E N T
S E N S O R S
L E A R N I N G
E L E M E N T
P R O B L E M
G ...
C H A N G E S
L E A R N I N G A G E N T
H U M A N
P E R F O R M A N C E E L E M E N T
F E E D B A C K
K N O W L E D G E
L ...
C H A N G E S
L E A R N I N G A G E N T
H U M A N
C O N T R O L
F E E D B A C K
K N O W L E D G E
L E A R N I N G
G O A L ...
C R I T I C
C H A N G E S
L E A R N I N G A G E N T
A G E N T
S E N S O R S
L E A R N I N G
E L E M E N T
P R O B L E M
G ...
H O W D O W E
D E F I N E T H E S E
L E A R N I N G E L E M E N T S ?
T H R E E M A J O R I S S U E S :
T H R E E M A J O R I S S U E S :
C O M P O N E N T S
T H R E E M A J O R I S S U E S :
C O M P O N E N T S
R E P R E S E N T A T I O N
T H R E E M A J O R I S S U E S :
C O M P O N E N T S
F E E D B A C K
R E P R E S E N T A T I O N
L E A R N I N G A L G O R I T H M S
S U P E R V I S E D L E A R N I N G
T H I S I S A C I R C L E
T H I S I S A C I R C L E
T H I S I S A S Q U A R E
T H I S I S A C I R C L E
T H I S I S A S Q ...
U N S U P E R V I S E D L E A R N I N G
U N S U P E R V I S E D L E A R N I N G
R E I N F O R C E M E N T L E A R N I N G
T H I S I S A T R I A N G L E
T H I S I S A S Q U A R E
T H I S I S A T R I A N G L E
T H I S I S A C I R C L E
T H I S I ...
Learning activities
Problem
solving
Case-based
Inquiry
driven
Construction
Collaborative
Simulation
ReflectiveDelivered
Assessing
Performative...
Delivered
S U P E R V I S E D L E A R N I N G
Conversational & Collaborative
U N S U P E R V I S E D L E A R N I N G
Pairing
Assessing
R E I N F O R C E M E N T L E A R N I N G
Pull Requests
ReflectiveDelivered Performative Embodied
Learners are
presented with
information
Learners
reflect on
activities
Learners
...
SimulationAssessing Game-basedCross-context
Learners learn
across physical/
social settings
Learners
engage with game
envi...
W H A T M A K E S U S
D I F F E R E N T F R O M M A C H I N E S ?
Context
Prior knowledge
Emotion
W H A T M A K E S U S
D I F F E R E N T F R O M M A C H I N E S ?
A N O P E N L E T T E R
A R T I F I C I A L I N T E L L I G E N C E
Un-artificial Intelligence
Questions?
@ m s e c k i n g t o n
http://www.slideshare.net/mseckington
http://missgeeky.com
@mseckington
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Un-artificial intelligence

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Most developers are familiar with the basics of AI: how do you make a computer, an algorithm, a system learn something? What most don't realize though is that the same principles are applied to people.

This talk looks at the theory behind how people learn, and maps it to real life examples of how specifically developers learn.

Published in: Technology
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Un-artificial intelligence

  1. 1. Un-artificial Intelligence M E L I N D A S E C K I N G T O N @ m s e c k i n g t o n
  2. 2. “roboti” = serf labor
  3. 3. R.U.R.
  4. 4. Movie Geek
  5. 5. Developer
  6. 6. To pioneer the best learning experiences for everyone, everywhere
  7. 7. A R T I F I C I A L I N T E L L I G E N C E
  8. 8. H O W M A C H I N E S L E A R N
  9. 9. How people learn
  10. 10. Un-artificial Intelligence
  11. 11. What is intelligence?
  12. 12. Strength Constitution Dexterity Intelligence Wisdom Charisma
  13. 13. Strength Constitution Dexterity Intelligence Wisdom Charisma
  14. 14. intelligence [ɪnˈtɛlɪdʒ(ə)ns] noun 1. the ability to acquire and apply knowledge and skills
  15. 15. A R T I F I C I A L I N T E L L I G E N C E
  16. 16. S Y S T E M S T H A T T H I N K L I K E H U M A N S S Y S T E M S T H A T A C T L I K E H U M A N S S Y S T E M S T H A T T H I N K R A T I O N A L L Y S Y S T E M S T H A T A C T R A T I O N A L L Y
  17. 17. S Y S T E M S T H A T A C T L I K E H U M A N S S Y S T E M S T H A T T H I N K R A T I O N A L L Y S Y S T E M S T H A T A C T R A T I O N A L L Y S Y S T E M S T H A T T H I N K L I K E H U M A N S
  18. 18. S Y S T E M S T H A T T H I N K L I K E H U M A N S S Y S T E M S T H A T A C T L I K E H U M A N S S Y S T E M S T H A T T H I N K R A T I O N A L L Y S Y S T E M S T H A T A C T R A T I O N A L L Y
  19. 19. S Y S T E M S T H A T T H I N K L I K E H U M A N S S Y S T E M S T H A T A C T L I K E H U M A N S S Y S T E M S T H A T T H I N K R A T I O N A L L Y S Y S T E M S T H A T A C T R A T I O N A L L Y
  20. 20. S Y S T E M S T H A T T H I N K L I K E H U M A N S S Y S T E M S T H A T A C T L I K E H U M A N S S Y S T E M S T H A T T H I N K R A T I O N A L L Y S Y S T E M S T H A T A C T R A T I O N A L L Y
  21. 21. S Y S T E M S T H A T T H I N K L I K E H U M A N S S Y S T E M S T H A T A C T L I K E H U M A N S S Y S T E M S T H A T T H I N K R A T I O N A L L Y S Y S T E M S T H A T A C T R A T I O N A L L Y
  22. 22. C O G N I T I V E S C I E N C E
  23. 23. D I S C O V E R T H E O R Y O F T H E M I N D E X P R E S S T H E O R Y A S A C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M
  24. 24. S Y S T E M S T H A T T H I N K L I K E H U M A N S S Y S T E M S T H A T A C T L I K E H U M A N S S Y S T E M S T H A T T H I N K R A T I O N A L L Y S Y S T E M S T H A T A C T R A T I O N A L L Y
  25. 25. L O G I C I S T
  26. 26. A N Y P R O B L E M C A N B E D E S C R I B E D I N L O G I C A L N O T A T I O N P R O G R A M S C A N S O L V E A N Y P R O B L E M
  27. 27. S Y S T E M S T H A T T H I N K L I K E H U M A N S S Y S T E M S T H A T A C T L I K E H U M A N S S Y S T E M S T H A T T H I N K R A T I O N A L L Y S Y S T E M S T H A T A C T R A T I O N A L L Y
  28. 28. T U R I N G T E S T
  29. 29. I M I T A T I O N G A M E
  30. 30. S O M E H U M A N B E H A V I O U R I S U N I N T E L L I G E N T H U M A N B E H A V I O U R I N T E L L I G E N T B E H A V I O U R S O M E I N T E L L I G E N T B E H A V I O U R I S I N H U M A N T U R I N G T E S T
  31. 31. A R T I F I C I A L S T U P I D I T Y
  32. 32. S Y S T E M S T H A T T H I N K L I K E H U M A N S S Y S T E M S T H A T A C T L I K E H U M A N S S Y S T E M S T H A T T H I N K R A T I O N A L L Y S Y S T E M S T H A T A C T R A T I O N A L L Y
  33. 33. I N T E L L I G E N T A G E N T S
  34. 34. S E N S O R S ? E N V I R O N M E N T I N T E L L I G E N T A G E N T A G E N T E F F E C T O R S
  35. 35. I N T E L L I G E N T A G E N T H U M A N S E N S O R S E F F E C T O R S ? E N V I R O N M E N T
  36. 36. W H A T T H E W O R L D I S L I K E N O W C O N D I T I O N - A C T I O N R U L E S S I M P L E R E F L E X A G E N T S E N S O R S E F F E C T O R S W H A T A C T I O N I S H O U L D D O N O W A G E N T E N V I R O N M E N T O B S E R V A T I O N S A C T I O N S
  37. 37. E M A I L F I L T E R S
  38. 38. F R O M : n o t i f i c a t i o n s @ g i t h u b . c o m Y O U R F I L T E R S : m a t c h e s ( n o t i f i c a t i o n s @ g i t h u b . c o m ) I N C O M I N G E M A I L A P P L I E S F I L T E R D o t h i s : A p p l y l a b e l “ G i t h u b ” A G E N T Y O U R I N B O X S I M P L E R E F L E X A G E N T
  39. 39. W H A T T H E W O R L D I S L I K E N O W C O N D I T I O N - A C T I O N R U L E S S I M P L E R E F L E X A G E N T S E N S O R S E F F E C T O R S W H A T A C T I O N I S H O U L D D O N O W A G E N T E N V I R O N M E N T O B S E R V A T I O N S A C T I O N S
  40. 40. I N T E L L I G E N T A G E N T A G E N T S E N S O R S E F F E C T O R S E N V I R O N M E N T O B S E R V A T I O N S W H A T T H E W O R L D I S L I K E N O W W H A T A C T I O N I S H O U L D D O N O W C O N D I T I O N - A C T I O N R U L E S A C T I O N S
  41. 41. Pavlov
  42. 42. C L A S S I C A L C O N D I T I O N I N G C A T S M E L L R A C E T O K I T C H E N E N V I R O N M E N T O B S E R V A T I O N S I S M E L L F O O D S H O W T H A T I W A N T T H E F O O D S M E L L F O O D = = I G E T T O E A T
  43. 43. C L A S S I C A L C O N D I T I O N I N G S M E L L + S O U N D R A C E T O K I T C H E N E N V I R O N M E N T O B S E R V A T I O N S I S M E L L F O O D & I H E A R A B E L L S H O W T H A T I W A N T T H E F O O D S M E L L F O O D & & H E A R B E L L = = I G E T T O E A T C A T
  44. 44. C L A S S I C A L C O N D I T I O N I N G S O U N D R A C E T O K I T C H E N E N V I R O N M E N T O B S E R V A T I O N S I H E A R A B E L L S H O W T H A T I W A N T T H E F O O D H E A R B E L L = = I G E T T O E A T ! C A T
  45. 45. Habit forming
  46. 46. I N T E L L I G E N T A G E N T H U M A N S O U N D M O V E L E G S M Y B E D R O O M I H E A R M Y A L A R M C L O C K I D E C I D E I S H O U L D G E T U P A L A R M C L O C K = = T I M E T O G E T U P
  47. 47. I N T E L L I G E N T A G E N T D E V E L O P E R S I G H T S M A S H K E Y B O A R D M Y C O D E I S E E M Y T E S T S A R E F A I L I N G I S H O U L D F I X T E S T S F A I L I N G T E S T S = = B A D
  48. 48. C R I T I C C H A N G E S L E A R N I N G A G E N T A G E N T S E N S O R S L E A R N I N G E L E M E N T P R O B L E M G E N E R A T O R P E R F O R M A N C E E L E M E N T F E E D B A C K K N O W L E D G E L E A R N I N G G O A L S E N V I R O N M E N T O B S E R V A T I O N S O B S E R V A T I O N S E F F E C T O R S E X P E R I M E N T S A C T I O N S
  49. 49. P E R F O R M A N C E E L E M E N T C R I T I C C H A N G E S L E A R N I N G A G E N T A G E N T S E N S O R S L E A R N I N G E L E M E N T P R O B L E M G E N E R A T O R F E E D B A C K K N O W L E D G E L E A R N I N G G O A L S E N V I R O N M E N T O B S E R V A T I O N S O B S E R V A T I O N S E F F E C T O R S E X P E R I M E N T S
  50. 50. C R I T I C C H A N G E S L E A R N I N G A G E N T A G E N T S E N S O R S L E A R N I N G E L E M E N T P R O B L E M G E N E R A T O R P E R F O R M A N C E E L E M E N T F E E D B A C K K N O W L E D G E L E A R N I N G G O A L S E N V I R O N M E N T O B S E R V A T I O N S O B S E R V A T I O N S E F F E C T O R S E X P E R I M E N T S A C T I O N S
  51. 51. C R I T I C C H A N G E S L E A R N I N G A G E N T A G E N T S E N S O R S L E A R N I N G E L E M E N T P R O B L E M G E N E R A T O R P E R F O R M A N C E E L E M E N T F E E D B A C K K N O W L E D G E L E A R N I N G G O A L S E N V I R O N M E N T O B S E R V A T I O N S O B S E R V A T I O N S E F F E C T O R S E X P E R I M E N T S A C T I O N S
  52. 52. C R I T I C C H A N G E S L E A R N I N G A G E N T A G E N T S E N S O R S L E A R N I N G E L E M E N T P R O B L E M G E N E R A T O R P E R F O R M A N C E E L E M E N T F E E D B A C K K N O W L E D G E L E A R N I N G G O A L S E N V I R O N M E N T O B S E R V A T I O N S O B S E R V A T I O N S E F F E C T O R S E X P E R I M E N T S A C T I O N S
  53. 53. C H A N G E S L E A R N I N G A G E N T H U M A N P E R F O R M A N C E E L E M E N T F E E D B A C K K N O W L E D G E L E A R N I N G G O A L S E N V I R O N M E N T S E N S O R S E F F E C T O R S C R I T I C L E A R N I N G E L E M E N T P R O B L E M G E N E R A T O R O B S E R V A T I O N S O B S E R V A T I O N S E X P E R I M E N T S A C T I O N S
  54. 54. C H A N G E S L E A R N I N G A G E N T H U M A N C O N T R O L F E E D B A C K K N O W L E D G E L E A R N I N G G O A L S E N V I R O N M E N T E X P E R I E N C E E F F E C T R E F L E C T U N D E R S T A N D P L A N O B S E R V A T I O N S O B S E R V A T I O N S E X P E R I M E N T S A C T I O N S
  55. 55. C R I T I C C H A N G E S L E A R N I N G A G E N T A G E N T S E N S O R S L E A R N I N G E L E M E N T P R O B L E M G E N E R A T O R P E R F O R M A N C E E L E M E N T F E E D B A C K K N O W L E D G E L E A R N I N G G O A L S E N V I R O N M E N T O B S E R V A T I O N S O B S E R V A T I O N S E F F E C T O R S E X P E R I M E N T S A C T I O N S
  56. 56. H O W D O W E D E F I N E T H E S E L E A R N I N G E L E M E N T S ?
  57. 57. T H R E E M A J O R I S S U E S :
  58. 58. T H R E E M A J O R I S S U E S : C O M P O N E N T S
  59. 59. T H R E E M A J O R I S S U E S : C O M P O N E N T S R E P R E S E N T A T I O N
  60. 60. T H R E E M A J O R I S S U E S : C O M P O N E N T S F E E D B A C K R E P R E S E N T A T I O N
  61. 61. L E A R N I N G A L G O R I T H M S
  62. 62. S U P E R V I S E D L E A R N I N G
  63. 63. T H I S I S A C I R C L E T H I S I S A C I R C L E T H I S I S A S Q U A R E T H I S I S A C I R C L E T H I S I S A S Q U A R E T H I S I S A T R I A N G L E N E W I N P U T : S U P E R V I S E D L E A R N I N G
  64. 64. U N S U P E R V I S E D L E A R N I N G
  65. 65. U N S U P E R V I S E D L E A R N I N G
  66. 66. R E I N F O R C E M E N T L E A R N I N G
  67. 67. T H I S I S A T R I A N G L E T H I S I S A S Q U A R E T H I S I S A T R I A N G L E T H I S I S A C I R C L E T H I S I S A S Q U A R E T H I S I S A T R I A N G L E W R O N G ! R E I N F O R C E M E N T L E A R N I N G W R O N G ! W R O N G ! R I G H T ! R I G H T ! R I G H T !
  68. 68. Learning activities
  69. 69. Problem solving Case-based Inquiry driven Construction Collaborative Simulation ReflectiveDelivered Assessing Performative Game-basedCross-context Browsing Embodied NetworkedConversational
  70. 70. Delivered
  71. 71. S U P E R V I S E D L E A R N I N G
  72. 72. Conversational & Collaborative
  73. 73. U N S U P E R V I S E D L E A R N I N G
  74. 74. Pairing
  75. 75. Assessing
  76. 76. R E I N F O R C E M E N T L E A R N I N G
  77. 77. Pull Requests
  78. 78. ReflectiveDelivered Performative Embodied Learners are presented with information Learners reflect on activities Learners present for an audience Learners use their bodies to learn motor skills Problem solving Case-based Inquiry driven Construction Learners design and make Learners investigate authentic situations Learners try to solve problems Learners investigate individual cases
  79. 79. SimulationAssessing Game-basedCross-context Learners learn across physical/ social settings Learners engage with game environments Learners receive constructive feedback Learners interact with a simulated world CollaborativeBrowsingNetworkedConversational Learners converse with others Learners interact with network of peers Learners seek and collate information Learners construct shared understanding
  80. 80. W H A T M A K E S U S D I F F E R E N T F R O M M A C H I N E S ?
  81. 81. Context
  82. 82. Prior knowledge
  83. 83. Emotion
  84. 84. W H A T M A K E S U S D I F F E R E N T F R O M M A C H I N E S ?
  85. 85. A N O P E N L E T T E R
  86. 86. A R T I F I C I A L I N T E L L I G E N C E
  87. 87. Un-artificial Intelligence
  88. 88. Questions? @ m s e c k i n g t o n
  89. 89. http://www.slideshare.net/mseckington http://missgeeky.com @mseckington
  90. 90. Photo Credits: https://www.flickr.com/photos/robertszlivka/2741653860 https://www.flickr.com/photos/duanewessels/6917285604 https://www.flickr.com/photos/digitalmums/6310508350 https://www.flickr.com/photos/43158397@N02/5483422385 https://www.flickr.com/photos/cogdog/15903347764 https://www.flickr.com/photos/rvoegtli/5765253705 https://www.flickr.com/photos/generalnoir/4584907281 https://www.flickr.com/photos/debord/4932655275 https://www.flickr.com/photos/marc-lagneau/4190078214 https://www.flickr.com/photos/markusspiske/14327885526 https://www.flickr.com/photos/themacinator/3259887286 https://www.flickr.com/photos/peternijenhuis/199686509 https://www.flickr.com/photos/sarahbaker/272685583 https://www.flickr.com/photos/cneuman/3359366510 https://www.flickr.com/photos/lisakayaks/6833767622
  91. 91. https://about.futurelearn.com/about/jobs/ @futurelearn

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