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Abraham Lincoln <ul><li>Name five things that come to mind when you think of Abraham Lincoln. </li></ul>
Cause # 4:  Selection of Lincoln
I. Political Changes <ul><li>A. Early parties:  Democrats and Whigs </li></ul><ul><li>B. Late 1850s:  Split in Whigs over ...
1860 Presidential Election Abraham Lincoln Republican John Bell Constitutional Union Stephen A. Douglas Northern Democrat ...
II.  The Election of 1860 <ul><li>A.  The issue of slavery caused a break in the  Democratic Party .  </li></ul>
<ul><li>B.  Candidates for President in 1860: </li></ul><ul><li>1.   Abraham Lincoln – Republican (North) </li></ul><ul><l...
 
C. Lincoln  won the election,  taking every Northern state.   Breckinridge swept the South, and Bell took most border stat...
D. What Was Lincoln’s Platform Regarding Slavery?   2. Lincoln  did not propose to ban slavery. 3. He  felt  that  slavery...
E. Republicans argued that secession was a Southern scare tactic to keep people from  voting for Lincoln  in the 1860 Pres...
 
II. The Election of 1860 <ul><li>F. Lincoln won by a landslide for two reasons: </li></ul><ul><li>1.   Population of North...
III. Southern Reaction to the Election of 1860 <ul><li>A. Southerners now  felt they had no voice in national government. ...
Cause # 5:  Secession
 
A. By February 1861,  Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Florida, and Georgia  had seceded.  B. Formed a new nation: ...
V. Causes for Secession <ul><li>Southerners didn’t want their right to take their property and slaves into western territo...
A. Confederate forces  had seized some U.S. forts and demanded the surrender of  Fort Sumter ,  a fort on an island guardi...
C. Confederate president Jefferson Davis ordered forces to attack Fort Sumter on  April 12, 1861. D. The fort’s Union troo...
Bombardment of Fort Sumter, Charleston Harbor  April 12 -13, 1861
 
 
 
 
Fort Sumter, S.C., April 4, 1861, under the Confederate flag.
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Causes of the Civil War: Selection of Lincoln & Secession

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Causes of the Civil War: Selection of Lincoln & Secession

  1. 1. Abraham Lincoln <ul><li>Name five things that come to mind when you think of Abraham Lincoln. </li></ul>
  2. 2. Cause # 4: Selection of Lincoln
  3. 3. I. Political Changes <ul><li>A. Early parties: Democrats and Whigs </li></ul><ul><li>B. Late 1850s: Split in Whigs over issues of slavery yields new party: The Republicans (1854) </li></ul>
  4. 4. 1860 Presidential Election Abraham Lincoln Republican John Bell Constitutional Union Stephen A. Douglas Northern Democrat John C. Breckinridge Southern Democrat
  5. 5. II. The Election of 1860 <ul><li>A. The issue of slavery caused a break in the Democratic Party . </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>B. Candidates for President in 1860: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Abraham Lincoln – Republican (North) </li></ul><ul><li>2. Stephen Douglas – Democrat (North) </li></ul><ul><li>3. John Breckinridge – Democrat (South) </li></ul><ul><li>4. John Bell – Constitutional Union Party </li></ul>
  7. 8. C. Lincoln won the election, taking every Northern state. Breckinridge swept the South, and Bell took most border states, those states located between the North and the South. II. The Election of 1860
  8. 9. D. What Was Lincoln’s Platform Regarding Slavery? 2. Lincoln did not propose to ban slavery. 3. He felt that slavery was morally wrong. 4. He thought that slavery should stay where it was already, but make it illegal in the territories . <ul><li>What is a platform? </li></ul><ul><li>- Issues or principles that a political party supports. </li></ul>
  9. 10. E. Republicans argued that secession was a Southern scare tactic to keep people from voting for Lincoln in the 1860 Presidential election. II. The Election of 1860
  10. 12. II. The Election of 1860 <ul><li>F. Lincoln won by a landslide for two reasons: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Population of North was greater than the </li></ul><ul><li>South by 4 to 1. </li></ul><ul><li>2. The south split their vote between 3 candidates. </li></ul>
  11. 13. III. Southern Reaction to the Election of 1860 <ul><li>A. Southerners now felt they had no voice in national government. </li></ul><ul><li>B. They did not trust the Republicans (slavery). </li></ul><ul><li>C. December 20, 1860: South Carolina secedes from the Union. </li></ul>
  12. 14. Cause # 5: Secession
  13. 16. A. By February 1861, Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Florida, and Georgia had seceded. B. Formed a new nation: the Confederate States of America, or the Confederacy. C. Jefferson Davis chosen as President. D. Alexander Stephens , from Georgia , was chosen as Vice President. IV. The South Secedes
  14. 17. V. Causes for Secession <ul><li>Southerners didn’t want their right to take their property and slaves into western territories, taken away. </li></ul><ul><li>B. Northerners interfering with the Fugitive Slave Act </li></ul><ul><li>C. Feared Lincoln presidency would mean freedom for slaves </li></ul><ul><li>D. Hurt Southern economy based on cotton </li></ul>
  15. 18. A. Confederate forces had seized some U.S. forts and demanded the surrender of Fort Sumter , a fort on an island guarding Charleston Harbor. B. Lincoln responded to the Confederate forces’ demand by sending unarmed Union forces with supplies to Fort Sumter. He promised Union forces would not fire unless fired upon. VI. Fort Sumter
  16. 19. C. Confederate president Jefferson Davis ordered forces to attack Fort Sumter on April 12, 1861. D. The fort’s Union troops surrendered on April 14th to Confederate forces. VI. Fort Sumter
  17. 20. Bombardment of Fort Sumter, Charleston Harbor April 12 -13, 1861
  18. 25. Fort Sumter, S.C., April 4, 1861, under the Confederate flag.

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