Degrees of Adjectives:
COMPARATIVE and SUPERLATIVE
•Comparatives are used to compare two things. You can use
sentences with than, or you can use a conjunction like but:
Sarah is shorter than Tom.
Sarah is tall, but Tom is taller.
•Superlatives are used to compare more than two things.
Superlative sentences usually use the, because there is only
Tom is the tallest in the class.
Sarah is tall, and Mary is taller, but Tom is the tallest.
How to form the comparative and superlative of adjectives?
1. One syllable adjectives: cheap
Comparative: add er (cheaper)
Superlative: add est (the cheapest)
2. One syllable adjectives ending in e: nice
Comparative: add r (nicer)
Superlative: add st (the nicest) and superlative adjectives?
3. One syllable adjectives ending in consonant - vowel
- consonant: hot
Comparative: add consonant + er (hotter)
Superlative: add consonant + est (the hottest)
4. Two syllable adjectives ending in y: happy
Comparative: replace y with ier (happier)
Superlative: replace y with iest (the happiest)
5. Two or more syllable adjectives: beautiful
Comparative: add more / less (more / less beautiful)
Superlative: add the most / the least (the most / least
6. Irregular adjectives
good - better - the best
bad - worse - the worst
far - further - the furthest
Fill in the correct form of the
words in brackets (comparative or
1. My house is (big) than yours.
2. This flower is (beautiful) than that one.
3. This is the (interesting) book I have ever read.
4. Non-smokers usually live (long) than smokers.
5. Which is the (dangerous) animal in the world?
6. A holiday by the sea is (good) than a holiday in the
7. It is strange but often a coke is (expensive) than a
8. Who is the (rich) woman on earth?
9. The weather this summer is even (bad) than last