F   ood plots can attract                                                          ducks, geese, mourning                 ...
Usually a mixture of food plot     attract, here are a few                cultivation, or both, will be    plants is bette...
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Food Plots Can Help Wildlife Survive Tough Winters in a Natural Habitat

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Food plots can attract ducks, geese, mourning doves, quail, deer, pheasants, turkeys, rabbits, and many songbirds. Plan your food plot so it is
close to cover. This might be a pond, woodlot, or brushy fence row used as a wildlife travel lane. It is best to have several small plots, as opposed to one large one. For example, a plot 50 ft. wide by 1,000 ft. long is less valuable than two plots 100 ft. by 250 ft.

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Food Plots Can Help Wildlife Survive Tough Winters in a Natural Habitat

  1. 1. F ood plots can attract ducks, geese, mourning Food Plots Can doves, quail, deer, pheasants, turkeys, rabbits, and many songbirds. Help Wildlife Survive Plan your food plot so it is close to cover. This might be a Tough Winters pond, woodlot, or brushy fence row used as a wildlife travel lane. It is best to have several For more nature habitat information small plots, as opposed to one large one. For example, a plot Visit these helpful websites: 50 ft. wide by 1,000 ft. long is A Plants Home less valuable than two plots A Birds Home 100 ft. by 250 ft. A Homesteaders Home As wildlife venture in the open to feed, they need thick vegetation or water to return to quickly, should danger appear. Ideally, a 1-ft. to 15-ft. path between the woodland, hedgerow or pond, and the food plot should be mowed to lawn height. This provides space for maintaining the plot and allows wildlife to better reach the food. But mowing should only occur before April 1 or after August 15, to protect nests of birds near the ground. Now is the time – while you are getting your planters in shape and taking delivery of this year’s seed – to decide where to locate your wildlife food plots. The importance of providing food for wildlife was illustrated last year with many areas reporting a decline in game bird populations.© WindStar Wildlife Institute Page 1 A Plants Home
  2. 2. Usually a mixture of food plot attract, here are a few cultivation, or both, will be plants is better than a single suggestions: beneficial because some species species. You might want to try prefer to feed on ground that is the following mixtures for an Millet not filled with vegetative acre: Both the seeds and growth. Black oil is the best vegetative parts are consumed. variety. For upland areas: Wild fowl and upland birds are s Soybean 3 to 4 lbs. most common. Proso millet Grasses s Gold millet 2 lbs. attracts mourning doves, but Provide browse and nesting s Japanese millet 2 to 5 lbs. beware as the seed might be areas to a variety of wildlife, s Milo 3 to 4 lbs. contaminated with Johnson- and some birds feed on the s Buckwheat 1/2 lb. grass, which is tough to control. seed. For wet/lowland areas: Corn Grasses used for wildlife s Big Bluestem 1-1/2 lbs. Food source for a variety of plantings are usually perennial, s Switchgrass 1-1/2 lbs. wildlife. Geese will eat it as their thus making them long-duration s Black oil Sunflower 4 oz. primary feed when available. crops. s Black-Eyed Susan 4 oz. Ducks, squirrels, deer, and s Ladino Clover 1 lb. turkeys like it also. Clipping after young wildlife are raised will help reduce weed For dry/upland areas: Soybeans problems. These grasses are s Little Bluestem 1-1/2 lbs. Plants are eaten by deer and often grown with legumes, such s Sideoats Grama 1-1/2 lbs. quail. Deer eat the foliage, while as alfalfa and some of the s Black Oil Sunflower 4 oz. quail eat the seed. Geese and clovers. s Black-Eyed Susan 4 oz. ducks will also eat the seed, but s Ladino Clover 1 lb. prefer other feed. Small Grains Oats are preferred as browse One good single crop to plant Sorghum by most wildlife. But geese and for wildlife is sunflower. It is a Preferred by many species. ducks prefer wheat as browse, favorite food for goldfinches, The bird-resistant type while doves eat the seed. house finches, cardinals, blue contains tannin, causing a jays, titmice, chickadees, and bitter taste that discourages Planting strips of wheat and many other birds. feeding until the grain is fully sunflower or proso millet have ripe. This discourages produced excellent feeding It’s easier to manage a single blackbirds, bobolinks and areas for doves. crop for higher production than grackles. multiple crops. Plant short varieties if you WindStar Wildlife Institute is a Some mixtures may contain want ducks and geese to be national, non-profit, conservation organization whose mission is to help species of plants that may able to reach the seed head. individuals and families establish or dominate and crowd out the improve the wildlife habitat on their others. Whatever you plant, the Buckwheat properties. crops must be compatible. Provides an attractive feed for waterfowl. Although it will For more information or for the name of a Master Wildlife Habitat For most crops, the seed is not last long, it will entice birds Naturalist in your area, please the most important food to your land. Because of its contact: source, although wildlife short-term usefulness, do not consume both the seed and use it as a sole crop. WindStar Wildlife Institute vegetative portions of some E-mail: wildlife@windstar.org crops. Sunflower Excellent food for doves and http://www.windstar.org If you want to match the crop songbirds. Planting the crop in to the wildlife you want to rows and using herbicides,© WindStar Wildlife Institute Page 2 A Plants Home

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