Brush Piles Can                                                                 Provide Escape                            ...
WindStar Wildlife Institute is a                                                             national, non-profit, conserv...
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Brush Piles Can Provide Escape Cover For Wildlife

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Adequate resting and escape cover is critical to ground-nesting birds, rabbits, and other small game. Although living brush is preferable in
most cases, you can build brush piles to supply immediate shelter where natural cover is limited.

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Brush Piles Can Provide Escape Cover For Wildlife

  1. 1. Brush Piles Can Provide Escape Cover For Wildlife A dequate resting and escape cover is critical to ground-nesting birds, rabbits, and other small game. in natural cover. The optimum distance between brush piles is from 200 ft. to 300 ft., but will vary according to site For more nature habitat information Although living brush is preferable in characteristic and target species. most cases, you can build brush piles Visit these helpful websites: to supply immediate shelter where You can build brush piles from A Plants Home natural cover is limited. materials available in the vicinity of a A Birds Home site. Oak, locust, and other rot- Artificial brush piles conceal and resistant trees make durable bases. A Homesteaders Home protect wildlife from predators and Other suitable materials include large the weather. They also establish a stumps, cull logs, old fence posts, medium for seed germination and large stones, metal grills supported plant growth. Construction of brush by cinder blocks, and tractor tires. piles has most often been You may use small trees and limbs of recommended for management of the almost any species as filler material. bobwhite quail and cottontail rabbit. Brush piles constructed for game Put the largest material on the animals also will be used by many bottom and ad layers at right angles nongame species. to one another. Then add small trees, limbs, and branches as filler over the Cover provided by the brush pile base so that the center is very dense, must be dense enough to protect but the edges are loose. This will wildlife and yet allow animals to easily shelter the wildlife and still allow them run inside. to easily come and go. When using woody material, the base should Suitable locations for brush piles consist of sturdy trunks or limbs at include open fields and range land, least 6 in. in diameter. fence corners, field edges, gullies, between a stream and a marsh, A brush pile for quail should be 6 ft. woodland borders, near woodlands to 7 ft. tall and 24 ft. to 36 ft. in being cleared or thinned, and other diameter. For rabbits, the brush pile sites adjoining feeding and nesting should be 4 ft. to 7 ft. tall and 10 ft. to cover. 20 ft. wide. Brush piles help to prevent erosion In areas cleared of natural wildlife and provide wildlife cover when placed cover, it is best to build at least three along the head of a gully, but never or four brush piles per acre. To help place them in the middle of an eroding conceal wildlife traveling along wash. They may also be appropriate woodland borders, place a brush pile near impoundments, stock ponds, every 200 to 300 feet. potholes, and other watering places in open terrain. You may want to keep brush piles away from your house and buildings as If you install them adjacent to food they will attract woodchucks, skunks, plots, they will make the plots more and snakes – all of which may become attractive and available to both game household pests. Brush piles may also and nongame species. Place them at conceal predators. Keep them away each end of an elongated food plot or from bird feeders located on or near where the surrounding area is lacking the ground.© WindStar Wildlife Institute Page 1 A Plants Home
  2. 2. WindStar Wildlife Institute is a national, non-profit, conservation organization whose mission is to help individuals and families establish or improve the wildlife habitat on their properties. For more information or for the name of a Master Wildlife Habitat Naturalist in your area, please contact: WindStar Wildlife Institute E-mail: wildlife@windstar.org http://www.windstar.org© WindStar Wildlife Institute Page 1 A Plants Home

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