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Finding Zen in Logic
Today Review Thesis Statements Introduce Informal Logic as a way of thinking. Connect Informal Logic to our idea of thesis...
A thesis statement is… a claim an understanding about your topic argumentative reasoned idea, supported by logic   usually...
Th es is Statements How do you create a thesis statement? Use your notes and begin to underline or highlight main ideas or...
<ul><li>Types of claims: </li></ul><ul><li>Claims of Fact or Definition </li></ul><ul><li>Claims of Cause and Effect </li>...
Claims of Fact or Definition   These claims argue about what the definition of something is or whether something is a sett...
Claims of Cause and Effect   These claims argue that one person, thing, or event caused another thing or event to occur.  ...
Claims About Value   These are claims made about what something is worth, whether we value it or not, how we would rate or...
Claims About Solutions or Policies   These are claims that argue for or against a certain solution or policy approach to a...
Analytical Thesis Statement A thesis statement that analyzes the  relationship  among various significant ideas contained ...
Thesis Statements In other words, we must make a  claim  that can be proven through logic. Argumentative  thesis statement...
“ A thesis statement focuses both the writer’s and reader’s attention on specific issues to be developed within an essay.”...
Structure of Analytical Thesis Statements This pattern can serve as an aid: Independent clause(s)  +  restricting clause(s...
“ Young people in China lack many abilities, such as  self-independence and self-control .  They are  not mature enough  a...
Thesis Statement: Chinese students who have graduated college benefit  from studying abroad more than high school students...
Take some time and work on making a claim/thesis statement. Fact Cause and Effect Value Solutions or Policies Thesis State...
Logic is a system of analysis in which writers invent, demonstrate and prove their claims and make those claims arguments....
Most commonly used in Math, Science, Philosophy and writing. Informal Logic is a type of logic used to develop arguments. ...
Inductive Reasoning Lo g ic Deductive Reasoning Syllogism Enthymeme
Syllogism:  Premise 1: All men are mortal. Premise 2: Socrates is a man. Conclusion: Therefore, Socrates is mortal. Lo g ic
Often logic requires several premises to reach a conclusion. Premise 1: All monkeys are primates. Premise 2: All primates ...
Logic can also mislead when it is based on premises that an audience does not accept. For instance: Premise 1: People with...
Thesis Statement: Chinese students who have graduated college benefit  from studying abroad more than high school students...
Thesis Statement: Chinese students who have graduated college benefit  from studying abroad more than high school students...
Next Week: Continuing Logic Taking Analytical Thesis statements and developing outlines using Informal Logic. Lo g ic
Homework: Draft out an analytical thesis.  This will be collected next week. Lo g ic
“ Love is disappearing [ independent  /  generalization ] because individualism is the main survival technique in today’s ...
Premise 1 : ? Premise 2:   Individualism is the main survival technique in today’s fiercely competitive society .  Conclus...
Premise 1 : Individualism and love are mutually exclusive. Premise 2:   Individualism is the main survival technique in to...
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Logic

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Logic

  1. 1. Finding Zen in Logic
  2. 2. Today Review Thesis Statements Introduce Informal Logic as a way of thinking. Connect Informal Logic to our idea of thesis statements
  3. 3. A thesis statement is… a claim an understanding about your topic argumentative reasoned idea, supported by logic usually one sentence
  4. 4. Th es is Statements How do you create a thesis statement? Use your notes and begin to underline or highlight main ideas or claims that you seem to make.
  5. 5. <ul><li>Types of claims: </li></ul><ul><li>Claims of Fact or Definition </li></ul><ul><li>Claims of Cause and Effect </li></ul><ul><li>Claims About Value </li></ul><ul><li>Claims About Solutions or Policies </li></ul>
  6. 6. Claims of Fact or Definition These claims argue about what the definition of something is or whether something is a settled fact. Example What some people refer to as global warming is actually nothing more than normal, long-term cycles of climate change.
  7. 7. Claims of Cause and Effect These claims argue that one person, thing, or event caused another thing or event to occur. Example The popularity of SUV's in America has caused pollution to increase.
  8. 8. Claims About Value These are claims made about what something is worth, whether we value it or not, how we would rate or categorize something. Example Global warming is the most pressing challenge facing the world today.
  9. 9. Claims About Solutions or Policies These are claims that argue for or against a certain solution or policy approach to a problem. Example Instead of drilling for oil in Alaska we should be focusing on ways to reduce oil consumption, such as researching renewable energy sources.
  10. 10. Analytical Thesis Statement A thesis statement that analyzes the relationship among various significant ideas contained in the thesis sentence(s) Thesis Statement
  11. 11. Thesis Statements In other words, we must make a claim that can be proven through logic. Argumentative thesis statements require that we take a stand on our topics.
  12. 12. “ A thesis statement focuses both the writer’s and reader’s attention on specific issues to be developed within an essay.” In addition, analytical thesis statements analyze the relationship among these significant ideas. “ A writer’s reasoned conclusion about some issue or writing problem.” Thesis Statement
  13. 13. Structure of Analytical Thesis Statements This pattern can serve as an aid: Independent clause(s) + restricting clause(s) [general ideas are stated] [qualifying idea(s) defined] Thesis Statement
  14. 14. “ Young people in China lack many abilities, such as self-independence and self-control . They are not mature enough and can easily be influenced by the outside world. It is necessary for them to have a mature base and enough condition to go abroad . The first thing to do is form a solid foundation of traditional Chinese culture .” Thesis Statement
  15. 15. Thesis Statement: Chinese students who have graduated college benefit from studying abroad more than high school students(general) because graduates have a foundation of traditional Chinese values. (qualifying) Thesis Statement
  16. 16. Take some time and work on making a claim/thesis statement. Fact Cause and Effect Value Solutions or Policies Thesis Statement
  17. 17. Logic is a system of analysis in which writers invent, demonstrate and prove their claims and make those claims arguments. Logic is simply a strategy that tests certain claims and conclusions of their accuracy. Logic
  18. 18. Most commonly used in Math, Science, Philosophy and writing. Informal Logic is a type of logic used to develop arguments. Logic
  19. 19. Inductive Reasoning Lo g ic Deductive Reasoning Syllogism Enthymeme
  20. 20. Syllogism: Premise 1: All men are mortal. Premise 2: Socrates is a man. Conclusion: Therefore, Socrates is mortal. Lo g ic
  21. 21. Often logic requires several premises to reach a conclusion. Premise 1: All monkeys are primates. Premise 2: All primates are mammals. Premise 3: All mammals are vertebrate animals. Conclusions: Monkeys are vertebrate animals. Lo g ic
  22. 22. Logic can also mislead when it is based on premises that an audience does not accept. For instance: Premise 1: People with red hair are not good at checkers. Premise 2: Bill has red hair. Conclusion: Bill is not good at checkers. Lo g ic
  23. 23. Thesis Statement: Chinese students who have graduated college benefit from studying abroad more than high school students because graduates have a foundation of traditional Chinese values. Inductive Premise? Deductive Conclusion? Lo g ic
  24. 24. Thesis Statement: Chinese students who have graduated college benefit from studying abroad more than high school students because graduates have a foundation of traditional Chinese values. Inductive Premise? Deductive Conclusion? Lo g ic
  25. 25. Next Week: Continuing Logic Taking Analytical Thesis statements and developing outlines using Informal Logic. Lo g ic
  26. 26. Homework: Draft out an analytical thesis. This will be collected next week. Lo g ic
  27. 27. “ Love is disappearing [ independent / generalization ] because individualism is the main survival technique in today’s fiercely competitive society [ restricting idea ] . ” Lo g ic
  28. 28. Premise 1 : ? Premise 2: Individualism is the main survival technique in today’s fiercely competitive society . Conclusion: Love is disappearing. Lo g ic
  29. 29. Premise 1 : Individualism and love are mutually exclusive. Premise 2: Individualism is the main survival technique in today’s fiercely competitive society . Conclusion: Love is disappearing. Lo g ic

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