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Lesson 1


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Lesson 1

  1. 1. European/Western Culture The Art of Reform
  2. 2. Introduction: Reform <ul><li>The Art of Reform </li></ul><ul><li>Reform: to put or change into an improved condition </li></ul><ul><li>Reformation: the act of reforming: the state of being reformed </li></ul>
  3. 3. Introduction: Reform <ul><li>Reform improves a specific and existing form or movement </li></ul><ul><li>Form (noun): the shape and structure of something as distinguished from its materials. </li></ul><ul><li>Something will be defined in this course as culture. </li></ul><ul><li>(Art, Politics, Philosophy etc.) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Understanding Reform <ul><li>Asking the Right Questions </li></ul><ul><li>What: the current way of life , and the reform </li></ul><ul><li>When: the time period or date </li></ul><ul><li>Where: Location the reform </li></ul><ul><li>How: the make up of the reform , what steps where taken to reach the reform. </li></ul><ul><li>Why: what drove the idea of reform. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Example of Reform <ul><li>Mr. Birkbeck coming to China </li></ul><ul><li>What: What: Coming to China to teach </li></ul><ul><li>When: for one year, Spring of 2008-Fall 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Where: Nejiang Normal University, China </li></ul><ul><li>How: talked to Brent and Shannon, they connected me with Jennifer in the foreign language office and I applied and then was offered a position. </li></ul><ul><li>Why: Seeking a new experience in another country, while in the states I had a desire to teach </li></ul>
  6. 6. Ancient Greek Culture <ul><li>Social and Political Structures </li></ul><ul><li>Literature and Art </li></ul><ul><li>Science and Philosophy </li></ul>
  7. 7. Political Structures <ul><li>Two important divisions in Greek Politics: </li></ul><ul><li>Monarchy(n): undivided rule or absolute sovereignty by a single person </li></ul><ul><li>Democracy(n): government by the people: rule of the majority </li></ul>
  8. 8. Monarchy <ul><li>Who in Ancient Greece? </li></ul><ul><li>Minoans and Mycenaeans </li></ul><ul><li>Rulers: Called “Princes” </li></ul><ul><li>When: 2,000 B.C. </li></ul><ul><li>Controlled: All Politics, and Religion </li></ul><ul><li>Polytheistic: worshiped multiple gods </li></ul>
  9. 9. Democracy <ul><li>Who in Ancient Greece? </li></ul><ul><li>Citizens of Athens </li></ul><ul><li>People elected officials by voting </li></ul><ul><li>Who could vote? </li></ul><ul><li>Any freeborn male above the age of 18 </li></ul>
  10. 10. Social Structures <ul><li>Social hierarchy did not link to Political Power. </li></ul><ul><li>Classes were based on wealth, but one was not stuck in a certain class, they could move up </li></ul><ul><li>People were not judged or treated different based on their social class. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Social Structures <ul><li>People who had rights: Men, 18 and older, widows, or other women who owned land </li></ul><ul><li>Slaves: made up almost 1/3 of the population in most city-states (Including Athens) </li></ul>
  12. 12. Greek Living <ul><li>Citizens lived in two different places: </li></ul><ul><li>Within the city walls </li></ul><ul><li>Outside the city walls on farms or small villages </li></ul><ul><li>Agora: a public place where people meet: Like a market </li></ul>
  13. 13. Literature <ul><li>Definition: writings in prose and verse: writings have excellence in form or expression: expressing ideas of permanent or universal interest </li></ul><ul><li>Homer: Blind poet, the author of the great Greek Epics: The Iliad, The Odyssey </li></ul>
  14. 14. Next Week <ul><li>Greek Culture Continued: </li></ul><ul><li>Literature: Lyric Poetry, Drama, Comedy </li></ul><ul><li>Art </li></ul><ul><li>Science and Philosophy </li></ul>
  15. 15. Reading Assignment <ul><li>Please Read pages 13-26 in your text book </li></ul>