Egypt- Eimear & Erika


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Egypt- Eimear & Erika

  1. 1. EGYPT
  2. 2. THE NILEThe Nile is the largest river in the world.It is 6,650km (4,132 miles)Flows through Uganda, Ethiopia, Sudan, Burundiand Egypt.Only 22% flows through Egypt.Largest source= Lake VictoriaMade up of the Blue Nile and the White NileHapi= Nile God
  3. 3. TUTANKHAMUN• He was a famous Egyptian pharaoh.• He was born in Akhenaten[capital city at the time] in around 1346 BC• He became pharaoh at 9.• He died at 18.
  4. 4. HOWARD CARTER• Howard Carter was born in 1874 in England.• On the 4th of November he discovered Tutankhamens tomb.• It was around 3,000 years after his death.• Was discovered in The Valley of Kings.• He supposedly died of a mummy’s curse.
  5. 5. CLEOPATRA• Cleopatra was a famous Egyptian queen.• She was born in 69BC.• Lived in Alexandria ( seaport in northern Egypt.)• She was the third child of six.• She married her brother Ptolemy XIII then her brother Ptolemy XIIII after that Julius Ceaser and last Marc Antony• Cleopatra committed suicide after a 21 year rule
  6. 6. PYRAMIDS There are eighty pyramids. They were made for tombs for kings and queens. They are mostly found on the western side of the Nile. In front of all the pyramids of Giza there are sphinx. Sphinx has the body of a lion and a head of a pharaoh. The highest pyramid is 140 metres high.
  7. 7. FACTS• Cairo= capital• 90% of religion= Muslim• Largest income = tourists• Official name= Arab Republic of Egypt• Population = 78,887,007• Official language = Arabic• Currency= Egyptian pound• Area = 386,662 square miles.• 2.5cm of rainfall each year.
  8. 8. EGYPTIAN GODS Sun God =Ra who had the head of falcon. Earth = Geb = colour of plants and Nile mud Dead= Osiris =dressed in white with crook. Sky =Nut = blue with golden stars Desert= Seth =animal head with long curved snout
  9. 9. LOCATION Egypt is located in the north east of Africa. It is bordered by Sudan and Libya. It is the same size as Mexico and Texas combined.
  10. 10. FLAG• The Egyptian flag was established on the 4th October 1984.• The “Eagle of Saladin” is the national emblem.• Eagle stands for power, beauty and independence.• Red stands for historic time before revolution.• White stands for the revolution in 1952.• Black stands for the end of cruelty by the British.
  11. 11. MUMMIFICATION1. The body was washed.2. Organs were removed. Only the heart remained.3. The body was filled with stuffing.4. The body was dried by covering it with a substancecalled natron*. This substance absorbed all themoisture from the body.5. After 40 - 50 days the stuffing was removed andreplaced with linen or sawdust.6. The body was wrapped in strands of linen andcovered in a sheet called a shroud.7. The body was placed in a stone coffin called asarcophagus.
  12. 12. EGYPTIAN ANIMALS• In Egypt the camel is a very useful animal.• It is strong and can go days without water.• Other animals include crocodiles ,gazelles , lots of birds and the hippo.• The hippo is a very dangerous animal it kills more people than any other creature in a stampede it can reach up to 30 miles per hour, they can weigh from 5,000 – 8,000 pounds!
  13. 13. FOOD AND FARMING Farmers grow wheat, barley, cucumbers, lettuce, cabbage s, leeks, onions and melons. Three farming seasons Akhet (June- September) Flooding season Peret (October- February) Growing season. Shemu (March- May) Harvesting season.
  14. 14. GOVERNMENT• Republic• A presidential election will be held in Egypt on 23 and 24 May 2012.• It will be the second presidential election in Egypts history with more than one candidate, following the 2005 election.• Hosni Mubarak, was Egypt’s president since October 1981.
  15. 15. Theend byEimear andErika