Chapter Six: Early India Section One India’s First Civilizations
Vocabulary <ul><li>Aryans </li></ul><ul><li>Part of a group called Indo-Europeans, </li></ul><ul><li>The Aryans lived in c...
Vocabulary <ul><li>Brahmans </li></ul><ul><li>The priests in Indian society, Brahmans </li></ul><ul><li>were the only ones...
Vocabulary <ul><li>subcontinent:  </li></ul><ul><li>A large landmass that is part of a continent </li></ul><ul><li>but dis...
subcontinent
Vocabulary <ul><li>monsoon </li></ul><ul><li>A strong wind that blows one direction </li></ul><ul><li>during the summer an...
Vocabulary <ul><li>raja: </li></ul><ul><li>A prince who led an Aryan tribe in India </li></ul><ul><li>and ran their own sm...
Vocabulary <ul><li>caste: </li></ul><ul><li>A social group that began in Ancient India, where </li></ul><ul><li>a person i...
Vocabulary  <ul><li>guru: </li></ul><ul><li>A religious leader and spiritual guide in </li></ul><ul><li>Hinduism </li></ul>
Vocabulary  <ul><li>drought: </li></ul><ul><li>An extended period without rain </li></ul>
Vocabulary  <ul><li>Sanskrit: </li></ul><ul><li>Written language developed by the </li></ul><ul><li>Aryans   </li></ul>
Sanskrit Example of Sanskrit Writing
1-1.  What natural features of India influenced where civilization first began there?  *What effect(s) did they have on th...
1-2.  When did India’s first civilization, Harappa exist?  <ul><li>It existed from about  </li></ul><ul><li>3000 B.C.E. to...
1-3.  List and describe the two major cities of this civilization. <ul><li>Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro  were large,  </li></u...
1-4.  Why is so little known about the Harappans?  What do historians think happened to them? <ul><li>*The Harappans left ...
1-6.  How did the economic activity of the Aryans change when they migrated into the Indian subcontinent? What crops were ...
1-7.  What new ideas did the Aryans introduce to the area? <ul><li>The Aryans brought new ideas such as </li></ul><ul><li>...
1-8.  How were the Aryan kingdoms of India ruled? <ul><li>They were ruled by the Ksatriyas, the </li></ul><ul><li>warrior ...
1-9.  Draw a diagram of India’s early social system. <ul><li>Brahmans (priests) </li></ul><ul><li>Kshatriyas (warriors and...
1-10.  Compare the role of women and that of men in Indian society. <ul><li>Men had more rights.  Only men </li></ul><ul><...
1-10 Continued Women’s rights <ul><li>Women had little rights, and were </li></ul><ul><li>treated much like property.  </l...
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Chapter Six Section 1 SG

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Chapter Six Section 1 SG

  1. 1. Chapter Six: Early India Section One India’s First Civilizations
  2. 2. Vocabulary <ul><li>Aryans </li></ul><ul><li>Part of a group called Indo-Europeans, </li></ul><ul><li>The Aryans lived in central Asia and </li></ul><ul><li>were good warriors, expert horse riders </li></ul><ul><li>and hunters. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Vocabulary <ul><li>Brahmans </li></ul><ul><li>The priests in Indian society, Brahmans </li></ul><ul><li>were the only ones who could perform </li></ul><ul><li>religious ceremonies. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Vocabulary <ul><li>subcontinent: </li></ul><ul><li>A large landmass that is part of a continent </li></ul><ul><li>but distinct from it. </li></ul>
  5. 5. subcontinent
  6. 6. Vocabulary <ul><li>monsoon </li></ul><ul><li>A strong wind that blows one direction </li></ul><ul><li>during the summer and the opposite </li></ul><ul><li>direction during the winter. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Vocabulary <ul><li>raja: </li></ul><ul><li>A prince who led an Aryan tribe in India </li></ul><ul><li>and ran their own small kingdoms that </li></ul><ul><li>often fought against one another. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Vocabulary <ul><li>caste: </li></ul><ul><li>A social group that began in Ancient India, where </li></ul><ul><li>a person is born into a position and cannot </li></ul><ul><li>change. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Vocabulary <ul><li>guru: </li></ul><ul><li>A religious leader and spiritual guide in </li></ul><ul><li>Hinduism </li></ul>
  10. 10. Vocabulary <ul><li>drought: </li></ul><ul><li>An extended period without rain </li></ul>
  11. 11. Vocabulary <ul><li>Sanskrit: </li></ul><ul><li>Written language developed by the </li></ul><ul><li>Aryans </li></ul>
  12. 12. Sanskrit Example of Sanskrit Writing
  13. 13. 1-1. What natural features of India influenced where civilization first began there? *What effect(s) did they have on these people? <ul><li>The Indus River valley consisted of rich fertile soil from two rivers: the Indus and the Ganges. South of the river valleys was the dry and hilly Deccan Plateau. </li></ul><ul><li>The river valleys and the eastern and </li></ul><ul><li>western coasts of India were lush fertile </li></ul><ul><li>plains, suitable for farming. </li></ul>
  14. 14. 1-2. When did India’s first civilization, Harappa exist? <ul><li>It existed from about </li></ul><ul><li>3000 B.C.E. to 1500 B.C.E. </li></ul>
  15. 15. 1-3. List and describe the two major cities of this civilization. <ul><li>Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro were large, </li></ul><ul><li>well-planned cities. Each city contained </li></ul><ul><li>a fortress, wide main streets, small side </li></ul><ul><li>streets, and walls that surrounded each </li></ul><ul><li>neighborhood. They also had different </li></ul><ul><li>types of houses and wells, indoor </li></ul><ul><li>bathrooms, and a city garbage system. </li></ul>
  16. 16. 1-4. Why is so little known about the Harappans? What do historians think happened to them? <ul><li>*The Harappans left no written records </li></ul><ul><li>so we know little about them. </li></ul><ul><li>*Historians think that earthquakes and </li></ul><ul><li>floods damaged the area and then the </li></ul><ul><li>Indus River changed course, killing </li></ul><ul><li>some and forcing others to leave. </li></ul>
  17. 17. 1-6. How did the economic activity of the Aryans change when they migrated into the Indian subcontinent? What crops were grown by the Aryans? <ul><li>They were no longer nomads, but </li></ul><ul><li>became farmers, inventing iron tools to </li></ul><ul><li>improve farming. </li></ul><ul><li>Their crops included: </li></ul><ul><li>Wheat, barley, millet, rice and spices </li></ul><ul><li>such as pepper, ginger, and cinnamon. </li></ul>
  18. 18. 1-7. What new ideas did the Aryans introduce to the area? <ul><li>The Aryans brought new ideas such as </li></ul><ul><li>the caste system and Sanskrit. </li></ul>
  19. 19. 1-8. How were the Aryan kingdoms of India ruled? <ul><li>They were ruled by the Ksatriyas, the </li></ul><ul><li>warrior and ruler class that was below </li></ul><ul><li>The priestly class, the Brahmans. </li></ul>
  20. 20. 1-9. Draw a diagram of India’s early social system. <ul><li>Brahmans (priests) </li></ul><ul><li>Kshatriyas (warriors and rulers) </li></ul><ul><li>Vaisyas (common people) </li></ul><ul><li>Sudras (unskilled labors and servants) </li></ul><ul><li>Pariahs (untouchables) </li></ul>
  21. 21. 1-10. Compare the role of women and that of men in Indian society. <ul><li>Men had more rights. Only men </li></ul><ul><li>could______. </li></ul><ul><li>inherit property </li></ul><ul><li>go to school </li></ul><ul><li>become priests </li></ul><ul><li>marry again, if his wife did not have children </li></ul><ul><li>(continued) </li></ul>
  22. 22. 1-10 Continued Women’s rights <ul><li>Women had little rights, and were </li></ul><ul><li>treated much like property. </li></ul><ul><li>For example, During “suttee” when a </li></ul><ul><li>man from a prominent family died and </li></ul><ul><li>was being cremated, the woman had to </li></ul><ul><li>leap into the fire, killing herself. </li></ul><ul><li>If she didn’t, then she was shamed from </li></ul><ul><li>society. </li></ul>

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