Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Color power point


Published on

Interior Design Powerpoint

Color power point

  1. 1. C O L O R
  2. 2. Warm Colors <ul><li>Includes: red, red-orange, orange, yellow-orange, and yellow </li></ul><ul><li>Considered engaging, positive, and stimulating </li></ul><ul><li>They can enclose space </li></ul><ul><li>If used in large areas colors may create an irritable environment </li></ul>
  3. 4. Cool Colors <ul><li>Blue, blue-green, green, violet, and blue-violet </li></ul><ul><li>They are generally relaxing and cooling </li></ul><ul><li>Expand space </li></ul><ul><li>Possibly perceived as cold and uninviting </li></ul>
  4. 6. Neutral Colors <ul><li>Gray, white, and black </li></ul><ul><li>These are without hue </li></ul><ul><li>Hue=color </li></ul><ul><li>Called achromatic: in Greek means without color </li></ul><ul><li>White with any small amount of color is considered neutralized </li></ul><ul><li>They are tranquil and unobtrusive </li></ul><ul><li>Consequently they may produce feelings of boredom </li></ul>
  5. 8. The Standard Color Wheel
  6. 9. Primary Colors <ul><li>Red </li></ul><ul><li>Yellow </li></ul><ul><li>Blue </li></ul>
  7. 10. Secondary Colors <ul><li>Orange </li></ul><ul><li>Green </li></ul><ul><li>Violet </li></ul>
  8. 11. Tertiary Colors <ul><li>Yellow-orange </li></ul><ul><li>Yellow green </li></ul><ul><li>Blue-green </li></ul><ul><li>Blue-violet </li></ul><ul><li>Red-violet </li></ul><ul><li>Red-orange </li></ul>
  9. 13. Colors Three Dimensions Hue Value Intensity
  10. 14. Hue <ul><li>Color name </li></ul><ul><li>A color can be lightened or darkened </li></ul><ul><li>Example: using a blue hue </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Light blue, dark blue, bright blue, grey-blue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They are all of a blue hue </li></ul></ul>
  11. 15. Value <ul><li>Degree of luminosity </li></ul><ul><li>Lightness or darkness of a hue </li></ul><ul><li>Tint=adding white </li></ul><ul><li>Shade=adding black </li></ul><ul><li>Tone=adding black and white </li></ul>
  12. 16. Intensity <ul><li>Or chroma </li></ul><ul><li>Is the degree of saturation </li></ul><ul><li>Describes the brightness or dullness </li></ul><ul><li>Color’s compliment (color directly across wheel) </li></ul>
  13. 17. Creating Color Schemes Achromatic Monotone Monochromatic Analogous Complementary
  14. 18. Achromatic <ul><li>Color scheme created using black, white, or variations of grey </li></ul><ul><li>No identifiable hue </li></ul>
  15. 20. Monotone <ul><li>Created from a color with low chroma </li></ul><ul><li>Usually neutral colors </li></ul><ul><li>Accents of stronger chroma may be used in accessories without changing the neutral scheme </li></ul>
  16. 22. Monochromatic <ul><li>Developed from a single hue </li></ul><ul><li>A range of intensities </li></ul><ul><li>Different tones and tints are used </li></ul><ul><li>Enhanced by textures such as wood, metal, stone, glass, and fabrics </li></ul><ul><li>Patterns are often incorporated </li></ul>
  17. 24. Analogous <ul><li>Any segment of colors that are side by side on the standard color wheel </li></ul><ul><li>Use a great variety of values and intensities </li></ul>
  18. 26. Direct Compliment <ul><li>Simplest of the contrasting color schemes </li></ul><ul><li>Any two colors that lie directly opposite each other on the color wheel </li></ul><ul><li>Used in equal amounts colors clash </li></ul>
  19. 27. Split Compliment <ul><li>Three-color scheme composed of any hue plus the two hues next to its compliment </li></ul><ul><li>For example </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Yellow is dominant color </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Red-violet and blue-violet are complimentary colors </li></ul></ul></ul>
  20. 28. Triad Complement <ul><li>Another three-color contrasting scheme </li></ul><ul><li>Any three colors that are equidistant on the color wheel </li></ul><ul><li>May be neutralized, raised, or lowered in value to produce a tranquil scheme </li></ul>
  21. 29. Psychological and Physiological Effects of Colors
  22. 30. Feelings and Reactions <ul><li>Red </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Courage, passion, love, danger, fire, strength </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Yellow </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cowardice, delicate, optimism, warmth, sunlight </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Orange </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cheerfulness, stimulation, sunset </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>When muted may appear cool or refreshing </li></ul></ul></ul>
  23. 32. Feelings and Reactions <ul><li>Blue </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Honesty, truth, loyalty, sky, masculine </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Green </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Envy, safety, peace, passivity, nature, serenity </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Violet </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Royalty, snobbery, power, drama, worship </li></ul></ul>
  24. 34. Feelings and Reactions <ul><li>White </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Purity, cleanliness, sterility, freshness </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Black </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mourning, sorrow, sophistication, mystery, night </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Brown </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Earth, wood, warmth, comfort, support </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Grey </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gloom, storm, fog, wisdom, intelligence, high-tech </li></ul></ul>
  25. 36. Multiculturalism and Color <ul><li>Color is an international language </li></ul><ul><li>Every culture identifies each other with something different </li></ul><ul><li>It is important to be sensitive to cultural color associations when working with clients from different cultures </li></ul>
  26. 37. Reflecting Personality <ul><li>When designing a room the opinions of occupants should be considered </li></ul><ul><li>Personal preferences should always be the main considerations instead of trends </li></ul>
  27. 38. Reflecting the Mood of the Room <ul><li>Color sets the mood of a room </li></ul><ul><li>Large areas with an intense color will be irritating </li></ul><ul><li>Neutralized tones for a large background are ideal </li></ul>
  28. 39. Interactions Between Color and the Elements and Principles of Design Space Texture Size and Proportion Balance Juxtaposition of Colors Light
  29. 40. Space <ul><li>Near colors appear darker </li></ul><ul><li>Colors seem more demanding in smaller spaces </li></ul><ul><li>When selecting a color from a small color sample it is best to select a color several tints lighter </li></ul><ul><li>When a tone is painted on four walls it is much darker than desired </li></ul>
  30. 41. Texture <ul><li>Color appears differently when the texture is differed </li></ul><ul><li>Fabrics with a deep textured surface cast shadows therefore appearing darker </li></ul><ul><li>A dull surfaces absorbs colors and much of the natural light </li></ul>
  31. 42. Size and Proportion <ul><li>Furniture may appear larger if painted or upholstered with colors in a strong chroma </li></ul><ul><li>A small room with demanding colors will seem even smaller </li></ul><ul><li>With skillful application of color a rooms dimensions may significantly be altered </li></ul>
  32. 43. Balance <ul><li>A small area of dark color balances a large area of bright color </li></ul><ul><li>A small bright blue chair balances a large gray-blue couch </li></ul>
  33. 44. Juxtaposition of Colors <ul><li>The eye perceives color in relation to it’s environment </li></ul><ul><li>People are color blind to two or four colors </li></ul><ul><li>When two primary colors are placed next to one another they appear tinted </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For example when blue is placed next to red, the red takes on a yellow tint </li></ul></ul>
  34. 45. Light <ul><li>Without light color does not exist </li></ul><ul><li>Always study the quality and quantity of light when planning a room </li></ul><ul><li>When light is bright the color will be stimulating </li></ul><ul><li>Color will be lifeless without sufficient light </li></ul><ul><li>A room with low light levels is enhanced by light-reflecting colors </li></ul>
  35. 46. Applications of Color to Interior Backgrounds Ceilings Paneled Walls Window Treatments Wood Trim Color in Wood
  36. 47. Ceilings <ul><li>If the objective is to have the wall and ceiling look the same the ceiling needs to be a tint of the wall color because the walls reflect onto the ceiling </li></ul><ul><li>If wallpaper is used the ceiling can be a tint of the lightest color in the paper or the background </li></ul>
  37. 48. Paneled Walls <ul><li>With dark wood paneling colors of intense chroma should be used because wood tends to absorb color </li></ul><ul><li>Lighter wood walls should use less intense colors for a more casual look </li></ul>
  38. 49. Dark Wood
  39. 50. Light Wood
  40. 51. Window Treatments <ul><li>If the objective is to have a completely blended background the drapery should be the same hue as the walls </li></ul><ul><li>If you want a contrasting look a contrasting color should be used that is complimentary to the room </li></ul>
  41. 53. Wood Trim <ul><li>The trim is important to the general color scheme </li></ul><ul><li>When painted the trim can be </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Same hue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Darker shade of hue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A contrasting color </li></ul></ul>
  42. 55. Color In Wood <ul><li>Each type of wood has a particular beauty </li></ul><ul><li>Heavily grained wood has heavier texture and vice versa for fine grained wood. </li></ul><ul><li>Always use woods in close proximity in grain </li></ul>
  43. 57. The Selection of a Color Scheme Distribution of Color Color Transitions Visual Communication
  44. 58. Distribution of Color <ul><li>Planned color distribution is necessary </li></ul><ul><li>Every room can be enhanced with some dark, some light, and some medium values </li></ul><ul><li>Most rooms are planned around one dominant color </li></ul><ul><li>In commercial buildings dark colors are often used to hide ventilation systems and plumbing pipes </li></ul>
  45. 59. The dominant color is green and there are variations of green throughout.
  46. 60. Color Transitions From One Room to Another <ul><li>When two rooms connect their color schemes should relate </li></ul><ul><li>One color should be carried from room to room </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For example: An accent color in one room is used as a wall color in another room </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Usually flooring remains the same </li></ul><ul><li>Similar ceiling colors are used </li></ul><ul><li>Moldings are consistent </li></ul><ul><li>Accessories help the flow </li></ul>
  47. 61. The same flooring and the same wall color throughout the house
  48. 62. Visual Communication <ul><li>Fabric, paint, and hard material samples are useful when presenting ideas to a client </li></ul><ul><li>Actual samples of all items in approximate proportions may be helpful as well </li></ul><ul><li>Doing these things on presentation boards is very wise </li></ul>
  49. 63. Boards have both material samples and drawings
  50. 64. Color Forecasting <ul><li>Organizations that help determine color preferences for residential and nonresidential: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Color Marketing Group </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Color Association of the United States </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Home Fashions League </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The International Colour Authority </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The National Decorating Products Association </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Colorcast </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>