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What is Poetry?


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What is Poetry?

  1. 1. What is Poetry?Bellringer: What is a poem? (Write in your notebook)
  2. 2. Annabel LeeIt was many and many a year ago, The angels, not half so happy in heaven,In a kingdom by the sea, Went envying her and me-That a maiden there lived whom you Yes!- that was the reason (as all men know, In this kingdom by the sea)may know That the wind came out of the cloud byBy the name of ANNABEL LEE; night,And this maiden she lived with no Chilling and killing my Annabel Lee.other thoughtThan to love and be loved by me. But our love it was stronger by far than the loveI was a child and she was a child, Of those who were older than we- Of many far wiser than we-In this kingdom by the sea; And neither the angels in heaven above,But we loved with a love that was more Nor the demons down under the sea,than love- Can ever dissever my soul from the soulI and my Annabel Lee; Of the beautiful Annabel Lee.With a love that the winged seraphs ofheaven For the moon never beams without bringingCoveted her and me. me dreams Of the beautiful Annabel Lee; And the stars never rise but I feel the brightAnd this was the reason that, long ago, eyesIn this kingdom by the sea, Of the beautiful Annabel Lee;A wind blew out of a cloud, chilling And so, all the night-tide, I lie down by theMy beautiful Annabel Lee; sideSo that her highborn kinsman came Of my darling- my darling- my life and myAnd bore her away from me, bride,To shut her up in a sepulchre In the sepulchre there by the sea, In her tomb by the sounding sea.In this kingdom by the sea.
  3. 3. What is Poetry?• Student definitions• Formal? Informal?
  4. 4. Poetry• Expresses a mood or feeling• Uses fewer words than prose• Share something special with images – Carefully chosen words
  5. 5. What is POETRY? Poetry is an art form in which humanlanguage is used for its aesthetic qualities in addition to, or instead of, its notionaland semantic content. It consists largely of oral or literary works in which language is used in a manner that is felt by its userand audience to differ from ordinary prose.
  6. 6. What is Poetry?It may use condensed or compressed form to convey emotion or ideas to the readers or listeners mind or ear; it may also use devices such as assonance and repetition to achieve musical or incantatory effects. Poems frequently rely for their effect on imagery, word association, and the musical qualities of the language used. The interactive layering of all these effects to generate meaning is what marks poetry.
  7. 7. What is Poetry?Nature of emphasizing linguistic form rather than using language purely for its content
  8. 8. POETRY Terms• Stanza; a division of a poem consisting of a series of lines arranged together in a usually recurring pattern of meter and rhyme• Meter; basic rhythmic structure of a line
  9. 9. Examples: Stanza Where the Sidewalk Ends from the book "Where the Sidewalk Ends" (1974) There is a place where the sidewalk ends and before the street begins, and there the grass grows soft and white, and there the sun burns crimson bright, and there the moon-bird rests from his flight to cool in the peppermint wind. Let us leave this place where the smoke blows black and the dark street winds and bends. Past the pits where the asphalt flowers grow we shall walk with a walk that is measured and slow and watch where the chalk-white arrows go to the place where the sidewalk ends. Yes well walk with a walk that is measured and slow, and well go where the chalk-white arrows go,for the children, they mark, and the children, they know, the place where the sidewalk ends.
  10. 10. Examples: Meter Hug OWarfrom the book "Where the Sidewalk Ends" (1974) I will not play at tug o war. Id rather play at hug o war, Where everyone hugs Instead of tugs, Where everyone giggles And rolls on the rug, Where everyone kisses, And everyone grins, And everyone cuddles, And everyone wins.
  11. 11. Abstract Imagery• Language that describes qualities that cannot be perceived with the five senses.• For instance, calling something pleasant or pleasing is abstract, while calling something yellow or sour is concrete. The word domesticity is abstract, but the word sweat is concrete.
  12. 12. Abstract Images “Loving”
  13. 13. Concrete“Wooden”
  14. 14. Abstract“Enthusiastic”
  15. 15. Sounds in POETRY• Perhaps the most vital element of sound in poetry is rhythm. Often the rhythm of each line is arranged in a particular meter. – The measured arrangement of words in poetry, as by accentual rhythm, syllabic quantity, or the number of syllables in a line. – A particular arrangement of words in poetry, such as iambic pentameter, determined by the kind and number of metrical units in a line. – The rhythmic pattern of a stanza, determined by the kind and number of lines.• Poetry often uses rhyme. Rhyme at the end of lines is the basis of a number of common poetic forms
  16. 16. Sounds in POETRY• Alliteration often plays a key role in poetry – Repetition of a particular sound in the first syllables of a series of words or phrases • Rabbits running over roses • Dressy daffodils – Assonance is the repetition of vowel sounds • “Poetry is old, ancient, goes back far. It is among the oldest of living things. So old it is that no man knows how and why the first poems came.” – Consonance is a poetic device characterized by the repetition of the same consonant two or more times in short succession• Both alliteration and rhyme, when used in poetic structures, help to emphasize and define a rhythmic pattern
  17. 17. Alliteration Rain Rain races, Ripping like Laughing Lions wind. Laughing lions Its restless laugh rage like jumping jaguars Caring Cats Rattles like on top of talking Caring cats cascadeRocks ripping trees. off through When Laughing lamas The air. the Lounging. Wind Whistles talking trees start Underneath yelling talking, yaks, Wind whistles the joking Yelling at roaming through the air, jaguars fall Rats. while off. talking turtles shiver like sea horses while everyone is asleep
  18. 18. Assonance Poems Hear the mellow wedding bells, Golden bells! What a world of happiness their harmony foretells! Through the balmy air of night How they ring out their delight! From the molten-golden notes, And an in tune, What a liquid ditty floats To the turtle-dove that listens, while she gloats From the fourth stanza:What a world of solemn thought their monody compels! In the silence of the night, How we shiver with affright At the melancholy menace of their tone! For every sound that floats From the rust within their throats Is a groan.
  19. 19. Assonance Poems From folk that sat on the terrace and drew out the even long Sudden crowings of laughter, monotonous drone of song;The quiet passage of souls over his head in the trees; {2g} And from all around the haven the crumbling thunder of seas. "Farewell, my home," said Rua. "Farewell, O quiet seat!To-morrow in all your valleys the drum of death shall beat.
  20. 20. Alliteration Practice• Which stanza contains an alliteration•
  21. 21. How to Analyze POETRY• To study or analyze poetry, one must consider many elements.• A good way to start is by reading the poem silently.• Then read the poem a second (third, fourth) time aloud.• Reading the poem aloud makes its meaning clearer and you will hear the various poetic sound devices such as alliteration, rhyme, rhythm, etc.• Then try writing down a brief summary to make sure that you are understanding the poem.• Remember to read sentence by sentence not line by line.
  22. 22. Analyze “Annabel Lee”