Lesson 5: The President’s PrecedentsBellringer: What is a “PRECEDENT”?
Precedents prec·e·dent /n. ˈprɛsɪdənt; adj. prɪˈsidnt ˈ , prɛsɪdənt/ Show Spelled[n. pres-i-duhnt; adj. pri-seed- nt, pres-i-duhnt] Show IPA noun 1. Law . a legal decision or form of proceeding serving as an authoritative rule or pattern in future similar or analogous cases. 2. any act, decision, or case that serves as a guide or justification for subsequent situations.
Washington http://www.history.com/vi deos/george- washingtons- precedents#george- washingtons-precedents List some precedents Washington set . . .
Washington’s Presidency George Washington was constantly setting precedents. He did a lot to define in practice what was written in the Constitution. Washington was aware that the Constitution provided the framework, but he would have to fill in a lot of blanks Every single “first” would set a precedent to be followed by later presidents
Washington’s View on his Role“As the first of everything in our situation will serve to establish a precedent. It is devoutly wished on my part, that these precedents may be fixed on true principles.”
Guiding Questions What important developments occurred during George Washingtons tenure as the first "President of the United States"? How did they affect the future of the U.S. and the office of President?
What is a President Look at the Federalists paper for interpretation Answer questions about the President How many chief executives are there at one time? What is a term of office? What provision is made for cases of abuse of office? What power does the chief executive have in the passage of laws? What limits are there on the executive in the passage of a law? What military powers does the chief executive have ? What powers to call the legislature together does the chief executive have ?
What did Washington do During hisPresidency? Read 2 articles Underline or highlight accomplishments or precedents Washington made Make a list . . .
Washington’s Precedents Neutrality in Foreign Affairs 2-term Presidency Use of Force to Enforce the law (Whiskey Rebellion) Establishment of a Cabinet State department Treasurey Department of War Calling on Cabinet for advice How to address the president First to be Inaugurated First to make Inaugural speech Judiciary Act of 1789 Federal courts, district courts, circuit courts Federal courts could overturn state decisions John Jay as Chief Justice
Comparing Can we find statements about the powers and responsibilities Hamilton discussed? Are any aspects of the Executive as described in the Constitution different from Hamiltons discussion?
Inaugural Address What can we learn from it? What kind of President did Washington hint at being?